Lab to Land Programme - amr

Report
SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT
AMR-APARD
ANDHRA PRADESH
WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY
IT
IS IMPROVING THE
QUALITY OF HUMAN LIFE
WHILE LIVING WITHIN THE
CARRYING CAPACITY OF
SUPPORTING ECOSYSTEMS
WATER SCARCITY
WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT
 DEVELOPMENT
THAT MEETS THE
NEEDS OF THE PRESENT WITHOUT
COMPROMISING THE ABILITY OF
FUTURE GENERATIONS TO MEET
THEIR OWN NEEDS
342
350
291
300
250
200
241.6
196.81
176.39
148.48
134.08
150
82.02 129.59
118.21
108.43
101.76
85.05
100 50.82
69.04
55.5
44.58
50 36.98
0
POPULATION
(IN CRORES)
TOTAL FOOD
GRAIN
PRODUCTIO
N(MILLION
TONNES)
National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land
Use and Planning(NBSS&LUP)
Sl.
No
Source
India
(Lakh Ha)
Andhra Pradesh
(Lakh Ha)
1
Water Erosion
936.80
115.18
2
Wind Erosion
94.80
Nil
3
Water logging/flooding
143
18.96
4
Salinity/Alkalinity
59.4
5.17
5
Soil acidity
160.4
9.05
6
Complex problems
73.8
1.56
7
Geographical Area
3287
275.05
8
Degraded area (%)
44.66
54.5
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
(Since inception to 2006-07)
Sl.No
PROGRAMME
AREA
(Lakh ha)
AMOUNT
(Rs crores)
1
NWDPRA
(1990-91)
93.09
3025.56
2
RVP&FPR
(1962&81)
64.86
2244.24
3
WDPSCA(1974-75)
3.93
295.58
4
RADAS(1985-86)
7.11
121.74
5
WDF(1999-00)
0.59
26.02
6
EAPs
18.15
3967.35
187.73
9680.49
Total
Ministry of Rural Development
(Since inception upto 2006-07)
Sl.No
PROGRAMME
AREA
(Lakh ha)
AMOUNT
(Rs crores)
1
DPAP
(1973-74)
137.27
4842.50
2
DDP
(1977-78)
78.73
1949.88
3
IWDP
(1988-89)
99.56
2438.15
4
EAPs
5.0
292.67
320.56
9523.20
Total
Ministry of Environment & Forests
Sl.No
PROGRAMME
AREA
(Lakh ha)
AMOUNT
(Rs crores)
1
NAEP(1989-90)
0.70
47.53
0.70
47.53
Total
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
(XI FYP)
Sl.No
PROGRAMME
1
NWDPRA
15.00
1500
2
RVP&FPR
12.50
1500
3
WDPSCA
2.00
240
4
RADAS
1.00
100
5
WDF
5.00
600
6
EAPs
5.00
750
7
RADP
30.00
3300
70.50
7990
Total
AREA
(Lakh ha)
AMOUNT
(Rs crores)
Ministry of Rural Development
(XI FYP)
Sl.No
PROGRAMME
1
IWDP
DPAP
DDP
IWDP/IWMP
AREA
(Lakh ha)
AMOUNT
(Rs crores)
240.00
15358
240.00
15358
2
3
Total
PLANNING COMMISSION
Sl.No
PROGRAMME
AREA
(Lakh ha)
AMOUNT
(Rs crores)
1
Hill Area &
Westren Ghat
Development
Programme
10
2500
WHAT IS RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Rural development generally
refers to the process of
improving the quality of life and
economic wellbeing of people
living in relatively isolated and
sparsely populated areas.
 HOUSING
 AGRICULTURE
 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
 HORTICULTURE
 SERICULTURE
 FISHERIES
 EDUCATION
 ELECTRICITY
 DRINKING WATER
 HEALTH & NUTRITION
 FOOD SECURITY
 WOMEN EMPOWERMENT
 SOCIAL SECURITY PENSIONS
 EMPLOYMENT
 IRRIGATION
 SANITATION
 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
 TELECOMMINCATIONS
 BANKING
 TRANSPORT
 TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
 SECURITY
 DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Members of Parliament Local Area Development
Scheme (MPLADS)
1993 To sanction Rs. 1 Crore per year to every
member of Parliament for various development works
in their respective areas through DM districts.
 District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)
1993 To provide financial assistance for rural
development.
 Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
1980 All-round development of the rural poor through a
program of asset endowment for self employment.
 Development of Women and Children in Rural
Areas (DWCRA)
1982 To provide suitable opportunities of self
employment to the women belonging to the rural
families who are living below the poverty line.
 Group
Life Insurance Scheme in Rural Areas 1995
To provide insurance facilities to rural people on lower
premium.
 Social Security Pilot Scheme 2004 Scheme for
labors of unorganized sector for providing family pension,
insurance and medical.
 National Cancer Control Programme 1975 Primary
prevention of cancers by health education regarding
hazards of tobacco consumption and necessity of genital
hygiene for prevention of cervical cancer, etc.
 National Program of Health Care for the Elderly
(NPHCE)
2010 To provide preventive, curative and rehabilitative
services to the elderly persons at various level of health
care delivery system of the country, etc.
National Program for Prevention and Control of
Deafness (NPPCD)
To prevent the avoidable hearing loss on account of
disease or injury, etc.
 National Mental Health Program (NMHP) 1982 To
ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental
health care for all in the foreseeable future, particularly
to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of
population.
 National Cancer Registry Programme 1982 To
provide true information on cancer prevalence and
incidence.
 National Tobacco Control Program 2007
Preventing the initiation of smoking among young
people, educating, motivating and assisting smokers to
quit smoking,etc.

National Leprosy Eradication Program started in
1955, launched in 1983 To arrest the disease activity in
all the known cases of leprosy.
 Universal Immunization Program (UIP) 1985 To
achieve self-sufficiency in vaccine production and the
manufacture of cold-chain equipment for storage
purpose, etc.
 National Vector Borne Disease Control Program For the prevention and control of vector borne diseases
 Child Labor Eradication Programme 1994 To shift
child labor from hazardous industries to schools.
 National Authority for the Elimination of Child
Labour (NAECL) 1994 Laying down the policies and
programs for the elimination of child labour, especially in
the hazardous industries, etc.
 National
Child Labour Project Scheme
(NCLP) 1998 Establishment of special schools for child
labour who are withdrawn from work.
 Education Department and District Primary
Education Program (DPEP) 1994 To revitalize the
primary education system and to achieve the objective of
universalisation of primary education for young children.
 International Programme for Elimination of Child
Labor (IPEC) 1991 To contribute to the effective abolition
of child labor in India
 National Commission for the Protection of Child
Rights (NCPCR) 2007 To protect, promote and defend
child rights in the country.
 National Policy on Child Labour 1987 General
development programmes benefiting children wherever
possible. Project-based approach in the areas of high
concentration of child labourers.
 Support
to Training and employment Programme
for Women (STEP) 2003-04 To increase the self-reliance
and autonomy of women by enhancing their productivity
and enabling them to take up income generaion activities.
 Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) 1993 To facilitate credit
support or micro-finance to poor women to start income
generating activities such as dairy, agriculture, shopkeeping, vending, handicrafts etc.
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of
Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) – ‘Sabla’ 2010 It aims at
empowering Adolescent girls of 11 to 18 years by
improving their nutritional and health status, up gradation
of home skills, life skills and vocational skills.
 Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB) 1953 To
promote social welfare activities and implementing
welfare programmes for women and children through
voluntary organizations.
 Indira
Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) To
improve the health and nutrition status of pregnant,
lactating women and infants
 SwayamSiddha 2001 At organizing women into SelfHelp Groups to form a strong institutional base.
 Short Stay Home for Women and Girls (SSH) 1969
To provide temporary shelter to women and girls who
are in social and moral danger due to family problems,
mental strain, violence at home, social ostracism,
exploitation and other causes.
 Swadhar 1995 To support women to become
independent in spirit, in thought, in action and have full
control over their lives rather than be the victim of others
actions
 Development
of Women and Children in Rural
Areas (DWCRA) 1982 To improve the socio-economic
status of the poor women in the rural areas through
creation of groups of women for income-generating
activities on a self-sustaining basis.
 Crash Scheme for Rural Employment (CSRE)
1972 For rural employment
 Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment
(TRYSEM) 1979 Program for Training rural youth for self
employment
 Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
1980 All-round development of the rural poor through a
program of asset endowment for self employment.
 National Rural Employment Program (NREP)
1980 To provide profitable employment opportunities to
the rural poor.
Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program
(RLEGP) 1983 For providing employment to landless
farmers and laborers
Self-employment to the Educated Unemployed
Youth (SEEUY) 1983 To provide financial and technical
assistance for self-employment.
 Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 1989 For providing
employment to rural unemployed.
 Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) 1993
To provide employment of at least 100 days in a year in
village.
 Swarnajayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)
1997 To provide gainful employment to urban
unemployed and under employed poor through self
employment or wage employment.
Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SYGSY)
1999 For eliminating rural poverty and unemployment
and promoting self employment.
 Jai Prakash Narayan Rojgar Guarantee Yojana
(JPNRGY) Proposed in 2002-03 budget Employment
guarantee in most poor districts.
 National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
2006 To provide at least 100 days wage employment in
rural areas.
 Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana 2001 To
provide wage employment and food security in rural
areas and also to create durable economic and social
assets.

Food for Work Programme 2001 To give food
through wage employment in the drought affected areas
in eight states. Wages are paid by the state governments
partly in cash and partly in food grains.
 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment
Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) 2005 To create a right
based framework for wage employment programmes and
makes the government legally bound to provide
employment to those who seek it.
 Prime Minister’s Employment Generation
Programme (PMEGP) 2008 To generate employment
opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through
setting up of new self-employment
ventures/projects/micro enterprises.
Integrated Child Development Services
(ICDS) 1975 It is aimed at enhancing the health,
nutrition and learning opportunities of infants, young
children (O-6 years) and their mothers.
 Creche Scheme for the children of working
mothers 2006 Overall development of children,
childhood protection, complete immunisation,
awareness generation among parents on malnutrition,
health and education.
 Reproductive and Child Health Programme 1951
To provide quality Integrated and sustainable Primary
Health Care services to the women in the reproductive
age group and young children and special focus on
family planning and Immunisation.
 Pulse
Polio Immunization Programme 1995 To
eradicate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all
children under the age of five years against polio virus.
 Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 2001 All children in school,
Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ' Backto-School' camp by 2003; all children complete five
years of primary schooling by 2007 ; all children
complete eight years of elementary schooling by 2010 ;
focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality
with emphasis on education for life ; bridge all gender
and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and
at elementary education level by 2010 ; universal
retention by 2010
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya 2004 To ensure
access and quality education to the girls of
disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential
schools with boarding facilities at elementary level.
 Mid-day meal Scheme 1995 Improving the nutritional
status of children in classes I – VIII in Government, Local
Body and Government aided schools, and EGS and AIE
centres.Encouraging poor children, belonging to
disadvantaged sections, to attend school more regularly
and help them concentrate on classroom activities.
Providing nutritional support to children of primary stage
in drought-affected areas during summer vacation.
 Integrated programme for Street Children 1993
Provisions for shelter, nutrition, health care, sanitation
and hygiene, safe drinking water, education and
recreational facilities and protection against abuse and
exploitation to destitute and neglected street children.
The National Rural Health Mission 2005 Reduction
in child and maternal mortality, universal access to
public services for food and nutrition , sanitation and
hygiene and universal access to public health care
services with emphasis on services addressing women's
and children's health universal immunization, etc.
 Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
1999 Assistance is given to the poor families living
below the poverty line in rural areas for taking up self
employment.
 Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) 2001
Providing gainful employment for the rural poor.
 Employment Assurance Scheme 1993 To provide
gainful employment during the lean agricultural season
in manual work to all able bodied adults in rural areas
who are in need and desirous of work, but can not find
it..
Pradhanmantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) 2000
Focus on village level development in 5 critical areas,
i.e. primary health, primary education, housing, rural
roads and drinking water and nutrition with the overall
objective of improving the quality of life of people in rural
areas.
 Antyodaya Anna Yojana 2000 It aims at providing
food securities to poor families.
 National Housing Bank Voluntary Deposit Scheme
1991 To utilize black money for constructing low cost
housing for the poor.
 National Social Assistance Programme 1995 To
assist people living below the poverty line.
 Jan Shree Bima Yojana 2000 Providing insurance
security to people below poverty line.
Shiksha Sahyog Yojana 2001 Education of Children
below poverty line.
 Intensive Agriculture Development Program (IADP)
1960 To provide loan , seeds , fertilizer tools to the
farmers.
 Intensive Agriculture Area Program (IAAP)
1964 To develop the special harvest.
 High Yielding Variety Program (HYVP)
1966 To increase productivity of foodgrains by adopting
latest varieties of inputs for crops.
 Green Revolution 1966 To increase the food grains ,
specially food production.
 Marginal Farmer and Agriculture Labor Agency
(MFALA) 1973 For technical and financial assistance to
marginal and small farmer and agricultural labor.
Small Farmer Development Agency (SFDA) 1974
For technical and financial assistance to small farmers.
 Farmer Agriculture Service Centres (FASC)
1983 To popularize the use of improved agricultural
instruments and tool kits.
 Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme
1985 For insurance of agricultural crops.
 Agricultural and Rural Debt Relief Scheme
(ARDRS) 1990 To exempt bank loans upto Rs. 10,000
of rural artisans and weaver.
 Intensive Cotton Development Programme (ICDP)
2000 To enhance the production, per unit area through
(a) technology transfer, (b) supply of quality seeds, (c)
elevating IPM activities/ and (d) providing adequate and
timely supply of inputs to the farmers .
Minikit Programme for Rice, Wheat & Coarse
Cereals 1974 To increase the productivity by
popularizing the use of newly released hybrid/high
yielding varieties and spread the area coverage under
location specific high yielding varieties/hybrids.
 Accelerated Maize Development Programme
(AMDP) 1995 To increase maize production and
productivity in the country from 10 million tonnes to
11.44 million tonnes and from 1.5 tonnes/hectare to 1.80
tonnes/hectare respectively upto the terminal year of 9th
Plan i.e. 2001-2002 (revised).
 National Pulses Development Project (NPDP) 1986
To increase the production of pulses in the country to
achieve self sufficiency.
 Oil Palm Development Programme (OPDP) 1992
To promote oil palm cultivation in the country.
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils development
Board (NOVOD) 1984 The main functions of the
NOVOD Board are very comprehensive and cover the
entire gamut of activities associated with the oil seeds
and vegetable oil industry including – production,
marketing, trade, storage, processing, research and
development, financing and advisory role to the
formulation of integrated policy and programme of
development of oil seeds and vegetable oil.
Coconut Development Board 1981 To increase
production and productivity of coconut
To bring additional area under coconut in
potential non-traditional areas
To develop new technologies for
product diversification and by-product utilization
To strengthen mechanism for transfer of technologies
To elevate the income level of small and marginal
farmers engaged in coconut cultivation.
To build up sound information basis for coconut
industry and market information
To generate ample employment opportunities in the
rural sector.
Watershed Development Council (WDC) 1983
Central Sector Scheme(HQ Scheme)
 Community Development Programme (CDP)
1952 Over-all development of rural areas with people's
participation.
 Rural Electrification Corporation 1969
Electrification in rural areas
 Accelerated Rural Water Supply
Programme(ARWSP)
1972-73 For providing drinking water in villages
 National Institution for Rural Development
1977 Training, investigation and advisory organization
for rural development
 National Fund for Rural Development (NFRD)
1984 To grant 100% tax rebate to donors and also to
provide financial assistance for rural development
projects.
Council for Advancement of People's Actions and
Rural Technology (CAPART) 1986 To provide
assistance for rural prosperity.
 Service Area Account (SAA) 1988 A new credit
policy for rural areas
 Supply of Improved Toolkits to Rural Artisans
(SITRA)1992 To supply modern toolkits to the rural
craftsmen except the weavers , tailors , embroiders and
tobacco laborers who are living below the poverty line.
 Mahila Samridhi Yojana 1993 To encourage the
rural women to deposit in Post Office Saving Account.
 Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
2000 To line all vilages with pakka road
 Bharat Nirman Program 2005 Development of
Rural Infrastructure including six components :
irrigation, Water supply, Housing, Road, Telephone and
Electricity.
Indira Awaas Yojana 1999 To help construction of
new dwelling units as well as conversion of
unserviceable kutcha houses into pucca/semi-pucca by
members of SC/STs, freed bonded labourers and also
non-SC/ST rural poor below the poverty line by
extending them grant-in-aid.
 National Rural Livelihood Mission 2009-10 To
reduce poverty among rural BPL by promoting
diversified and gainful self-employment and wage
employment opportunities which would lead to an
appreciable increase in income on sustainable basis.
 Pradhanmantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
2010 Integrated development of scheduled castes
dominated villages in the country.
 Twenty Point Program 1975 Poverty eradication
and raising the standard of living.
Draught Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) 1973-74
To minimise the adverse effects of drought on
production of crops and livestock and productivity of
land, water and human resources ultimately leading to
drought proofing of the affected areas.
 Annapurna Scheme 2000 To ensure food security
for all create a hunger free India in the next five years
and to reform and improve the Public Distribution
System so as to serve the poorest of the poor in rural
and urban areas.
IDENTIFICATION OF LINE DEPARTMENTS IN MANCHAL MANDAL
PR
REVENUE
RD
AGRICULTURE
MEDICAL &
HEALTH
PLANNING
HOUSING
AH
IRRIGATION
RWS
YOUTH
AFFAIRS
WOMEN &
CHILD
WELFARE
POLICE
EXCISE
FOREST
MINES &
GEOLOGY
SC
WELFARE
TRIBAL
WELFARE
SERICULTU
RE
ENERGY
R&B
MARKETING
MANDAL
DISABLED
WELFARE
BC
WELFARE
POSTAL
INDUSTRIES
FISHERIES
SOCIAL
WELFARE
BANKING
TELECOM
EDUCATION
COOPERATI
VE
GROUND
WATER
COMMERC
IAL TAX
HOUSING
HORTICULT
URE
1.PS
2.RS
3.ANGANW
ADI
TEACHER
4.ASHA
WORKER
5.FIELD
ASSISTANT
6.ADARSH
A RYTHU
Identification of paid functionaries in the pilot village
7.COMMUNITY
COORDINATOR
13.Head
Master
17.Teacher
21.Teacher
27.Teacher
8.Sakshara
Bharathi
Coordinator
14.Vidya
Volunteer
18.Vidya
Volunteer
22.PTF
28.Teacher
9.Sakshara
Bharathi
Coordinator
10.Commu
nity
Service
Provider
FUNCTIONARIES
IN CHEEDED GP
IN CHEEDED GP
23.Midday
Meal
Cook
29.FP
Shop
Dealer
24.NPM
Coordinator
37.Ward
members-8
11.ANM
15.Work
Inspector
Housing
12.Sweeper
16.Sweeper
19.Villag
e Book
Keeper
20.Sweeper
25.Helper
26.Waterman
38.Gopala
Mitra
39.Karobar
CASE STUDY - I
Name : Devarakonda .
Laxmamma
Caste :BC
Marital Status : Widow
House No: 1-88/1
Village :Cheeded
Mandal :Manchal
District:Ranga Reddy
State : Andhra Pradesh
Children : 2 Sons and 1
daughter
Age : 50/42/39/37 years
VOTER INDENTITY
CARD :
50 YEARS
RATION CARD :
42 YEARS
MGNREGA JOB CARD :
39 YEARS
MGNREGA SMARTCARD :
37 YEARS
Co-contributory pension
scheme for the SHG
women to give them a
monthly pension from the
age of 60 years onwards
…………………
What should be
considered for her
age determination?
60 = 50 + 10
60 = 42 + 18
60 = 39 + 21
60 = 37 + 23 for
payment of annual
premium for how
many years until the
age of 60 years?
GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES
INDIRA
KRANTHI
PATHAM
(IKP)
WIDOW
PENSION
IAY
D.LAXMAMMA
RAJIV GANDHI
GRAMEEN
VIDYUTIKARAN
YOJANA(RGVY)
MGNREGS
AAM ADMI
BHIMA
YOJANA
PUBLIC
DISTRIBUTION
SYSTEM
NRDWP
Name : Devarakonda .
Laxmamma
Caste :BC
Marital Status : Widow
House No: 1-88/1
Village :Cheeded
Mandal :Manchal
District:Ranga Reddy
State : Andhra Pradesh
Children : 2 Sons and 1
daughter
Age : 50/42/39/37 years
SUSTAINABLE RURAL
DEVELOPMENT

KEYCAP – LAB –TOLAND INITIATIVE
THROUGH BHARAT
NIRMAN VOLUNTEERS
LAB –TO –LAND
INITIATIVE
KEYCAP – Knowledgeable and Empowered
community is the KEY to Community Development in
Andhra Pradesh
 Aims at the wellbeing of rural community
 Catalyses convergence of a host of programmes
 Enhances effectiveness of any programme by
building leadership, disseminating knowledge,
community monitoring etc.,
 Builds a cadre of Bharat Nirman Volunteers to be the
“last mile human connectivity” for the Government
with the Rural Community.

2011-12
Department of
rural development
Rs 74,100
Department of
Department of
drinking water and land resources
sanitation
Total
Rs 11,000
Rs 87,800
Rs 2700
(crores)
Rs 8,00,00 crores from both Central and State Governments for
various welfare and Development Programmes
DEPARTMENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Sl.
No
Program
Amount
(crores)
1
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment
Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
40,000
2
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
20,000
3
Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)
10,000
4
N RLM/ SGSY
2914
DEPARTMENT OF DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION
Sl.
No
Program
Amount
(crores)
1
National Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP)
9350
2
Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)
1650
DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCES
Sl.
No
Program
Amount
(crores)
1
Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP)
9350

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