Dalton Public Schools The Dewey Decimal System By Leigh Anne Black Smith And Lisa Hughes How are our books arranged? This presentation will help you understand the Dewey Decimal Classification system used in our media center. ARE YOU READY? WHAT IS IN THE MEDIA CENTER AND WHY? 1. What is the system that is used to shelve nonfiction books? 2. Who is the creator of this system? 3. How many categories are in this system? 4. What are the categories and how are they divided? 5. What do the different numbers and letters on the spine of the book represent? 6. Does a short number or a longer number give more information? What is the Dewey Decimal System? • The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system is the world’s most widely used library classification system. • The DDC was developed by Melvin Dewey in 1876 with 23 revisions as of 2011. • DDC organizes books on library shelves in numerical order, including decimals, to enable users to retrieve and return books efficiently. • All knowledge is organized into ten main categories with sub-categories. Category Classification Numbering System • The main classes are classified by hundreds, having three digit numbers (ex. 001-099, 100-199, 200-299, etc.) • The ten classes are subdivided into ten divisions (ex. 010, 020, 030, and 110, 120, 130, etc.) • Each division is further subdivided into ten sections (ex. 011, 012, 013 and 111, 112, 113, etc.) • The DDC also classifies using decimal numbers for more specificity beginning with the fourth digit with a decimal placed after the third digit (ex 324. 3 or 324. 354, etc.) DDC’s Ten Main or Major Classification Numbers • • • • • • • • • • 000 – Computer science, information and general works 100 – Philosophy and psychology 200 – Religion 300 – Social sciences 400 – Language 500 – Science (including mathematics) 600 – Technology and applied Science 700 – Arts and recreation 800 – Literature 900 – History, geography, and biography DDC Sub-Category Classification Numbering • The main classification numbers are divided into tens (Example: 010). • The next sub-category within a subcategory divides the numbers into ten again (Example: 011). • The next level begins with a decimal (Example: 011.6). • The next level would involve using 2 decimal places (Example: 011.62) This numbering system can continue infinitely if needed. DDC Sub-Category Call Number Order Spine Labeling Examples Notice that the author’s name is abbreviated with the first three letters below the DDC number. What Was He Thinking? www.anovelprofessional.blogspot.com 000 Computer Science, information and general works Link to a Review of Unexplained: http://www.strangehorizons.com/reviews/2006/11/unexplained_an_.shtml Think Like Dewey If you want to learn about yourself or how people think, you need to browse the 100’s. 100 – Philosophy & Psychology Link to a Review of The Best Advice I Ever Got: http://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/katiecouric/best-advice-i-ever-got/#review Link to a Review of the 4 Dimensions of Philosophy: http://www.goodreads.com/review/show/3500664 Do you ever ask yourself “Who am I, and how did I get here?” Are you curious about higher powers? Check out the 200’s. 200 - Religion With whom do you share your world? Find out in the 300’s. 300 – Social Sciences I don’t understand what you are saying? The 400’s will help. 400 - Language Do you ever need or want information about natural sciences and math? Look in the 500’s. 500 - Science Georgia GPS for Weather • SM1. Students will relate the formation, structure and composition of Earth’s atmosphere to the processes that cause weather. • SM2. Students will investigate energy transfer to types of clouds formed, precipitation, and air masses. • SM3. Students will explore the science of weather forecasting. • SM4. Students will analyze the relationship of weather and society. https://www.georgiastandards.org/standards/Georgia%20Performance%20Standards/Meteorology.pdf How did they do that? How did they build that? Check out the 600’s to find out. 600 - Technology Art and Recreation assist in relieving stress and add to asethetic pleasure. If you want to learn about art or recreation choose the 700s. 700 – Arts and Recreation Want a classic work of literature? Choose the 800s 800 - Literature Do you ever wonder how the past affects the present? Or how the location of a place affects productivity? Look in the 900s 900 – History and Geography Link to a Review of The Great Depression: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/great-depressiont-h-watkins/1003207385#EditorialReviews Georgia GPS Connections to The Great Depression • SSUSH17 The student will analyze the causes and consequences of the Great Depression. • a. Describe the causes, including overproduction, underconsumption, and stock market speculation that led to the stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression. • b. Explain factors (include over-farming and climate) that led to the Dust Bowl and the resulting movement and migration west. • c. Explain the social and political impact of widespread unemployment that resulted in developments such as Hoovervilles. https://www.georgiastandards.org/standards/Georgia%20Performance%20Standards/United%20 States%20History%202009-2010%2008-14-2008.pdf What Do We Know Now? 1. What is the system that is used to shelve nonfiction books? 2. Who is the creator of this system? 3. How many categories are in this system? 4. What are the categories and how are they divided? 5. What do the different numbers and letters on the spine of the book represent? 6. Does a short number or a longer number give more information? Bibliography Abadie, M. J. (2001). Teen astrology. Bindu Books. Rochester. VT. 133.5 ABA. Adler, M. J. (1993). The four dimensions of philosophy: Metaphysical, moral, objective, and categorical. MacMillan. New York. 101 ADL . Allen, J. (2006). Unexplained: An encyclopedia of curious phenomena, strange superstitions, and ancient mysteries. Kingfisher Publications. Boston, MA. 001.9403 ALL American Heritage Dictionaries. (2010). One hundred words almost everyone mixes up or mangles. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Boston. 421.1 ONE. Bockenhauer, M. H. (2004). Our fifty states. National Geographic Society. Washington, DC. 917.3 BOC. Breuilly, E. (1997). Religions of the world: The illustrated guide to origins, beliefs, traditions, and festivals. Facts on File. New York. 291 BRE. Burroughs, W., Crowder, B., Robertson, T., Vallier-Talbot, E., Whitaker, R., and Zillman, J. (2004). A guide to weather. Fog City Press. San Franciso, CA. 551.6 BUR. Canfield, J., Hansen, M. V., and Trujillo, M. L. (2008). Chicken soup for the soul presents teens talking faith. Health Communications. Deerfield Beach, FL. 248.8 CAN. Bibliography-Cont. Couric, K. A. (2011). The best advice I ever got. Random House. New York. 158 COU. Cumming, R. (2007). Art explained. DK publishing. New York. 700 CUM. Durant, W. (1975). The age of napoleon. Simon & Schuster. New York. 940.2 DUR. Engle, M. (2010). The firefly letters. Henry Holt. New York. 811 ENG. Felheim, M. (1962). Comedy: Plays, theory, and criticism. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. New York. 809.2 FEL. Gooden, K. W. (1989). Coping with family stress. Rosen Publishing Group. New York. 158.24 GOO Levitt, S. (2003). Teen Feng Shui. Bidu Books. Rocherster, VT. 133.3 LEV. Marshall, E. L. (1996). A student’s guide to the internet: Exploring the World Wide Web. Gopherspace, electronic mail and more! The Millbrook Press, Inc. Brookfield, CT. 004.6 MAR Matheson, C. (2008). Green chic: Saving the earth in style. Source Books, Inc. Naperville, IL. 333.72 MAT. Bibliography-Cont. McCrum, R. (1986). The story of English. Viking Press, Inc. New York. 420.9 MCC. Pavelka, E. (1998). Bicycling Magazine’s Complete book of road cycling skills: Your guide to riding faster, stronger, longer, and safer. Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA. 796.9 PAV. Scherzo, P. (2000). Practical electronics for inventors. McGraw-Hill. New York. 621.381 SCH. Schmidt, G. D. (ed.). Robert Frost for young people. Chelsea House. New York. 811 FRO. Watkins, T. H. (1993). The Great Depression: America in the 1930’s. Little Brown & Company. New York. 973.917 WAT. World Book (1994). The world book of science power: Earth sciences, astronomy, and history of science. Vol 2. Chicago, IL. 507 WOR. Yes Magazine. (2004). Fantastic feats and failures. Kids Can Press. Toronto. 624.1 FAN.