Lesson one Bring the Pot and Try Your luck

Lesson one
Bring the Pot and Try Your luck
1. prepare
Father is preparing dinner for us in the kitchen.
• Prepare 東西 for 人
The teacher has done so much
preparation for the class.
• Do 動詞三態:do did done
• Has(have)+done完成式
補充:do (make) preparation
Henry ___ a lot of food ___ the hungry
children in the asylum(避難所).
We should work together(一起) to ____
the coming typhoon.
Jane is making dough(麵團) in ___ ___
making doughnuts(甜甜圈).
• 2. guest
• We must get the dinner ready before the guests arrive.
• 客人到之前,我們必須把晚餐準備好.
• get 東西 ready
• 把東西準備好
• 練習:
• The waiter is showing the ___ to their seats(座位).
• show you around (帶你參觀.)
• 例:I will show you around the kitchen later.
• 我等一下會帶你參觀廚房.
• 3. host 主人
• The host of the party welcomed his guests with a smile.
• 宴會主人臉帶笑容地歡迎它的客人.
• The host of the party宴會的主人
• 例:The role of the teacher
• 老師的角色
• 例:The love of a mother
• 母親的愛
• with 有,具有,帶有
• 練習:
• My grandfather is the ___ at the family gathering(聚會).
• 4. surprise 驚奇,驚喜
• Close your eyes. I have a surprise for you!
• 把你眼睛閉上.我要給你一個驚喜.
• Polly surprised her mother by making her a birthday card.
• Polly 為母親做了一張生日卡,令她很驚奇.
• By making+ 人+東西
• 介係詞+Ving
By 表示方式:
例: The house is heated(加熱) by
例: I will contact(聯絡) you by letters(信).
To Sb.’s surprise 使某人吃驚
例: To Hermione’s ___, Ron showed up(出現 ) at
the party.
例: Ron ___ Hermione by suddenly(突然地)
appearing(出現) out of (來自) nowhere.
例: We are surprised ___ Kate’s marriage(結婚)
to William.
• 5. joyful 喜悅的
• Christmas is a joyful time of the year. People get together and have
• 聖誕節是一年中的歡樂時光.人聚在一起並且玩得開心.
• A joyful time of the year
• 一年中的歡樂時光
• Get together 聚在一起
• Have fun 玩得開心
• We had a very ___ reunion(團聚) of all the family last weekend.
• Reunion of all the family
• 全家人團聚
6. awkward 尷尬的
I felt awkward after I told everyone a bad joke. No one
Feel 動詞三態: feel felt felt
Tell動詞三態: tell told told
Tell +人 +事
Tell +事+to+人
I told a bad joke to everyone.
It is ___ to ask a lady about her age.
• 7. assign 分配,指派
• The teacher assigned some new homework to the
• 老師分配了一些新的作業給學生.
• Assign+ 東西+to+ 人
• Assign+人+東西
• My boss ___ me the task(工作) of giving an oral
• Assignment (指派的) 工作,任務
• I still have two reading assignments to finish by
this Friday.
• 這星期五之前,我還有兩個讀書作業要完成.
• By 在…之前
• Can you finish the work by five o’clock(五點前)?
• I will have it done(做完) by tomorrow(明天前).
• Our ___ is to visit museums(參觀博物館).
• 8. rest 其餘的人,剩餘的部分
• One of the guests has to leave soon, but the rest are
staying for the weekend.
• 客人中的一位很快就必須離開,但其他客人這週末還會
• One of the guests 客人中的一位
• Has to 必須
• For 表示一段(安排好的時間)
• For 表示一段時間or (安排好的)時間
• I am going away(離開)for a few days.
• We are invited(被邀請) for 7:30.
• I’ll have some of the pizza, and the rest is for you.
• 我將吃一些披薩,其餘的給你.
• Some of the pizza 披薩其中的一些
• For 表示 給予
• There is a letter(信) for you.
• 例:My mother always finishes(吃完) what the ___ of us do not eat for
• 例:You look tired(看起來很累). Maybe(也許) you need(需要) some ___.
• 9. originally 起初,原來
• Originally, we planned to go to Japan, but then we won the trip to
• 起初,我們計畫要去日本,但後來我們贏得了泰國之旅.
• Win動詞三態:win won won
• The original price of the car was too high. It is much cheaper now.
• 這輛車原先的價格太高.現在便宜多了.
• The original price of the car
• 這輛車的原來價格
Much cheaper 便宜多了
much better 好多了
Much the worst 糟透了
• Darwin wrote many books about the origins of life on earth.
• 達爾文寫了許多有關地球生命起源的書.
• Write動詞三態write wrote written
• The origins of life
• 生命的起源
• 例: ___, I planned to go mountain climbing(爬山), but it
suddenly(突然地) rained.
• 例:Jane Austen’s house has been preserved(保留) with(具有)
many of its ____ features(特色).
• 例:The ___ of the use of paper is unclear(不清楚). People have
different theories(理論).
• The use of paper紙的使用
• 10. unexpected 出乎預料的
• Lady Gaga is always full of surprises. She does unexpected
things and wears strange clothes.
• Lady Gaga總是充滿驚奇.她做令人難以預料的事,且穿奇怪
• full of 充滿
• Do unexpected things 做無法預料的事
• Jenny fainted(昏倒) when she learned of(知道) her brother’s
death(死) in an ___ accident(車禍)
• Jenny 在得知她哥哥死於意外車禍後,他昏了過去.
• Olivia ___ Cesario to visit(拜訪) her tomorrow. She can’t
wait(等不及) to see him again
• 11. fair 市集,博覽會,公平的
• There will be a book fair in the public library this weekend.
• 下週末在公立圖書館獎有書展.
It’s not fair for me to do all the cleaning. You should help, too!
• There will be 將有…
• For 就…而言
• For me 對我來說
• Spring clean 大掃除
• 例:Sarah wants to know if you will visit the Scarborough ___ again.
• It is not ___ to make(叫) jack do all the work.
• 12. secret 秘密的, 秘密
• The host left the house through a secret door.
• 主人經由一道密門離開房子.
• Leave動詞三態:leave left left
• Through 藉著
• You can only achieve(獲得)success(成功) through hard work(努力工作).
• There should be no secrets between true friends.
• 真正的朋友之間應無秘密.
• There should be 應該有/ There will be 將有
• Between 在…之間
• I sat down(坐下)between Jo and Diana.
• 例:Details(細節) of James Bond’s project(計畫) remain (仍然是)___.
• 例:Please tell me the ___ of making good jam(果醬).
• 13. recipe 食譜
• These cakes and cookies are yummy. Can I have your
recipe for them?
• 這些蛋糕及餅乾很好吃.
• 你能給我它們的食譜嗎?
For 供,給
This is the place for me.
I got a new table for the dining room(餐室).
例:Annie’s family ___ has been handed down(傳下來) for
many generations(代).
• 1. invite sb over 邀請某人來
• Lily plans to invite some friends over for her birthday party.
• Lily 打算邀一些好友到家裡參加她的生日派對
陶然遺萬累. )
• For 因為,由於
• She gave me a watch for my birthday.
• 例:Dean ___ his classmates ___ to celebrate(慶祝) Christmas.
• 2. Come up with 想出,找到
• George came up with a great plan to save money.
• George想出一個省錢的方法.
• Come 的動詞三態: come came come
• Young people often ___ ___ ___many fresh(新鮮的) ideas.
• 3. in fact 事實上
• I thought the test would be difficult, but in fact, it was easy.
• 我以為測驗會很難,但事實上,它很簡單.
• Think 的動詞三態:think thought thought
• 例:Sharon may seem(似乎) to dislike(不喜歡) Peter, but ___
___, she loves Peter secretly.
• 4. throw out 丟棄,拋棄
• Andy never throws out his old toys.
• Andy 從不丟棄他的舊玩具.
• 例:Don’t ___ ___ the bottles(水瓶). They can be recycled(被回收).
• 5. show up 出現
• The superstar showed up at the party unexpectedly and later left
• 這超級巨星出乎預料地出現在宴會中,之後有秘密地離開了.
• Unexpectedly(副詞) 出乎預料地
• Unexpected (形容詞)出乎預料的
• An unexpected visitor
• 例:A lot of fans(粉絲) crowded(聚集) around the airport(機場), and
waited for their idol(偶像) to ___ ___
• “What do you want for dinner?” Cathy asked her friend on the
• 凱西在電話中問她朋友,”晚餐你想吃甚麼?”
• On the phone 用電話
• 例:The information is available(可獲得的) on the Internet.
• The program(節目) is on Channel(頻道) 19.
• What is on TV?
• She was inviting friends over for a New Year’s Party.
• 她正在邀請朋友到家參加新年派對.
• for 表示一段(預定的)時間
• I have an appointment(約會) for October 10.
She was excited about the gathering and wanted to plan a big
• 她對這聚會感到興奮, 並打算準備一頓豐盛的晚宴.
• Excite動詞三態: excite excited excited
• 動詞過去分詞是形容詞表示完成或被動
• 完成式: have(has)+過去分詞
• 被動式: be(am, is, are, was, were)+過去分詞
• Excited(感到)興奮的,激動的
• An excited crowd(群眾) of people gathered(聚集) around her.
• Exciting令人興奮的,激動的(現在分詞也是形容詞)
• This is an exciting story
• However, it was tiring for her to prepare everything by herself.
• 然而,一個人要打點一切可會累壞她.
• tiring 令人疲累的
• Tired感到疲累的
• By herself 靠她自己
• She finally came up with a good idea• a potluck party!
• 最後,她想到了一個好點子—百樂餐.
• finally 最後
• Final 決賽,期末考
• At the finals, they lost(輸) to Germany.
• He failed(不及格) his finals.
• At a potluck party, each guest brings a dish to share, so the
host doesn’t have to do all the work.
• 在百樂餐會中,每位客人帶一道菜與大家共享,所以主人不
• Have to 必須
• Each 每一個
• Every 每一個
• Each answer(答案) is worth(價值) 20 points(分).
• He knows every student in the school.
• The guest can cook his or her dish, or bring storebought food.
• 客人可以自己煮菜,或帶商店買的食物來.
Store-bought 商店裡買的
Sun-dried 曬乾的
Sun-drenched 充滿陽光的
awe-inspiring 令人驚嘆的
Meat-eating 吃肉的
Absent-minded 心不在焉
Light-hearted 輕鬆的
Heavy-hearted 悲傷
• There will be many kinds of dishes, and each dish can be a
• 將有很多種類的菜,而每一道菜都可能是個驚奇.
• There will be 將有
• (Many) kinds of +東西
• 很多種類的…
• What kind of house do you live in?你住哪種房?
• They sell all kinds of things.他們賣各種東西.
• However, some surprises are not so joyful.
• 然而,有些驚奇不是令人那麼愉快的.
• When two or more guests bring the same dishes, they
may feel awkward.
• 當有兩位或更多客人帶來相同的菜時,他們可能感到
• The same 相同的
Feel awkward 感到尷尬
Feel happy
Feel sad
Feel sorry
Feel better
Feel guilty(犯罪的)
Feel faint (頭暈的
• So, it is important for the host to do some planning before the party.
• 所以,對主人來說,派對前,做一些安排是重要的.
• For 對…來說
• 句型: It is +形容詞+for 人 +to V
• For example, the host can ask some guests to prepare salad and pasta, and
assign others to bring pizza and fried chicken.
• 例如,主人可要求一些客人準備沙拉和義大利麵, 分配給其他人帶披薩
• Assign 人 to V… 分配某人做…
• Assign others to bring
• 分配其他人帶…
• Fried chicken 炸雞 (分詞是形容詞)
• Pan-fried chicken用平鍋煎的雞
• The rest can make tiramisu and puddings.
• 其他的人可以做提拉米蘇吉布丁.
• In fact, a potluck was not originally a party.
• 事實上,百樂餐原先並不是一種餐會.
• The word comes from the Middle ages.
• 這個字起源於中世紀.
• At that time, people did not throw out leftovers.
• 在那時,人不會丟棄剩菜.
• In 表示一段期間
• In spring/summer/autumn
• In the morning/afternoon
• At 表示在某一時刻
• At that time 在那時
• Throw out 丟掉
• Throw off 匆匆脫掉
• They kept them warm in a pot for unexpected guests.
• 他們把剩菜放在鍋裡保溫,以招待不速之客.
• Keep動詞三態: keep kept kept
• Keep 保持
Keep warm保溫
Keep off 勿踏草地
Keep left 靠左走
Keep balance 保持平衡
Keep you waiting 讓你久等
Keep going 繼續走
• An expected guest 期待的客人
• An unexpected guest 不速之客
• So when guests showed up at someone’s house, they tried the
“luck of the pot,” and had anything in it.
• 所以,當客人出現在某人家裡時,他們就品嘗鍋裡的運氣,吃鍋裡
• Show up 出現
• At 表示在某處
• At someone’s house在某人家
• Try 試,試用,試吃,試驗
• Luck of the pot 鍋裡的運氣
• Have(has)動詞三態: have(has) had had
• Have(has) 吃
• Had anything in it
• 吃鍋裡的任何東西
• A potluck is like a small food fair.
• 百樂餐會就像一個小的食物博覽會
• Like 像
• When guests prepare their dishes, they hope their food is the
most popular.
• 當客人準備他們的菜時,他們希望他們的食物是最受歡迎
• Hope+(that) 子句
• I hope (that) you are OK.
• Hope +for 希望,期待
• We are hoping for good weather(天氣) on Sunday.
• They may prepare their grandma’s secret recipe.
• 他們可能準備他們祖母的私房菜.
• Or, the dish may even come from a top-rated restaurant!
• 或者,這些菜甚至可能來自頂級的餐廳.
• Even甚至 (強調用語)
• A five-star restaurant
• 五星級餐廳
• A top-rated restaurant
• 頂級餐廳
• Eating is an interesting experience at a potluck
• 在百樂餐會中,吃是一種有趣的經驗.
• Eating 是由動詞eat變化而來,它當主詞用,是動名
詞, 動名詞是名詞.
• Interesting 也是由動詞interest變化而來,但它是
• Interesting people 有趣的人
• Interesting places有趣的地方
• Interesting work有趣的工作
• Next time you plan a party, why not try a potluck?
• 下次你要計畫一個派對時,何不試試百樂餐會呢?
• Next time+S+V…下次…
• Why not +原形動詞
• 例:Next time you wear the dress, try to match it with
white shoes.
• 下次你穿這衣服時,試試用白色鞋來配它.
• 文法一
• S+Vi
• 若動詞本身語意完整,不需有受詞(O) 來接受該動作,這類
• It is raining.
• The baby cries.
• He sleeps.
• S+Vt+O
• 反之,若動詞須加受詞,才能表達完整意思,這類動詞稱為”
及物動詞(Vt), 如 invite, buy, find等.
• I invite him.
• She buys food.
• Mary finds it.
• S+Vi 後面可加修飾詞,如副詞,介係詞片語,以擴充
• S+Vt+O 受詞可為名詞,代名詞,不定詞,動名詞,名詞
• 例:
• The word “potluck” comes from the middle ages(中
• Cathy wanted to plan a big dinner. (不定詞做受詞)
• At a potluck party, each guest brings a dish to
• The guests hope (that) their food is the most
• 文法二
• It is/was+Adj (+for人)+to V
• 1. 此句型用來描述某個行為的狀態或情形.
• 2. 句子真正的主詞是to V,但為了避免主詞過長, 多用
虛主詞it 代替,而將真正的主詞移至句尾.
• It is/was +Adj+to V
• 表示”做某件事是…的”
• It is/was +Adj +for人+to V
• 強調”對某人而言,做某件事是…的”
• 例:
• It is dangerous(危險) to swim(游泳) here.
• it was tiring(令人疲累的) for Cathy to prepare
everything by herself(獨自).
• It is important(重要的) for the host to do
some planning(計畫) before the party.
• It is convenient(方便的) for students to go to
school by MRT(捷運).
• L1 Listening 聽力測

similar documents