Lecture - School of Geography, Planning and Environmental

Report
UQ Geography Day
How do we plan for a
sustainable and inclusive urban
community?
Dr. Derlie Mateo-Babiano
[email protected]
25 July 2014
session aim
By the end, you are able to:
•
Discuss a number of MOBILITY
our VERY unsustainable world
CHALLENGES in
•
Understand the complex INTERACTION of land use
and transport
• COMPREHEND WAYS to achieve sustainable
communities
2
How do we plan for a sustainable and
inclusive urban community?
1. Create compact and
connected communities
2. Provide infrastructure
3. Plan for access
4. Provide options
3
What is mobility &
accessibility?
4
Mobility
• Mobility ease with which people can move around,
between or within locations.
5
6
Accessibility
• Ability and ease with which
people can access places, and
social and economic
opportunities, within a
reasonable time and cost.
• This includes physical access
to public transport, buildings
and facilities.
7
Access to opportunites
8
http://www.creativeclass.com/_v3/creative_class/_wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/map.jpg
Transport system
Physical
environment
transport
network
transport
users
geographic features, climate, air quality
set of interconnected routes
Fixed asset:
infrastructure
people, goods and vehicles
Mobile
units
Management,
operations,
regulations
regulatory &
management
subsystem
manage traffic
social
environment
interactions, communication, socio-economic
structures
transport
operating
environment
land use development patterns
What are our transport
mobility challenges?
10
The Urban Transport Problem (UTP)
11
Way-of-life of Australian cities
……based around private motor vehicles
as the primary means of transportation
n
12
Southeast QLD average commute distance
13
14
UTP with
‘private car’
15
(Tolley, 2003)
1. Create compact
and connected
communities
Coordinate land use and transport
16
Transport and Land Use Interaction (LUTI)
Land use
accessibility
transport
17
activity
Land
use
density
Urban
form
Modal
split
18
Land
use
density
Urban
form
Modal
split
19
Traditional
or
walking city
20
(Tolley, 2003)
Automobile city
21
Transit city
The transit city: mixed density, mixed
22 grid based, centralised
use,
(http://maps.google.com/)
(Tolley, 2003)
2. provide integrated,
adequate and appropriate
infrastructure, especially
for green transport
options….it matters
23
Bull Creek station (Perth)
Park-and-ride facilities at Murdoch,
Cockburn and Bull Creek stations are
often full by 7.15am
Park & ride
facility
cap. = 598
vehicles
24
http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/urbanpolicy/files/ACTIVE_TRAVEL_DISCUSSION_Chap_5.pdf
Brisbane’s cycling infrastructure
1986: no major cycle infrastructure
2006: 75km of major cycle infrastructure
25
if we build it, will they come?
BCC’s public bike sharing scheme implemented in October 2010
covers inner city Brisbane and the CBD
26
3. Plan for access
Promote the 'centres access hierarchy' &
'priority transit corridors
27
Centres Access Hierarchy + Priority corridors
• a tool to achieve
more integrated
transport and land
use planning
• three levels of public
transport hubs:
 regional hubs
 sub-regional
hubs
 district hubs
28
Eastern corridor renewal strategy
http://www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/documents/plans_strategies/local_pla
ns_draft_eastern_corridor_renewal_strategy.pdf
http://www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/documents/plans_strategies/local_plans_draft_eastern_corridor_renewal_strategy.pdf
Coorparoo precinct
30
Coorparoo
precinct
• high-quality mixed use
‘urban village’
• convenient access to
public transport
• diverse range of
community facilities as
well as an attractive
public realm
31
4. Provide transport options,
but make sustainable
options more attractive
32
4. Plan for people
“If you plan cities for cars and
traffic, you get cars and
traffic. If you plan for people
and places, you get people and
places.”
- Jan Gehl
33
Pedestrians
Cyclists
Public buses
Motorcycles
Private cars
Green transport hierarchy
34
Park & ride
facility
cap. = 598
vehicles
35
http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/urbanpolicy/files/ACTIVE_TRAVEL_DISCUSSION_Chap_5.pdf
CAN YOU WALK for
15 minutes?
36
15-min walkable centres/neighbourhood
37
Roma street, Parklands
38
SOURCE: http://brisurbane.wordpress.com/category/urban-planning/page/3/
Bangkok bus stop
Paris sidewalk
39
Tokyo’s High Street: Omotesando
Copenhagen, Denmark
converted from streets for car to streets for people
41
Switzerland
Calatrava-like transit/bus stop
42
43
Zurich, Switzerland
44
trams in Switzerland
summary and conclusion
Transport issues we encounter everyday are largely a
product of 1) our unsustainable behaviour and 2) the
way land use and transport interact promoting carorientated cities.
How do we then encourage a more
sustainable mobility culture?
45
Do you see
It is a matter of
perspective
…paradigm shift
required!!!
….MUST HAVE
effective infrastructure;
prioritise people; plan
for access; and create
compact & connected
communities;
After all, we aim to
create a more
sustainable & liveable
place to live and be.
an old woman or a
young woman?
Suggested readings/references
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Newman, P 2003, ‘Walking in a historical, international and contemporary context’, in Tolley, R (eds),
Sustainable transport: Planning for walking and cycling in urban environments, England, North America,
CRC Press. http://www.knovel.com/web/portal/browse/display?_EXT_KNOVEL_DISPLAY_bookid=2309
OECD 2002, Sustainable transport policies, Paris, OECD.
http://english.cbcsd.org.cn/projects/mobility/download/oecd9714.pdf
Thomson, M 1977, Great Cities and their Traffic Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Kenworthy, JR 2006, ‘The eco-city: Ten key transport and planning dimensions for sustainable city
development’ ,Environment & Urbanization, 18(1), 67-85.
http://eau.sagepub.com/content/18/1/67.full.pdf+html
Ieda, H 2010, Sustainable urban transport in an Asian context. Tokyo,Springer.
http://www.springerlink.com/content/k34183/#section=659326&page=1
Jabareen, YR 2006, ‘Sustainable urban forms - Their typologies, models, and concepts’ Journal of
Architectural and Planning Research, 26, 38-52.
SEQ Connecting 2031
2012, National urban policy: Our cities our future
Department of Infrastructure and Transport (DoT) 2012, Draft report on walking, riding and access to
public transport, website at
http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/urbanpolicy/files/ACTIVE_TRAVEL_DISCUSSION_Ex
ec_Summary.pdf
Giles-Corti B, Ryan K & Foster S 2012, Increasing density in Australia: maximising the health benefits
and minimising harm, National Heart Foundation of Australia, Canberra.
Creating Places for People: an urban design protocol for Australian cities www.urbandesign.gov.au
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