Update on Smart Grid Program

Report
Coordination and Acceleration of
Standards for Smart Grid –
Status of PAP 7 and DRGS DEWG
Allen Hefner
NIST Smart Grid Team
National Institute of Standards and Technology
U.S. Department of Commerce
Smart Grid – U.S. National Priority
“We’ll fund a better, smarter electricity
grid and train workers to build it…”
President Barack Obama
“To meet the energy challenge and create a 21st
century energy economy, we need a 21st century
electric grid…” Secretary of Energy Steven Chu
“A smart electricity grid will revolutionize the way we use energy, but
we need standards …” Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke
Congressional Priority: EISA 2007, ARRA, oversight, new bills …
Administration Policy development:
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp
The NIST Role
Energy Independence and Security Act
(2007)
In cooperation with the DoE,
NEMA, IEEE, GWAC, and other
stakeholders, NIST has “primary
responsibility to coordinate
development of a framework
that includes protocols and
model standards for information
management to achieve
interoperability of smart grid
devices and systems…”
NIST Plan for Smart Grid Interoperability
PHASE 1
Identify an initial set of
existing consensus
standards
NIST and
role
develop
a roadmap to fill gaps
PHASE 2
Establish Smart Grid
Interoperability Panel (SGIP) publicprivate forum with governance for
ongoing efforts
PHASE 3
Conformity Framework
(includes Testing and
Certification)
Summer 2009 workshops
NIST Interoperability
Framework 1.0 Draft
Released Sept 2009
NIST Interoperability
Framework 1.0 Final
Released Jan 2010
SGIP established Nov 2009
NIST Interoperability
Framework 2.0 Soon…
2009
2010
2011
NIST Framework and Roadmap
• Final version 1.0 January 2010
– Public comments on draft
reviewed and addressed
http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/
• Smart Grid Vision / Model
• 75 key standards identified
Conceptual Model
– IEC, IEEE, …
• Priority Action Plans to
fill gaps (some completed, new)
• “Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber
Security” NISTIR 7628, published
in September 2010
• Release 2 revision is underway,
with Smart Grid Interoperability
Panel involvement
http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/
NIST Smart Grid Architecture Model
Distributed Energy Resource Domain
NIST Plan for Smart Grid Interoperability
PHASE 1
Identify an initial set of
existing consensus
standards
NIST and
role
develop
a roadmap to fill gaps
PHASE 2
Establish Smart Grid
Interoperability Panel (SGIP) publicprivate forum with governance for
ongoing efforts
PHASE 3
Conformity Framework
(includes Testing and
Certification)
Summer 2009 workshops
NIST Interoperability
Framework 1.0 Draft
Released Sept 2009
NIST Interoperability
Framework 1.0 Final
Released Jan 2010
SGIP established Nov 2009
NIST Interoperability
Framework 2.0 Soon…
2009
2010
2011
NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Panel
•
•
•
•
Public-private partnership created in Nov. 2009
Over 660 member organizations, 1700 participants
Open, public process with international participation
Coordinates standards development
– Identifies Requirements
– Prioritizes standards development programs
– Works with over 20 SDOs including IEC, ISO, ITU, IEEE, …
• Web-based participation
SGIP Twiki:
http://collaborate.nist.gov/twikisggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/SGIP
9
SGIP Organization
SGIP
Officers
Governing
Board
NIST
SGIP Administrator
Test & Certification
Committee
(SGTCC)
Architecture
Committee
(SGAC)
Cyber Security
Working Group
(CSWG)
Comm.
Marketing
Education
(CME)
PAP 2
PAP 3
PAP 4
PAP …
PAP 17
Priority Action Plan Teams
Standing Committees &
Working Groups
Program
Mgmt
Office
(PMO)
PAP 1
Bylaws &
Operating
Procedures
(BOP)
Coordination Functions
BnP
H2G
B2G
TnD
I2G
PEV2G
DRGS
Electromagnetic
Interoperability
Domain Expert Working Groups
SGIP Membership
SGIP Organization
SGIP
Officers
Governing
Board
NIST
PAP 7
SGIP Administrator
Test & Certification
Committee
(SGTCC)
Architecture
Committee
(SGAC)
Cyber Security
Working Group
(CSWG)
Comm.
Marketing
Education
(CME)
PAP 2
PAP 3
PAP 4
PAP …
PAP 17
Priority Action Plan Teams
Standing Committees &
Working Groups
Program
Mgmt
Office
(PMO)
PAP 1
Bylaws &
Operating
Procedures
(BOP)
Coordination Functions
BnP
H2G
B2G
TnD
I2G
PEV2G
DRGS
Electromagnetic
Interoperability
Domain Expert Working Groups
SGIP Membership
PAPs - Filling Gaps in the Standards
# Priority Action Plan
#
Priority Action Plan
0
Meter Upgradeability Standard
9
Standard DR and DER Signals
1
Role of IP in the Smart Grid
10
Standard Energy Usage Information
2
Wireless Communication for the Smart
Grid
11
Common Object Models for Electric
Transportation
3
Common Price Communication Model
12
IEC 61850 Objects/DNP3 Mapping
4
Common Scheduling Mechanism
13
Time Synchronization, IEC 61850 Objects/
IEEE C37.118 Harmonization
5
Standard Meter Data Profiles
14
Transmission and Distribution Power Systems
Model Mapping
6
Common Semantic Model for Meter Data
tables
15
Harmonize Power Line Carrier Standards for
Appliance Communications in the Home
7
Electric Storage / DER Interconnection
and Object Model Standards
16
Wind Plant Communications
8
CIM for Distribution Grid Management
17
Facility Smart Grid Information
18
SEP 1.x to SEP 2.0 Transition and Coexistence
PAP 7: Smart Grid ES-DER Standards
SG Standards Need
• Interconnection and object model standards needed for:
– DER grid operational interface with dispatchable: VAR, V, F, etc.
– support for energy storage devices (ES), including PEV
– and hybrid generation-storage systems (ES-DER)
PAP Major Objectives
• Revised and updated consistent guidelines and standards:
– Involve broad set of Stakeholders: SDOs, utilities, vendor, etc.
– Scoping Document to determine priorities and timeline for
standards development for spectrum of applications
– IEEE 1547 revisions for urgent applications
– Consistent object models for DER, ES, ES-DER in IEC 61850-7-420
– UL, NEC-NFPA70, SAE guidelines for safe, reliable implementation
13
PAP 7:
PAP 7: Task Interactions
Task 0:
Scoping Document
Prioritized timeline for
ES-DER standards
Task 1: Use Cases,
*EPRI PV-ES Inverter
Define requirements
for different scenarios
Task 2: IEEE 1547.4 for island applications
and IEEE 1547.6 for secondary networks
Task 3: Unified interconnection method with
multifunctional operational interface for range
ofa)
storage and generation/storage.
b)IEEE 1547.8 (a) Operational interface
(b) Storage without gen
c)
(c) PV with storage
d
(d) Wind with storage
e)
(e) PEV as storage
Info exchanges
MIC
PAPs Task 4: Develop and Harmonize Object Models
IEC 61850-7-420: Expanded to include
• Multifunctional ES-DER operational interface
• Harmonized with CIM & MultiSpeak
• Map to MMS, DNP3, web services, & SEP 2
Task 5: Test, Safe and
Reliable Implementation
UL Implementation
1741, NEC-NFPA70,
SAE, CSA and IEC
14
PAP 7: Status
• Task 1: Use cases and advanced function descriptions
– Use cases and supporting information posted on PAP 7 page
– EPRI Inverter Comm. Project - descriptions of advanced functions
• Task 2: Accelerate completion of existing IEEE 1547.4 & 1547.6
– IEEE Std 1547.4 was published in 2011
– IEEE Std 1547.6 was published in 2011
• Task 3: Initiate new IEEE 1547.8 for advanced functions
– IEEE 1547.8 third draft underway (Meeting Feb 2012)
– Teleconferences used to expedite progress on drafts
– Coordinating communications group with other groups
• Task 4: Two-stage process to expedite IEC 61850-7-420 update
– Stage 1: Publish official, informative-only, IEC Technical Report:
IEC 61850-90-7 submitted to the IEC TC57 WG17
– Stage 2: Develop and publish normative edition 2 of IEC 61850-7-420
• Task 5: Test, Safe & Reliable Implementation: NEC, UL 1741
IEEE 1547 Interconnection Standards
1547- 2008 Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources
with Electric Power Systems
1547.1 - 2005 Standard for Conformance Test Procedures for Equipment
Interconnecting DR with EPS
1547.2 - 2008 Application Guide for IEEE 1547 Standard for Interconnection of
DR with EPS
1547.3 - 2007 Guide for Monitoring, Information Exchange and Control of DR
P1547.4 Guide for Design, Operation, & Integration
of Distributed Resource Island Systems with EPS
P1547.6 Recommended Practice for Interconnecting
DR With EPS Distribution Secondary Networks
P1547.7 Draft Guide to Conducting Distribution
Impact Studies for DR Interconnection
http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/scc21/index.html
Current 1547 Projects
P1547.5 Guidelines for Interconnection of EPS >10
MVA to the Power Transmission Grid
Microgrids
P1547.8 (new)
Extension of 1547,
e.g. grid support, energy
storage, ride-thru, etc.
EPRI/Sandia NL Smart Inverter Initiative
Map to
Protocols
Identify
Needed
Functions
Interest Group,
Demonstrations,
PAP7, IEEE 1547
Select a
Specific Way to
Implement
each Function
Focus
Group,
Others?
Represent
Information in
Standard
Information
Model
(IEC 61850)
Focus Group,
IEC Working Group
DNP3
Smart
Energy
Profile
MMS,
Web
Services,
Other
Standards Groups,
Funded Efforts
EPRI/SNL Smart Inverter Functions
Phase 1 Functions:
Phase 2 Functions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
• Voltage Sag Ride-Through
• Autonomous Watt-Voltage
Management (transient and steadystate)
• Autonomous Watt-Frequency
Management
• Islanding
• Additions to State/Status Monitoring
Connect/Disconnect – Non Islanding
Max Generation Level Control
Smart VAR Management and PF
Storage Management
State/Status Monitoring
Event Logging
Time Adjustment
Status:
• Detailed Function Definition Complete
• Representation in Terms of IEC 61850
Complete (contributions made to IEC)
• DNP3 Mapping Completed
• Smart Energy Profile Mapping in
Process
Status:
• In process in coordination with IEEE
P1547.8 and NIST PAP7
• Will be Added to the DNP3, SEP2, and
other protocol mappings
courtesy: Brian Seal (EPRI)
EPRI/SNL Volt-Var Control Function
Utility-Defined Curve Shapes
Simple
Broadcast
Volt/Var
Mode 2 –
Transmission
VAR Support
VARs Generated
Volt/Var
Mode 1 –
Normal
Regulation
Capacitive
VARs Generated
Q1
Capacitive
Q2
System
Voltage
Q3
V4
V1
V2
V3
Inductive
Q4
Q1
Q2
V1
V2
Inductive
courtesy: Brian Seal (EPRI)
System
Voltage
SGIP Organization
SGIP
Officers
Governing
Board
NIST
SGIP Administrator
Test & Certification
Committee
(SGTCC)
Architecture
Committee
(SGAC)
Cyber Security
Working Group
(CSWG)
Comm.
Marketing
Education
(CME)
PAP 2
PAP 3
PAP 4
PAP …
PAP 17
Priority
Action Plan Teams
New DRGS
DEWG
Standing Committees &
Working Groups
Program
Mgmt
Office
(PMO)
PAP 1
Bylaws &
Operating
Procedures
(BOP)
Coordination Functions
BnP
H2G
B2G
TnD
I2G
PEV2G
DRGS
Electromagnetic
Interoperability
Domain Expert Working Groups
SGIP Membership
Distributed Renewables, Generators, Storage
• DRGS DEWG initiated September 2011
• Identify Smart Grid standards and interoperability issues/gaps for
– Integration of renewable/clean and distributed generators and storage
– Operation in high penetration scenarios, weak grids, microgrids, DC grids
– Including interaction of high-bandwidth and high-inertia type devices
• Of particular importance are Smart Grid functions that
– mitigate impact of variability and intermittency of renewable generators
– enable generators and storage to provide valuable grid supportive services
– prevent unintentional islanding and cascading events for clustered devices
• Activities of new group
– Consistent approaches for generators/storage types and domains
– Use cases and information exchange requirements
– Define new PAPs to address standards gaps and issues
• Join: http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/DRGS
DRGS DEWG Initial Topics
1) International DER Interconnection Standard
2) Consistent object models for different generator and storage device types,
different domains and constraints – in different standards, international
3) Process for continued development of advanced grid supportive generator
and storage functions
4) Grid supportive functions at Microgrid/EMS area Point-of-Connection
–
–
–
–
Premises Local EMS with no ability to remote disconnect
Microgrid with EMS and ability to disconnect/reconnect from Area EPS
Power electronic flow controller interconnected Microgrids
Power electronic converter interconnected DC Microgrids/DC circuits
5) Information exchange requirements for operation of DER in scenarios
– Management of DER by Distribution System, Microgrid, or Premises EMS
– Autonomous interaction of DER with IEDs (breakers, switches) and/or other DER
– High penetration and weak grid conditions
6) Conformity and interoperability testing
7) Regulatory/market issues for distributed, variable/constrained
DRGS Work Plan
Subgroups to further define issues, gaps and action plans:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
DRGS Standards Roadmap
DRGS Use Cases, Information Exchange, and Object Models
DRGS Microgrids and Hierarchical Distributed Control
DRGS Conformity and Interoperability Test and Certification
DRGS Regulatory and Market Issues
Meetings format/schedule:
– Subgroups meet and report out as sessions during bi-weekly webinar
– Alternate weeks used for additional subgroup meetings
Timeline and Deliverables:
– Subgroup descriptions, leaders, and participants - February
– Descriptions of issues and DRGS actions for priority action items - March
– Roadmap for DRGS DEWG to address issues and gaps - April
Contact Information
George Arnold
National Coordinator for Smart Grid Interoperability
[email protected]
David Wollman
[email protected]
Dean Prochaska
[email protected]
Al Hefner
[email protected]
US Government Smart Grid Website:
http://www.smartgrid.gov/
NIST Smart Grid Website:
http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/
NIST SGIP Collaborative Twiki site:
http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/

similar documents