Unit 2 Thinkers U.S. History 1. Homesteader: Farmer Muckraker: Journalist 2. How did the 17th Amendment give more political power to the individual voter? Direct Election of Senators 3. What was the most important effect of the progressive era? Reforms of initiatives, referendums and recall. • 4. What is the theory behind the Sherman Antitrust Act? • 5. Fill in the Blank – Social Darwinism: __________________ – Nativism: Birth to the KKK – Red Scare: Deportation of Communists • 6. The issue of unemployment and declining wages on the West Coast led to what foreign policy Unit 2 Thinkers U.S. History • 7. All of the following are true about the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 – created the central banking system in the U.S. – granted legal authority to issue legal tender – created a system that still regulates U.S. monetary policy • 8. John Muir : ____________ : • Upton Sinclair : ____________ – National Parks Service – Pure Food and Drug Act • 9. How did the writing of W.E.B. DuBois affect American society? – It pushed Americans to think differently and act differently towards African Americans. Unit 2 Thinkers U.S. History • 10. The activism of Susan B. Anthony impacted American government because it led to the passage of the— • 11. Which of the following amendments would Alexander Hamilton, a strong federal government advocate, MOST have supported? – 16th, 17th, 18th, or 19th • 12. What was the first large scale effort of the U.S. government to regulate business for the public good? • Answers: • 10. 19th Amendment- Women’s Suffrage (Right to Vote) • 11. 16th Amendment- Income Tax • 12. Interstate Commerce Commision Unit 2 Thinkers U.S. History • 13. What could account for a change in rural and urban populations during a time period? • 14. Put the following President’s in Chronological Order: – Theodore Roosevelt – Woodrow Wilson – Howard Taft • 15. Urban Social Reform in the 1800’s most associated with what person? Unit 2 Thinkers U.S. History • 16. Many progressives hoped to make American government better able to serve the people’s needs by making government operations and services more efficient and rational. • 17. What might have been an unintended consequence of progressive’s attempts to streamline the government? • 18. Industrialism. Unit 2 Thinkers U.S. History • Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all noncitizen Indians born within the territorial limits of the United States be, and they are hereby, declared to be citizens of the United States: Provided, That the granting of such citizenship shall not in any manner impair or otherwise affect the right of any Indian to tribal or other property. – American Indian Citizenship Act, 1924 • 19. Why would the above act have made some American Indians question its motives? • 20. What Political party is described below? – – – – Established in 1890s Members were mostly southern and western farmers Mainly opposed banks, railroads, and upper classes Efforts resulted in hurting AfricanAmerican suffrage • 21. The Progressive Era being identified as a ____________ in U.S. history because it had all of the following: – The distinctive feature of reform that is present throughout the time period – a set of prominent historical events that changed society – economic activity that is significant in the time sequence Unit 2 Thinkers U.S. History • 22. What methods were used to gain voting rights for women? – PUBLIC PROTESTS – AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION (19th) • That was the Last Unit 2 Thinker. We will test on Tuesday next week.