Skills of Gymnastics

Report
SKILLS OF GYMNASTICS
BASIC SKILLS
Handstand (Bars, Beam,
Floor, Vault)
A handstand is
achieved by placing all
of the weight on the
hands and balancing
the body in an
inverted position
 The legs may be
separated or split, but
the body must remain
perfectly vertical

Cartwheel (Beam, Floor)
A cartwheel is
performed by turning
the hands and kicking
the legs over top of the
head
 It is important to
make sure your
cartwheel is straight
 A cartwheel with no
hands is called an
aerial

BASIC SKILLS
Back Handspring (Floor,
Vault, Beam)
A back handspring is
performed by jumping
backwards to one’s
hands and then
snapping the feet
down
 Back Handsprings can
be performed in
combination with each
other, flips, and round
offs

Front Handspring (Floor,
Vault, Beam)
A front handspring
has similar ideas as a
back handspring
 Front handsprings
take off of one foot,
bounce off of the
hands, and drive the
feet down to land

BASIC SKILLS
Back Tuck/ Layout/ Pike
(Floor, Vault, Bars, Beam)
A back tuck is
essentially a back flip
 A back layout is a
back flip performed
with a straight body
 A back pike is a back
flip performed with
straight legs pulled to
the chest

Front Tuck/ Layout/ Pike
(Floor, Vault, Bars, Beam)
A front tuck is
basically a front flip
 A front layout is a
front flip performed
with a straight body
 A front pike is a front
flip performed with
straight legs pulled to
the chest

BASIC SKILLS- JUMPS (FLOOR BEAM)

Straight Jump


Tuck Jump


Jump with legs splitting to the side, do not turn hips
Pike Jump


Jump with knees bent up to chest
Straddle Jump


Jump with straight legs, arms by ears
Jump with straight legs extended in front of the body
Split Jump

Jump with legs splitting forward and backward
BASIC SKILLS
Turns



A turn must be
performed on one foot
The degree of the turn
depends on how many
times the gymnast can
get her body to spin
around
Falling out of turns,
when the gymnast loses
control of her body, is
grounds for deduction
Leaps
The gymnast performs
essentially a running
split jump
 The gymnast must
take off of one foot and
split her legs as far as
she can
 Leaps may be
performed straight or
sideways

BASIC SKILLS
Glide (Bars)

Jump from two feet,
catch the bar, toes
glide under the bar
and extend to the
other side
Glide Kip (Bars)

After the glide, toes
quickly pull up to the
bar and shoot up to
the ceiling as the
gymnast ends up on
top of the bar
BASIC SKILLS
Pull Over

In a pull over, the
gymnast pulls her
chin to the bar and
the swings her legs
over the bar to end up
on top of the bar
Front Hip Circle

To perform a front hip
circle, the gymnast
begins on top of the
bar and rolls forward
all the way around the
bar to end in the same
position she started in
MORE ADVANCED SKILLS
Tap Swings (Bars)

While hanging on the
high bar, the gymnast
swings by alternating
from arched to
hollowed body shapes
Giants( Bars)


Back Giant- while holding
the bar regularly the
gymnast uses the tap
swing methods until she
can swing 360⁰ around the
bar with a straight body
Front Giant- while holding
the bar with the thumbs
facing away from the
gymnast, the gymnast
completes a 360⁰ swing
going forwards
MORE ADVANCED SKILLS
Fly Away(Bars)



Out of a tap swing or a
giant, the gymnast lets
go over the bar, pulls
her knees to her chest,
and perform a back tuck
off of the bars
It can also be performed
as a layout or pike
Once the gymnast hits
the mat, the idea is to
“stick it” which means
try to move as little as
possible
Pirouette(Bars, Beam,
Floor)
From the handstand
position, the gymnast
will begin to turn her
body by pushing with
and picking up her
arms
 The degree of the
pirouette is up to the
gymnast

MORE ADVANCED SKILLS
Twists(Bars, Beam, Floor,
Vault)



While performing a tuck,
either front or back, the
gymnast adds a twist
In this skill, there is both
flipping and twisting
involved
The degree of the twist
depends on how many
times the gymnast can get
her body to spin around.
However, her body has to
get completely around in
order for the twist to count
Doubles/ Triples(Bars,
Beam, Floor, Vault)


Doubles and triples are
just two or three tucks,
again either front or
back, that are put
together in combination
without a pause
Once the gymnasts’ feet
leave the floor, two
complete flips must be
performed in order for it
to be considered a
double
MORE ADVANCED SKILLS
Tsukahara(Vault)
Yurchenko(Vault)
The gymnast takes off
the spring board
straight but turns her
hands 90⁰
 From that position, she
must bounce off of the
vault table and perform a
back tuck, layout, or pike


The gymnast does a
round off back
handspring onto the
vault spring board
 From the spring board
she lands with her
hands on the vault
backwards and
performs some sort of
back tuck, layout or
pike

similar documents