9.3 The United States and East Asia

Report
9.3 THE UNITED STATES
AND EAST ASIA
OBJECTIVES
• Examine the causes and
consequences of the Philippine
insurrection
• Analyze the effects of the Open Door
Policy
• Describe how the United States dealt
with the rising power of Japan
THE IMPERIAL MENU
A PLEASED UNCLE SAM GETS READY TO PLACE HIS ORDER
WITH HEADWAITER WILLIAM MCKINLEY. SWALLOWING SOME
OF THESE POSSESSIONS EVENTUALLY PRODUCED POLITICAL
INDIGESTION.
UNITED STATES EXPANSION, 1857–1917
FILIPINOS REBEL AGAINST U.S. RULE
• Emilio Aguinaldo organized an insurrection against
U.S. rule
• Guerrilla warfare
• U.S. used concentration camps, mass killings
• Aguinaldo killed, more died than SpanishAmerican War
• William H. Taft became governor of the Philippines
• Censored press, dissidents in jail
• Built schools, roads and bridges
• Jones Act-Philippines would gain independence
DEWEY’S ROUTE IN THE PHILIPPINES,
1898
EMILIO AGUINALDO (CA. 1869–1964) AND FOLLOWERS, 1900
AGUINALDO HAD A COLORFULLY CHECKERED CAREER. EXILED FROM THE PHILIPPINES
BY THE SPANISH IN 1897, HE WAS BROUGHT BACK IN 1898 TO ASSIST THE AMERICAN
INVASION. A YEAR LATER HE LED THE FILIPINO INSURRECTION AGAINST THE NEW
AMERICAN RULERS. CAPTURED IN 1901, HE DECLARED HIS LOYALTY TO THE UNITED
STATES. DURING WORLD WAR II, HE COLLABORATED WITH THE JAPANESE WHEN THEY
OCCUPIED THE PHILIPPINES…
U.S. PURSUES INTEREST IN CHINA
• Spheres of Influence
• Britain, France, Germany, and Russia:
privileges to zones of markets and ports
• Japan later included
• Sec. of State, John Hay sent notes to
diplomats declaring equal trade in China
JINGOISM
BOXER REBELLION
• Righteous and Harmonious Fists, nickname:
Boxers
• Secret society, celebrated traditional
Chinese customs.
• Rebellion against the “foreign devils”
• May 1900, killed foreign missionaries,
multinational force called in
• Chinese forced to pay damages=fuel for
nationalists
• Open Door Policy
BOXER REBELLION
TENSIONS RISE BETWEEN AMERICA
AND JAPAN
• Russia had troops in Manchuria, Japan
attacked
• Russo-Japanese War
• Roosevelt stepped in, peace treaty was
signed
• Anti-Asian Prejudice
• School in CA banned Asian students
• Roosevelt=“Gentlemen’s Agreement”
• Great White Fleet
THE GREAT WHITE FLEET

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