Computers in educational administration

Report
Computers in
educational
administration
Role of computers in educational planning
Satish Mishra,PGT CS,KV Tirumalagiri
• PLANNING : Act or Process of making plans.
• PLAN :Predetermined strategy ,detailed scheme for
achieving a target /objective .
• Educational Planning : Process of decision making for
achieving targets with optimum use of resources .
• For decision making we need voluminous amount of data
and need to process it .
• Computers are best suited for data processing task ,
making decision making process easier .
Introduction
• Centralized (e.g. 5 Years plan by planning commission )
• Decentralized ( Guidelines from central ,planning at institution
Level)
• Micro (Smallest viable unit for planning ,Block or Village)
• Macro (Above micro level)
• Strategic (Planning for the total org. over a longer period of
time)
• Operational (short to medium term , focus on immediate and
pressing problems…. Estimated expenditure prepared for
approval from higher ups )
• Budget
• Institutional (Most imp, lowest level, more realistic )
Educational Planning
:Types
Process of educational planning
Understanding
objectives
Problem
definition
Data collection
Data Analysis
Set of
alternative
solution
Collect new
data
Evaluation of
solutions
Identify sub
problem
Feasible
Implement
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Huge data can be stored
Fast data processing creation of information
Helps in decision making
Reduction in number of manpower requirement and time
Secrecy of data can be maintained
Past data and current information can help in better long
term projections for strategic planning
Advantages of use of computers in
educational planning
• Computer based information processing system to record
,store ,process and retrieve data for decision making .
MIS (MANAGEMENT
INFORMATION SYSTEM)
• Operating elements
• Decision support system(programmed,nonprogrammed,semi-programmed)
• Management activity
• Organizational Function
MIS structure
DSS(HMG)
MIS(MMG)
TPS(JMG)
OAS(Clerical)
Levels of information
handling
• Application of MIS in education is not very popular in
India
Role of MIS in educational
planning
• Two or more computers linked together for the purpose of
Information sharing
• LAN,MAN,WAN
Information Network
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Payroll and financial accounting
Student attendance
Student admission details
Inventory management
Staff data recordkeeping
Library management system
Result analysis
Fee collection
Use of computers in
educational admn
• Used for examinations involving large number of
candidates .
• Can monitor amount of time each examinee took to
answer a particular question
• Immediate results
• Grade card preparation
• On demand exam
Test admn
• OMR to database
• MS –EXCEL
• ICR (Intelligent character reader ) software's to convert
handwritten mark list submitted by evaluator to excel .
Test scoring procedures
• Question banks are large database of suitable questions
coded by subject area ,instructional level, instructional
objectives ,difficulty level.
• By using computer based question bank manual process
of question paper setting can be avoided ,which is usually
time consuming and tedious process .
Question banking
• OLS : system of education that does not follow traditional
method which is very restricted in nature .
for e.g. admission restriction ,age restriction ,attendance
restriction ,subject combination restriction etc.
* Extension of traditional system of education
Computers in open
learning system
• Virtual mode : computers for complete cycle from
registration to certification.
• Dual mode : Computers complement one or more
operations .for example student shall opt for one or more
computer based submission of assignment/exams or
paper based.
• Mixed mode : both options exist .computer assisted
methods not compulsory
Computers in open
learning system
• Student centric approach
• Students have a choice to pace their study according to
their own will ,time and pace.
• Webcasts lectures
• Digitized archives
Computers in open
learning system
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Cost
Lack of student motivation
Slow internet
Human resistance to accept change
Computers in open
learning systemProblems
Case studies
• Web based courses offer a new way of delivering content
to the intended audience .
• Interactivity makes a difference between courses that
present information and those who actually train learners
.
Web based courses
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1. Accessibility
2. Clarity
3. focused
4. Consistent interface design
5. Ease of usability
6.No broken links
Web based courses –
Design considerations
• Synchronous – Chat, video conferencing
• Asynchronous – E-mail, Bulletin boards
Web based courses –
forms of interaction

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