Chinese Inventions

Report
Chinese Inventions and Discoveries
History Alive Chapter 18
 The Chinese invented many things,
especially in the years between 200 and
1400 C.E.
 The Chinese excelled in engineering,
mathematics, science and medicine often
discovering and inventing things far beyond
Europe and other parts of the world.
 These advances were in exploration and
travel, industry, military technology,
everyday objects, and disease prevention.
 These discoveries will help people across the
world as cultural diffusion and trade bring
them out of China.
 Several Chinese inventions made exploration
and travel safer and faster.
 The Chinese were the first to invent the
compass, around 3 B.C.E.
 Allowed for long sea voyagers, because you knew
what direction you were going in.
 Made water tight ship compartments.
 Other innovations benefited traders or
improved travel on rivers, lakes, canals, and
bridges inside of China.
 Invented the paddle wheel boat, which was
much faster than paddling a boat.
 Created canal locks to raise and lower water
levels.
 Invented segmental arch bridge which was
stronger and cheaper to build.
 Europe did not learn how to make paper until
approximately 1100 C.E., the Chinese invented paper
in 2 C.E.
 In the 7th century C.E. the Chinese started doing
woodblock printing.
 This is when you carve wood to have raised text, images,
or characters dip them in ink and press it to a piece of
paper.
 This was improved in 1100 C.E. by creating movable
type. Before whole words were carved into wood as
opposed to letters.
 Europe develops this in the 1400s C.E. it is the standard for
printing for nearly 600 years.
 The Chinese invented Porcelain, which is a fine pottery
that Europe did not learn how to make until the 1800s.
Fine dinnerware is still known as “china” today.
 The Chinese also were the first to start creating steel,
there discoveries made the mass production of steel
much easier and cheaper.
 Developed the crossbow.
 In 850 C.E., the Chinese invented
gunpowder, which would revolutionize
warfare.
 First weapon was created in the 10th century,
the flamethrower.
 Between the 11th and 14th centuries,
exploding shells, grenades, rifles, and
cannons.
 Also developed rocket launchers.
 These would fire several arrows at a time,
often exploding on impact with the enemy.
 Playing cards
 Invented around the 9th century.
 Made of thick paper; famous artists would draw
designs for the back.
 Paper money
 A combination of a lack of copper and the need
for an easier way to carry money created paper
money in the late 8th or early 9th centuries C.E.
 Worthless, unless backed by something worth
money.
 Mechanical clock
 First mechanical clock was a wheel that would
rotate fully in 24 hours.
 Was powered by tripping water.
 Every 15 minutes drums would beat, and every
hour a bell would chime.
 Before 1 C.E. the Chinese were thinking of
ways to fight infectious diseases.
 If someone died of an infectious disease, the
Chinese burned a chemical that gave off a
poisonous smoke. They believed this would
destroy what was causing the disease.
 This smoke was a disinfectant.
 During the Song dynasty, the Chinese began
steaming the clothes of sick people.
 Hot temperatures kill many germs.
 Around the 10th Century C.E., the Chinese
started inoculating people against smallpox.
 This is when you expose a person to a small
amount of the disease to build up their immune
system to it.
 This is the same idea as vaccines or flu shots
today.
Work Cited

















http://farm1.static.flickr.com/67/202860283_1ee6c2b4a2.jpg
http://web.fccj.org/~achiang/calligraphy/zhi.jpg
http://knows.jongo.com/UserFiles/Image/technologyjasmine/bow1.jpg
http://www.radio86.co.uk/system/files/images/kiinalainenvarjo.img_assist_custom.main+image.jpg
http://z.about.com/d/inventors/1/G/7/y/compass.jpg
http://www.bnb.be/NR/rdonlyres/832ED7DB-BE45-4392-9ACD-1677CD384391/0/china2.jpg
http://images.replacements.com/images/images5/china/W/wedgwood_chinese_tigers_green_5pc_place_set_
csft_dp_sp_bb_P0000113388S0052T2.jpg
http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1092/721496817_2e68524570.jpg
http://www.engr.sjsu.edu/pabacker/history/images/water.gif
http://zedomax.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/04/paddleboatbmp.jpg
http://z.about.com/d/space/1/0/V/0/1/fire_arrow.gif
http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v259/Sonicscape/Thundercrashbombs.jpg
http://gamesmuseum.uwaterloo.ca/Archives/Wilkinson/fig14.jpg
http://www.scalife.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/08/chinese_flying_money.jpg
http://images.inmagine.com/img/healthhead/unm104/u10954725.jpg
http://journals.prous.com/journals/dnp/20031610/html/dn160698/images/Borchardt_f1.jpg
History Alive! Medieval World and Beyond.

similar documents