Sub Plans - eNigeria 2014

Evaluation of Sectorial Implementation
of ICT4D Plan in Nigeria
Presentation at eNigeria 2014 International Conference organized by the
National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA)
Jide Awe
CEO Jidaw Systems
18 – 20 November, 2014 at the
Transcorp Hilton, Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria
Presentation Overview
Why Evaluation?
Implementation Status Overview Sub-Plans
Sub-Plans: Notable Initiatives
• The National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA)
facilitated the development of the Nigeria ICT4D Strategic Action Plan in
recognition of the crucial role that ICTs play in facilitating socioeconomic development
• The plan was developed through a multistakeholder consultative and
participatory process within the context of realizing the Federal
Government of Nigeria’s strategic vision of making Nigeria one of the
top 20 economies in the world, by year 2020 through the development
of an information and knowledge-based economy and society
• The plan was approved by H.E. the President, Dr Goodluck E. Jonathan
in Council and launched in June 2010 during the eNigeria 2010
International Conference, with a policy statement that all agencies must
implement their areas of the ICT4D Plan.
• The plan consists of 11 Sub-Plans representing the 11 Pillars of the Plan.
Each Sub-Plan is made up of Programmes and Plan-Actions
Why Evaluation?
• Ongoing implementation, developments in ICT and related activities in
the country since the plan’s approval
• Essential to ascertain progress made by the plan and its effectiveness in
ensuring quality leverage on ICT to achieve inclusive growth, foster
global competitiveness and sustainable development in Nigeria
• To recognize implementation strengths and weaknesses as well as
review ICT4D policy performance in Nigeria which improves
transparency and accountability in policy-making
• Strengthens the ICT4D policy development process and ensuring ICT
efforts, resources and investments are value driven and applied
efficiently, effectively, and transparently to drive inclusive development
and achieve Nigeria’s socio-economic goals and vision
• To propose recommendations on future steps and actions for the
strategic ICT4D plan process in Nigeria - serving as a basis for policy
revision and update in line with NITDA’s mandate
Baseline Indicators
To Effect Outcomes
Of Households
Business, Govt
To Guide IKE Dev
Policy & Plan
To Achieve Goal
Core Indicators
Specific Indicators
[Indicators: Monitoring and
Measuring Impact (‘effect’) of
Core Indicators
Specific Indicators
[Indicators: Monitoring &
Measuring the impact of IKE
Dev on H’holds, B’ness, Govt]
Core Indicators
Specific Indicators
Implementation Status Overview: Sub Plans
• The plan consists of 11 Sub-Plans representing the 11 Pillars of the Plan:
Human Resource Development, Electronic Government, ICT
Infrastructure Development, ICTs in Education, ICTs in Health, ICT
Awareness and Popularization, Agriculture Sector Development, Private
Sector Development, Governance and Legislation Framework, National
Security and Law Enforcement, Research and Development. Each SubPlan is made up of Programmes and Plan-Actions
• Experienced ICT4D resource persons gathered implementation status
information through the activities of specific frontline ministries and
strategic stakeholders and documentation in identified critical areas
with a view to highlighting progress and achievements, while also
throwing light on areas requiring attention in each of the sub-plans
• Programmes were assessed in terms of implementation objectives,
relevance and impact with respect to the strategic vision
• For each sub-plan specific notable initiatives are identified and assessed
National Security and Law and Order
Legal, Regulatory, and Institutional
a Globally
Competitive ValueFramework
& Environment
Added Services Sector
Promoting Foreign and Local Direct
Investment Drive in ICTs
Promoting ICT Deployment and Social
Sectors: Education, Health, and
Promoting Research & Development (R&D)
Promoting the Development of ECommerce
Developing Key Sectors of the Economy;
Agriculture, Services and Industry
Government Administration and Service
Delivery - Promoting E-Government
Promoting Universal Access and Service
Human Resource Development
ICT and Enabling Physical Infrastructure
Defining the Policy Space
Status Overview: Sub Plans 1
Sub plan
Notable Initiatives
Electronic Government Increased digital presence in
government, impact should be
Government websites,, Government
Services Portal and
National e Identity Card
ICTs in Education
Growth but issues of capacity,
inclusion , Internet access
National IT Standards
ICT Infrastructure
Mixed bag of huge teledensity
improvement but last mile
connectivity, Quality and
Power issues
Landing of broadband
fibre-optic submarine
cables, Broadband Plan
ICTs in Health
Gains from collaboration with
stakeholders, Network quality
ICT4SOML, Abiye Safe
Motherhood, Nafdac,
HIV/AIDs Call center
Human Resource
Immense increase as
awareness has grown overall
capacity building level is still
not enough to make significant
NITDA’s Postgraduate
Scholarship Awards, CPN IT
education accreditation,
Naija Cloud Plan, OAU
Software Centre
Status Overview: Sub Plans 2
Sub plan
Notable Initiatives
Private Sector
Growth in e-payment and efinance impact. Jobs have
been created and investment
attracted. Slow mobile money
uptake, weak legislative
protection, cybercrime,
infrastructure, quality and
power supply issues are
concerns. Local industry
capacity is still weak
Cashless CBN and NIBSS
policies and initiatives,
Large online stores
Nigerian Content
Guidelines. iDEA, Fund,
Techlaunchpad, ISPON
Software initiatives,
Incubation initiatives
Agriculture Sector
More farmers supported than
ever. Improved food security.
Concerns of inclusion ,
Internet penetration
Growth Enhancement
Scheme (GES), eAgriculture Portal
ICT Awareness and
Most of the increase has been
through the media. Issues
with Rural exclusion and
Specialized ICT reporting.
Training initiatives for
Women in ICT, Academics,
Traditionally excluded
Status Overview: Sub Plans 3
Sub plan
Notable Initiatives
Governance and
Legislation Framework
Growth in providing
governance framework but
enactment of relevant laws
has been slow.
Federal Ministry of
Technology (FMCT)
State ICT Policies
National Security and
Law Enforcement
Increase in use of ICT in
security but needs to be
deepened, capacities need to
be enhanced to meet
terrorism threats. Absence of
legislation affects
Computer Emergency
Readiness Response Team
Nigeria E-Fraud Forum
Lagos State Emergency
Call Center and related
Research and
Increased use of ICT to
improve research
collaboration and outcomes.
Funding and scaling up
Nigerian Research and
Education Network
Eko-Konnect Research and
Education Network
NCS IT Research Fund
Status Overview: Sub Plans 4
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
Electronic Government Sub Plan
facilitating government administration and service delivery, including the promotion
of electronic government and governance initiatives
Title of Initiative: Government Services Portal
Implementation Agency/Organization: Ministry of Communication Technology
The portal is part of the Ministry’s “Getting Government Online ”initiatives aims to be a
services single window portal that makes all government information available to
citizens, businesses, investors and other interested parties. It is described as a one-stop
shop for all who desire to interact and engage with the Federal Government on any
service provided through the MDAs.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
eGov -1 Provide simplified public services through the use of ICT
eGOV-2 Facilitating Information Provision & Dissemination of Government Information
Comments: Transforming the way government operates. Confers sense of participation
in governance on citizen. It should connect to development priority issues such as job
creation, education, health, etc. Emphasis should further be placed on a consultative
approach, and encouragement of engagement and regular updates. Inclusive impact is
presently limited by infrastructure constraints (power supply, internet availability).
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
ICT Infrastructure Development Sub-Plan
promoting infrastructure development including physical and the telecommunications
and communications infrastructure
Title of Initiative: Landing of Broadband Fibre-Optic Submarine Cables
Implementation Agency/Organization: Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC)
Before 2009, Nigeria largely depended on the challenging South Atlantic 3 (SAT-3) (South Atlantic 3/West Africa Submarine Cable) for wholesale broadband provision.
Since 2009, several organizations have submarine cable on the shores of the country to
expand available options and gain the benefits of competition in the wholesale
broadband market.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
Making ICT Infrastructure accessible and affordable
INFR – 4.01
Backbone Interconnect
Comments: Estimated to have attracted a total of over $2 billion investment in the last
five years. However, there is an absence of internal “last mile” connectivity within the
country. Nigeria’s submarine cable capacity utilization rate is less than 10 percent. The
promise of significantly cheaper bandwidth for subscribers has not materialized
although costs have come down slightly in the wholesale market. There is massive
opportunity and huge untapped opportunity through wholesale broadband provision
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
Human Resource Development Sub-Plan
promoting human resource development
Title of Initiative: Annual IT Postgraduate Scholarship Scheme
Implementation Agency/Organization: National Information Technology Development
Started in 2010 resulted in the award of postgraduate scholarships in relevant
Information Technology field of studies abroad in 2011. Awards go to 6 candidates
chosen for the Doctorate degree programme (1 award per geographical zone) and 72
for the Master’s degree programme (2 awards per state). Each Masters Degree award is
for twelve months, while each Doctorate degree award is for three years.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
HRD-1 Programme to promote and facilitate HRD in Nigeria using ICT
HRD-1.12 eLabourForce
Comments: Has been regular and sustained by NITDA. Doctorate awards went this year
to university lecturers. Needs to be scaled up for more impact. Beyond the award, there
should be monitoring of the impact beneficiaries have had after graduation as well as
publicity on success stories during their studies and after graduation. Outstanding
achievements should be celebrated. A web portal can be established for networking,
publicity and information sharing.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
ICTs in Education Sub-Plan
promoting ICTs in education targeting all levels of the educational system from
primary to university level
Title of Initiative: National Standards for IT Education
Implementation Agency/Organization: Federal Ministry of Education
Provides IT education standards for teachers, students, educational administrators and
other education stakeholders. Includes IT education standards for Early Childhood Care
Education, basic education, post basic education, NCE awarding institutions, enterprise
institutions, polytechnic education, diploma, national diploma, universities, etc
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
Programme to promote and facilitate the training of selected
teachers and administrators in Nigerian schools on ICT education
Programme to promote and facilitate a compulsory ICT driven
curriculum for primary, secondary and tertiary institutions in Nigeria
Comments: Ongoing implementation is creating awareness about the importance of IT
education at all levels. Better sharing of the standards with all stakeholders in IT and
Education, with public awareness for students and parents. Entire education system
needs to be restructured to embrace knowledge economy realities. Regular review is
important to maintain relevance. Challenges of power inadequacy and ICT infrastructure
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
ICTs in Health Sub-Plan
promoting the use of ICTs to transform the health sector
Title of Initiative: ICT4SOML: Leveraging ICTs to Save the Lives of One Million Women
and Children in Nigeria
Implementation Agency/Organization: Federal Ministry of Health
The ICT4SOML project which comprises of the UN Foundation, Intel, GSMA, the Saving
One Million Lives office and other key partners in Nigeria works with the Federal
Ministry of Health's ability to utilize ICTs to achieve SOML in a planned and organized
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
HS-2.2 The Federal Ministry of Health is to deploy various telemedicine services –
telediagnosis, telepharmacy, teleradiology, teleconsultation, etc.
HS-3.1 The federal government is to ensure the creation of a comprehensive
database of Health Sector Resources – Facilities and Personnel as part of the National
Health Information System.
Comments: Health ICT Project Inventory for Nigeria has been developed along with a
report on the Enabling Environment for ICTs for Health in Nigeria. Efforts are now on
advocating/facilitating a National Health ICT Framework to guide ehealth and mhealth
activities. Spread awareness amongst stakeholders as they need to be on board.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
ICT Awareness and Popularization Sub-Plan
promoting the use of ICT to meet social, commercial and educational needs of all
especially the traditionally excluded and those in rural and under-served communities
Title of Initiative: Specialized ICT Reporting and Media
Implementation Agency/Organization: Various (Media Houses, NITDA, etc)
ICT awareness has increased through specialized ICT reporting which has grown from
reports in a weekly page in a few newspapers reports in weekly columns and sections in
nearly all newspapers, ICT magazines, ICT TV shows and Online media resources.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
ICTPD-1 Programme for Institutional popularization and deployment
ICTPD-2 Programme for Community based popularization and deployment
Comments: Capacity building programmes have been organized for ICT journalists in
Nigeria by the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), the National Information
Technology Development Agency (NITDA), Zinox Technologies, Microsoft and other
stakeholders. Specialized ICT Reporting and Media Associations have also been setup.
Government and industry stakeholders should collaborate more with specialized ICT
reporting and media associations. These associations should be regarded as important
partners in the ICT4D process. Capacity building initiatives should be expanded and
scaled up to increase the number of journalists benefitting.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
Agriculture Sector Development Sub-Plan
promoting the use of ICTs to transform the agricultural sector
Title of Initiative: Growth Enhancement Support (GES) Scheme
Implementation Agency/Organization: Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
Development (FMARD)
The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development works with a mobile
commerce company in the provision of technology platform that enables accredited
farmers to receive fertilizer allocations and related information through their mobile
phones. Scheme entails massive overhaul of national fertiliser and seed supply system,
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
AGRIC-3 Use ICTs to Modernise Agriculture for Increased Productivity
AGRIC-6 Use ICTs to Promote Private Participation in Agriculture
Comments: Has significantly improved the access of farmers to subsidized seeds and
fertilizers, and ended over forty years of corruption in government fertilizer subsidy
scheme. New private sector investments in fertilizer manufacturing ($5 billion within
the past three years) have been attracted. Ongoing plans to expand the scope of the
GES to cover all agriculture services should be intensified. Challenges include limited
network coverage of rural areas and quality of network services. The scheme’s
sustainability issues as well as the building of in-house capacity must also be addressed.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
Private Sector Development Sub-Plan
supporting the development of the private sector including promoting the use of ICTs
to support sectorial development, including key economic sectors
Title of Initiative: Cashless Policy of Nigeria
Implementation Agency/Organization: Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)
The key CBN policy initiative driving e-payments penetration in Nigeria encourages the
increased utilization of e-payment channels such as: Point-Of-Sale Systems, online
payments, Internet Banking ATMs Electronic Funds Transfer Direct Debits.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
PS-03.5 Enhancing National Payment Systems and Infrastructure
PS-03.11 Promotion of e-banking and online financial services
Comments: The initiative has made the payment systems more efficient through the
improvement of speed of transactions and the arising cost reduction to customers. Jobs
have been created and a culture of digitally enabled activities is gradually emerging.
However, financial inclusion, mobile money, information security and legislation all
require more attention. The challenge now is to ensure the improvement of payment
and banking systems transforms the nation in an inclusive and sustainable manner.
Legislation and capacity building within the industry are also issues.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
Private Sector Development Sub-Plan
supporting the development of the private sector including promoting the use of ICTs
to support sectorial development, including key economic sectors
Title of Initiative: National Software Conference and Competition
Implementation Agency/Organization: Institute of Software Practitioners of Nigeria
Organized annually with the Cross River State, the conferences promote software
development and entrepreneurship. The conference usually attracts global IT
professionals, business community, academia, NGOs, stakeholders and distinguished
resource persons and facilitators who are world experts and champions in software
engineering. The National Software Competition featuring teams from Nigerian Tertiary
Institution is a major highlight.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
PS-08.10 Capacity building for Software development
PS-08.12 Encouraging Innovation and entrepreneurship in Software Development
Comments: The first National Software Conference and Competition was held inat the
Tinapa Business Resort, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria from 26th – 28th October,
2011. The national annual event provides participants with a wide range for networking,
educational, career and business opportunities. The consistent support of the Cross
River state Government is evidence of collaborative partnership that works.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
Governance and Legislation Framework Sub-Plan
creating the necessary legal and regulatory environment to support the development,
deployment and exploitation of ICTs within the economy and society
Title of Initiative: Establishment of the Federal Ministry of Communication Technology
Implementation Agency/Organization: Federal Government of Nigeria
The Federal Ministry of Communication Technology was established in 2011 by the
administration of His Excellency, President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan to facilitate the
transformation of Nigeria into a digital economy. Agencies under the Federal Ministry of
Communication Technology are: Nigerian Communications Commission, National
Information Technology Development Agency, Nigerian Postal Services, Nigerian
Communications Satellite and Galaxy Backbone
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
LRG -1 Initiatives to promote and facilitate ICT policy implementation, coordination,
monitoring, evaluation and regulation
Initiatives to establish the necessary regulatory environment for the
promotion and development of an ICT driven knowledge based economy
Comments: Raises ICT visibility and in working towards the digital transformation of
Nigeria, the Ministry’s four areas of strategic focus are: Connect Nigeria, Connect
Nigerians, Local Content and ICT in Government.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
National Security and Law Enforcement Sub-Plan
addressing national security and law and order issues through the exploitation of ICTs
Title of Initiative: Lagos State Emergency Communication and Command Centre and
Implementation Agency/Organization: Lagos State Government
Lagos State became the first state to introduce dedicated, toll-free (767 and 112) call
centre lines for emergency government services in 2009. The 3-digit number facilities
lines were created to enhance quick communication with security agencies and other
emergency services (fire, medical, rescue, etc) during accidents and other crisis periods.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
A Modern ICT driven National Security Work Environment
Improved Inter-Agency Cooperation and Collaboration
Comments: Gradual capacity improvements enabled the provision of 24 hours, 7 days a
week service in July 2010. The law passed in February 2014 establishes the Lagos State
Emergency Command and Control Centre as well as the designated 112 and 767 as
emergency lines, regulates the making of telephone calls to the centre and specifies
penalties (fines, jail terms) for false and irrelevant calls to the emergency numbers.
Working with a local firm, the successful public project is an example of pro-citizen
innovation that works with the Police, Fire, Traffic, and Ambulance Services.
Sub-Plans and Notable Initiatives
Research and Development Sub-Plan
promoting research and development (R&D)
Title of Initiative: Establishment of IT Research and Education Fund
Implementation Agency/Organization: Nigeria Computer Society (NCS)
A Research and Education Scholarship Fund has been instituted by the Nigeria
Computer Society (NCS) to support Information Technology educational and research
development in the country. The launching of the Fund took place in December 2013
during the National Information Technology Merit Awards (NITMA). Though the bulk of
funding is presently by NCS, a few individuals and corporate bodies have also made
some financial contributions to the fund.
Relevant Nigerian Strategic ICT4D Plan Programmes
R & D – 1.08
Establishing A National Research Coordinating Agency/Fund
R & D – 1.11
Investment in R & D
Comments: Encouragement of IT research is fundamental to developing a knowledge
economy. Funding capacity limits the impact of this initiative. Scope should be
expanded beyond the numerous members of Nigeria Computer Society. increased
funding with assistance by the relevant government organs.
• Outcomes in the e-payment, e-commerce landscape have been among
the most outstanding in terms of investments, jobs, culture changes.
Holds huge promise for the nation’s large youthful populace
• Level of local content in major projects is still quite low. Capacity
building levels not sufficient to drive the needed transformation.
Prospects in software entrepreneurship, capacity building and local
content guidelines initiatives for increasing local participation in
industry and advancing the local economy.
• Though impressive implementation results in telecom infrastructure
have significantly attracted significant investments and created jobs,
overall adequacy is still an issue
• Infrastructure inadequacies in network quality and broadband
penetration as well as in power supply continue to hamper
implementation prospects of other sub-plans and overall inclusion
Observations … contd
• Quite a few implementation agencies have no working plan for
monitoring, data analysis and knowledge management for ICT4D
strategic action plan initiatives. There is often a disconnect from the
overall plan and in communication with NITDA
• Implementation progress is weak throughout the plan in areas relating
to legislation for the ICT environment. Lack of a comprehensive legal
framework for ICT does not help the cause of ICT investment and ICT
for development. New cybersecurity legislation may hold promise
• Implementation has been above average on an overall basis. Despite
challenges, the Federal Ministry of Communication Technology and
NITDA have provided strong and visionary leadership and support
• Several plan actions developed in the Year 2010 are already outdated
and do not reflect the present reality of available technologies as well
as socio-economic developments in the country. A number of initiatives
assessed in this report were captured mainly due to relevance, impact
and alignment with the vision of the Strategic ICT4D plan
The ‘Dual’ Focus
ICT Industry
ICT Sector
ICT Service
ICT infrastructure
ICT as ‘Enabler’ of
• A lot has been achieved through the implementation of the ICT4D
strategic action plan programmes and initiatives. A lot however still
remains to be done to achieve the strategic vision behind the plan
• Infrastructure provision implementation should be sustained and highly
prioritized in all aspects of ICT development especially with achieving
the targets of the National Broadband Plan and power supply adequacy
• As a matter of urgency a working group including stakeholders in the
public and private sectors should be set up and coordinated by FMCT
and NITDA to fast track the enactment of draft ICT bills
• Strategic and systematic plan implementation of ICT enabled initiatives
to hinder new forms of terrorism and national security threats.
• Exceptional achievements in innovation supporting digital literacy, job
creation, local content development in ICT, software entrepreneurship,
inclusion, youth empowerment, digital gender mainstreaming, research
should be encouraged, celebrated and scaled up. Explore strategic
partnerships for faster, sustainable results.
Recommendations … contd
• Public awareness should be strategically raised on ICT4D strategic
action plan activities. A wide range of forums, media and resources
should be used to encourage, sustain and support ICT4D efforts
• Mobile technology should be embraced at all levels to leverage on
Nigeria’s improving teledensity for strong growth, financial and digital
inclusion - development of feasible and sustainable mobile initiatives
relating to mobile money, mEducation, mHealth, mAgriculture, etc
• In its coordinating role, NITDA should ensure that implementing
agencies develop knowledge management practices, plans and
resources in fulfilling their IT governance responsibilities
• The National Strategic ICT4D plan launched in year 2010 should be
reviewed and updated building on the current plan and an assessment
of current national socio-economic development policies, strategies,
challenges and issues as well as ICT developments and trends in Nigeria
and globally - based on best practices and efficient and effective
multistakeholder participation and consultation
• In evaluating sectorial implementation of ICT4D plan, achievement of
the Federal Government’s Transformation Agenda and various socioeconomic development programmes aimed at positioning Nigeria
amongst the 20 leading economies in the world by year 2020 through
the development of an information and knowledge-based economy and
society was the overarching and guiding perspective
• Despite the challenges and obstacles in the environment, findings
indicate the substantial progress that has been made, as well as the
huge potential and promise in strategic ICT development for Nigeria and
the Nigerian people. It is expected that the observations will be noted
and analyzed and that the recommendations will be followed and
implemented in a synchronized manner as intended
• ICTs for social inclusiveness, accelerated development, economic
growth; national prosperity; and global competitiveness is about the
future of Nigeria. NITDA’s role is pivotal and historic in coordinating
Nigeria’s ICT4D initiatives and efforts to transform the nation
Thank you for your attention
Jide Awe
CEO Jidaw Systems
"Technology matters, but it is always about PEOPLE"
18 – 20 November, 2014 at the
Transcorp Hilton, Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria

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