private sector

Report
Learning Outcomes
All of you will…
• Discuss the characteristics of the private &
voluntary sectors
• Suggest & list the advantages & disadvantages
of the private & voluntary sector
• Recall the information learnt from this lesson
and previous lessons to answer an exam
question
Private Sector Characteristics…
• Foremost objective is to make a profit
• Provide high quality facilities
• Membership & admission charges are higher
than the public sector
• Target high value goods & services for betteroff members of the community
• Do not have a public service commitment or
remit
Private Sector
PRIVATE SECTOR – consists of mainly commercial companies who
provide leisure and recreation facilities & services as a business
venture, and for profit
• A large & growing sector – offering many employment
opportunities & adding to country’s economic activity
With your partner can you think of 2 examples of what
Private enterprises now often provide?
http://www.bpl.org.uk/
Squash &
tennis
Health &
Spa Facilities
Golf
Fitness &
Conditioning
OAA
Children’s
Play facilities
Rapid expansion in the private sector
• Increased awareness of health & exercise
• Increasing national wealth
Facilities are of high quality which is
reflected in their admission/membership
charges
FEAR
Pick all the best recreational opportunities & users leaving the
public sector to provide more expensive facilities (large
swimming pools) for the less well-off members of society
Relationship between Public & Private
• Governments have insisted that local councils
manage their facilities efficiently & effectively
• In the early 1990’s the policy of ‘Compulsory
Competitive Tendering’ was introduced (now
moved on to ‘Best Value’ system) to introduce
to the public sector the standards of
management & service evident in the private
sector
Advantages & Disadvantages
Class are divided into two:
One half researching advantages & the other
disadvantages…
You are then going to swap with someone in the
other half and discuss and write down their
points
Exam-Style Question
‘It would be beneficial to allow the private
sector to provide sport & physical recreation
facilities for all, as it would do so more
efficiently & with higher quality’.
Discuss this statement.
(6 marks)
Peer Assessment
Ensure they have written about both positives & negatives
• Can react quickly to
demand
• It has the money to
meet individuals needs
• Would offer more
employment & activity
opportunities to society
• Not everyone could
afford the
membership/cost
• People may feel that
they didn’t fit in as
there is a degree of
social exclusivity
• May be long waiting
lists to join as there
could be a restriction in
numbers
Voluntary Sector
Biggest sector in terms of the amount & range of
provision that is made
Think of who in your club/team could be a volunteer &
what kinds of PA are provided through the voluntary
sector
** For every paid professional club there
are hundreds of amateur ones
RESOURCES?
Where do these
resources come
from?
• Grants from local authorities,
councils etc. (local councils
get their funding from
government grants & local
taxes)
• Grants from the National
Lottery (Awards for All, Sport
England)
• Annual subscriptions &
match fees
• Fund raising activities
• Income from social activities
e.g. club bar
Hire from local
authorities, councils &
parish councils
Own
facility
Local
Sports
Clubs
May introduce
paid roles if
they have
ambitions to
move
All other roles
that are
required in a
club will be
filled by
volunteers
Voluntary Sector Characteristics
• It operates on a non-profit basis
• Players & participants pay to play through match
fees/subscriptions
• Support roles within a team/club are filled by
volunteers
• They receive grant aids & support from the National
Lottery Sport England & the National Governing Body
• Raise funds through social activities, raffles etc.
• Any income generation will be retained within the
club to enhance facilities
• This sector has the whole range of sporting & physical
recreation activities
Advantages? or Disadvantages?
What do you think?
Complete the sheet filling in if they are
advantages or disadvantages
Can the voluntary sector provide
equality for all?
Exam - Style Question
1. Explain the terms public, private & voluntary
sectors (3 marks)
Use the definitions in your book to mark your
answers (pg147-153)
Advantage
or Disadvantage?
Adv
Based on the enthusiasm of individuals, a whole range of activities and at different levels
can be available
Adv
It exists for the people who choose to become involved so there is rarely an economic
disincentive
Dis
It is unplanned & relatively uncontrolled. No one can be demanded to organise activities
etc.
Adv
A lot of financial support from local & national government and even through community
& local sponsorship
Dis
Dis
Dis
Adv
Does not have an equal opportunities remit
Dis
It can be socially exclusive
Continuity cannot be guaranteed
If an opportunity is lacking in an area then one or more person with enthusiasm can
provide that opportunity
Financial support cannot be guaranteed e.g. if there is a change in the economic climate
then grants may be reduced
Home Learning
Research & write notes on the governments
system ‘Compulsory Competitive Tendering’ &
‘Best Value’
For next lesson 

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