CDD Repository Presentation FINAL - African export

Developing Customer Due Diligence (CDD)
Repository for Africa: Rationale and
Proposed Framework
Dr. Benedict O. Oramah
Executive Vice-President
Business Development and Corporate Banking
Presented at the First Afreximbank Annual Customer Due Diligence
and Corporate Governance Forum,
Dakar, Sénégal
October 28-29, 2014
Outline of Presentation
→ Introduction
→ The Costs of Compliance
→ Implications for African Trade and Trade Finance
→ Solutions by Afreximbank
→ The Need for an African CDD Repository (ACDDR)
→ The Way Forward
→ Conclusions
• Why Customer Due Diligence?
 Rising global concerns about:
 Terrorism financing
 Bribery and Corruption
 Fraud and other criminal activities
 Call for action from various quarters,
including the UN to deal with these
concerns in order to preserve global
financial systems
 Results have been:
Institution of various regulations, laws, principles etc. at both national,
regional and global levels to curb funds flows related to those activities;
Definition of, and institution of best practices in corporate governance;
 Enforcement of these laws and regulations which has created the need
for vigilance in the operations of economic actors, especially financial
institutions; and
 The elevation of compliance with these regulations, laws, practices and
principles to priority levels in the regulatory and law enforcement agenda
in many countries as well as the multilateral levels.
Violation of relevant laws and regulations can be costly, e.g.
Bank of America Corporation, in 2014, was fined US$7.65 million for
violating internal controls and recordkeeping provisions of the federal
securities laws;
BNP Paribas SA agreed to pay nearly US$9 billion for undertaking
transactions prohibited by the U.S;
Barclays paid US$280 million to settle a lawsuit filed by the US Federal
Housing Agency over securities the bank sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie
Mac during the housing bubble;
The failure of some corporate giants, such as Enron and the Accounting
giant, Arthur Anderson were related to corporate governance and
compliance problems;
Credit Suisse paid $885 million to the US Federal Housing Finance Agency
over charges the Swiss bank misled investors about mortgage-backed
Credit Suisse paid $196 million to the US Securities and Exchange
Commission, settling charges of providing brokerage and advisory
services to foreign clients without regulatory permission;
Clearstream, a division of Deutsche Bank paid the US Treasury
Department US$152 million to settle allegations that it held securities in
the U.S. on behalf of the central bank of Iran; and
Operating Licenses can also be withdrawn and key officers of offending entities
can face criminal charges and jailed as in the cases of Enron, Worldcom, etc.
Costs of Compliance
 But compliance with CDD regulations is not costless!
 What are the Costs of Compliance?
 Compliance costs are rising by the day for many organizations, especially
financial institutions. These costs are both direct and indirect.
 Some of the direct costs include:
 Creation of new positions and hiring of additional staff for Customer Due
Diligence activities;
 IT investments to ensure proper data gathering and reporting;
 Increased cost of data gathering on existing and/or potential customers;
 High training costs;
 High costs of complying with regulatory reporting requirements; and
 Increased cost of on-boarding customers and clients.
 Indirect Costs include:
 Possible customer alienation due to intrusive information demands,
frequent information requests, etcetera;
 Poor quality service that may arise by actions of inexperienced staff
in implementing compliance regulations;
 Possible loss of business that may arise from lack of standardization
in approach to compliance issues;
 Organizations can be exposed to unintended operational risks while
trying to comply with CDD Regulations, e.g. Lawsuits that may arise
 Classifying a legal transaction as illegal
 What would happen if financial sector players do not comply with
CDD Laws and Regulations?
 Banks can become subject to elevated Operational (Legal and
Reputational) risks, which can result in :
 withdrawal of funds by depositors;
 the termination of inter-bank facilities;
 Withdrawal of correspondent banking services;
 investigation costs;
 asset seizures and freezes;
 loan losses; and
 Corporate failures.
 Other potential costs of non-compliance include:
 Loss of customers and even shareholders of the company who may
worry about safety of their investments;
 Diversion of considerable management time and energy to resolving
problems that may arise; and
 Overall reputational damage
Implications for African Trade and Trade Finance
 What are the Implications for African Trade and Trade Finance?
 These days banks add compliance costs in the cost/benefit
analysis regarding the correspondent banking relationships
they can keep. Where additional direct and indirect compliance
costs outweigh the benefits, the relationships are cancelled.
 Many relatively small African banks have therefore had their
correspondent banking lines cut as the compliance costs of the
relationships are considered too high relative to the benefits.
 As compliance costs rise, Africa is likely to face:
 Reduced access to trade services, including letter of credit services;
 Cuts in trade and project finance;
 Higher costs of trade and project finance as compliance costs push up
the marginal costs of doing business with African entities; and
 Reduced export competitiveness, especially for non-traditional exports
given higher costs of export finance.
 The challenge of CDD compliance may stunt
Africa’s leadership in mobile payments for
SMEs in supply chains and money remittances
with implications for financial flows and
financial inclusion in Africa;
 These developments also have the potential of
expanding the informal sector in Africa as those
who cannot meet the costs of new compliance
requirements find alternative ways of conducting
business. This will be an undesirable outcome.
Solutions By Afreximbank
 Underpinning Principles
 Afreximbank believes that compliance with generally acceptable CDD and
corporate governance principles and practices is desirable and in fact
makes good
business sense
 The Bank also recognizes the costs of compliance and implications of
emerging CDD compliance developments on African trade and trade
 These principles underline solutions the Bank is offering to its partner
African Banks and corporates so as to optimize the value proposition CDD
compliance requirements present.
 The Solutions
 African Correspondent Banking and Letter of Credit Confirmation
Scheme, branded Africorrbanking
 This is an Afreximbank product that provides a comprehensive
suite of correspondent banking services to its African trade finance
 The Bank partners with leading international Banks to deliver a cobranded product aimed at expanding access of African banks to
correspondent banking services that are tailored to specific banks’
needs. It is designed to be efficient, reliable and flexible; costeffective; Africa-friendly; and leverages on long-term relationships
that the Bank has built with potential beneficiary banks;
Africorrbanking Scheme
African Export-Import Bank
LC Issuer
Afrexim provides a
Guarantee to LC
confirming against LC
issuer’s risk
LC issuance sent to
Confirming Bank
Confirming Bank sends
a Guarantee request to
Confirming Bank adds confirmation to
LC on the strength of Afreximbank’s
 Under the Scheme, the Africorrbanking Partners (APs) (international
banks) confirm and advise Letters of Credit, make international
payments and provide other correspondent banking services to
Afreximbank’s trade finance intermediaries (TFI) being African banks.
The Bank supports the Africorrbanking partners by:
o Issuing Irrevocable Reimbursement Undertakings (IRUs) to back
the Letters of Credit issued by the Trade Finance Intermediaries for
o Making available CDD information the Africorrbanking Partners
require for on-boarding the banks as clients
 The CDD information service is a major distinguishing feature of
Afreximbank’s offering from similar products offered by other
multilateral financial institutions
 Creating an African Customer Due Diligence Repository
(ACDDR) for African institutions:
 In support of Africorrbanking and to reduce the cost of
compliance for maintaining African businesses by
international banks and global trading entities, the Bank is
in the process of launching ACDDR.
 This cost reduction will help mitigate the negative
implications of current CDD requirements on African
trade and trade finance
The Need for an African CDD Repository (ACDDR)
• What is the African Customer Due Diligence Repository
 It is a central repository for gathering and storing key
information required to conduct customer due diligence
checks on African counterparties in accordance with
international best practices
• What is the Goal of ACDDR?
 It aims to help banks comply with increasing compliance regulation,
providing a centralized source of customer due diligence information.
 To reduce the costs of conducting CDD on African banks and businesses
thereby enlarging their access at competitive costs, to trade services,
trade and project financing.
 To inculcate best practices in CDD practices across Africa by ensuring
that participants in the scheme provide information in an organized and
standardized format.
 To ease access to the information through the use of an online platform.
• What are the Benefits?
 Smoothening of Customer on-Boarding
The development of that CDD Repository will facilitate the smooth
on-boarding of customers by banks in Africa. It will also make it
easier for international banks to on-board potential African clients.
 Reduce Regulatory Risks
The availability of CDD information would reduce subjective
evaluation of customers, improve customer insight, and mitigate
automated, systematic, multi-factor customer assessment.
 Ensure Consistency of Compliance Processes As They Concern
African Entities
Automated and centralized risk evaluation process will drive consistent
decision making, increase operational transparency, and eliminate
redundancy of
multiple systems – minimizing inconsistencies in
compliance processes. Information collection will significantly improve for
all participants and users through the creation of the CDD Repository
 Increased Efficiencies and Cost Reduction
The Repository is expected to reduce operational workloads of users
by focusing marketing staff on marketing and growth of business in
pipelines rather than responding to complex series of CDD queries.
 Enhancement of Customer Relationships
Through the successful implementation of the system, banks will be able to
meet customer expectations in terms of speed and efficiency, while ensuring
regulatory compliance, to improve overall customer experience and
relationships. Banks will also be able to effectively manage institutional
relationships better with efficient CDD processes, identify beneficial
ownerships, and understand commercial clients’ risk and business needs.
The standardization of processes the CDD may engender will “commoditize”
CDD activities reducing the risk of customer dissatisfaction for individual
banks. It will also make it easier for banks to compete based on normal
parameters and not on stringency of CDD processes.
 Sharing of Experience
The CDD Repository will provide a platform for experience sharing
amongst all participants which will improve expertise in this area.
• How about Existing CDD Repositories?
 Undoubtedly, there are many CDD Repositories globally. Some of these
 Bankers Almanac’s Due Diligence Repository
 KYC Exchange Net
 SWIFT’s KYC Registry
• Challenges with Existing CDD Repositories
 The CDD Repositories created so far have largely focused on entities in
developed and some other developing markets with little to no focus on
 Many are industry specific. For instance, the Bankers Almanac Due
Diligence Repository focuses on commercial banks based in Europe,
North America and other advanced economies and a few from developing
markets. Most African banks remain unlisted in the Bankers Almanac
Due Diligence Repository;
 High cost of subscription discourages African financial institutions and
other corporates to subscribe to these platforms.
• Filling the Gap for Africa
 Due to the challenges with existing CDD Repositories, it was important
that an Africa- Focused CDD Repository be developed.
Afreximbank has taken a lead role in creating a platform to cover CDD
matters with a special emphasis on African financial institutions and
African corporates
 An Africa CDD Repository will enable global institutions and partners to
access the CDD information on African financial institutions much cheaper
compared to other solutions.
 The proposed platform is called “Africa Customer Due Diligence
Repository Platform (ACDIRP)”
• What Information will be contained in the ACDIRP?
The Repository shall contain among other information the following:
 Corporate license, licenses of subsidiaries and offshore license (if any);
 Beneficial ownership and group structure - list of owners; regulator (s)
 Other identifying information, such as addresses;
 Copies of corporate documents, such as:
o Company by-laws
o Memorandum, Articles and/or Certificate of Incorporation
o Memorandum, Articles and/or Certificate of Association
o Extract from commercial register
o Biographies of board members and senior management.
 Annual Report, including Annual Reports of its subsidiaries;
 Credit History
 Special Information on:
o Sanctions, and
o Criminal records, etc.
 ACDIRP will be an Online platform to be managed by Afreximbank
The Way Forward
1. Development of a CDD Repository Charter
The first step is to create a Charter for the use and management of the
platform. The Charter, to be known as the African Customer Due Diligence
Repository Charter, will outline the rights and privileges of members who
subscribe to the platform. Participants will be African institutions that will
provide CDD information; and others who will subscribe to access the CDD
2. Create the CDD Repository Platform
The second step is to create the online CDD Repository. The Bank plans to
create an Africa-wide platform for the benefit of all financial institutions in the
continent. The platform would be called the “African Customer Due Diligence
Repository Platform (ACDIRP)”
3. Launching the Platform and Subscription by African Banks
 The next step is to launch and introduce the platform to partner banks in
Africa through a workshop or other fora. This will help create a critical
mass of CDD information for the platform.
 The Bank will promote the platform for subscription by international
financial institutions to facilitate their CDD activities in Africa in the hope
that this will:
 reduce the risk perception of the continent and corporates in the
 and reduce the immense cost of their CDD activities in Africa.
 The Bank will engage all participants gathered here and those
not here to continue to strengthen CDD processes in Africa
given the benefits.
 Considering the importance of CDD to financial performance
and Africa’s trade performance, we encourage all African
financial institutions to enroll in the ACDIRP platform without
Thank You

similar documents