U.S Embassy Bombing in Beirut By Sam Swanson What is an embassy? A building that is owned by a country, but is located in a different country. Ambassadors work in embassy buildings Embassies increase communication between countries. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=embassy+in+united+states&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=666&t bm=isch&tbnid=cia3p4wXjBTEgM:&imgrefurl=http://eritrea.usembassy.gov/&docid=0S8_SNPdc2hP0 M&w=300&h=300&ei=nHV2TuvIJiLsALn8amMBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=184&vpy=149&dur=312&hovh=219&hovw=219&tx=91&ty= 145&page=1&tbnh=136&tbnw=136&start=0&ndsp=16&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0 About the U.S embassy in Beirut Established in 1833. The purpose of the embassy was for relations, religious, educational and literary pursuits. It was considered a headquarters for a range of U.S. agencies http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+in+beirut+before&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=7 09&tbm=isch&tbnid=BlSyo5Du6fjM4M:&imgrefurl=http://abdallah.hiof.no/tracks/US_embassy_Beirut .kml&docid=cNLup0Rox20ccM&w=827&h=806&ei=c3N2TtvKLM6osAL_lPyLBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx =805&vpy=138&dur=2812&hovh=222&hovw=227&tx=64&ty=112&page=7&tbnh=152&tbnw=156& start=96&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:96 What is the U.S Embassy Bombing? It was an attack on the U.S embassy building located in Beirut, Lebanon. A suicide bomber in a van loaded a stolen vehicle with explosives. He ran the van into the U.S embassy building. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&h l=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=Ca8NmjTX_GB8M:&imgrefurl=http://news.sky.com/home/article/1300757 &docid=jqrw_KfkWCqAmM&w=180&h=180&ei=Ap9vTsOyIcWBsgLo_6DO CQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=672&vpy=140&dur=2422&hovh=144&hovw =144&tx=82&ty=106&page=3&tbnh=144&tbnw=144&start=23&ndsp=8 &ved=1t:429,r:6,s:23&biw=1024&bih=571 When did the bombing take place? The bombing took place on April 18, 1983. Monday afternoon. Approximately around 1 o’clock P.M. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tb m=isch&tbnid=C3MwqQlSwKHzKM:&imgrefurl=http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx%3Fid%3D3 74036&docid=RZHHUiDpVYP2qM&w=230&h=232&ei=Ap9vTsOyIcWBsgLo_6DOCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc &vpx=482&vpy=265&dur=875&hovh=185&hovw=184&tx=94&ty=91&page=1&tbnh=115&tbnw=12 3&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0&biw=1024&bih=571 How many people were wounded/lost their lives? 63 people lost their lives. • 32 were Lebanese employees. • 17 Americans. • 14 visitors. 120 people were injured. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&h l=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=YzAJQslLH_e9zM:&imgrefurl =http://middleeast.about.com/od/thisdayinmideasthistory/ig/September -18-to-September-24-i/Hezbollah-Attacks-US-Embassy.htm&docid=TtJs2Fmzwvi4QM&w=600&h=404&ei=lqRvTqrkFs6osAL4uZH 9CQ&zoom=1&biw=1024&bih=571&iact=rc&dur=516&page=1&tbnh=11 8&tbnw=160&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0&tx=68&ty=71 Destruction The explosives destroyed the front of the building. The building was 7 stories high. • For the most part, all of the stories were affected. • The bottom stories were the worst. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&hl=en& safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=w2EbgOawxGf7NM:&imgrefurl=http://w ww.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1842608_1842698_184 2657,00.html&docid=YuvIOkIHb5OGRM&w=360&h=235&ei=lqRvTqrkFs6osAL 4uZH9CQ&zoom=1&biw=1024&bih=571&iact=rc&dur=172&page=1&tbnh=11 5&tbnw=153&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0&tx=96&ty=91 Destruction Balconies and offices were destroyed. Windows were broken as far as a mile away. The bomb was heard all the way through West Beirut. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=u.s+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=709&tbm=isch &tbnid=Shjl-iKo0Jxc1M:&imgrefurl=http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/three-dead-near-beirut-as-bomb-missesusvehicle/2008/01/16/1200419886003.html&docid=YnffQfjr8qK2fM&w=470&h=326&ei=O6J3TomlBezMsQLm6YiMBQ& zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=189&vpy=338&dur=2491&hovh=187&hovw=270&tx=148&ty=86&page=1&tbnh=159&tbnw =208&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0 Video: a day after the Bombing Who was responsible for the bombing? After the bomb, a proIranian group called the Islamic Jihad Organization took responsibility for the bombing. (The Islamic Jihad Organization means “holy war.” An anonymous caller said, "This is part of the Iranian revolution's campaign against imperialist targets throughout the world. We shall keep striking at any imperialist presence in Lebanon, including the international force." Hezbollah (an Iranian group) claimed responsibility for the blast with a message "promising not to allow a single American to remain on Lebanese soil ... we mean every inch of Lebanese territory. ...“  http://www.blackfive.net/photos/uncategorized /2008/07/17/hezbollah_islam.jpg What was “Hezbollah”? Islamic resistance group Hezbollah means “Party of God” 41 percent of the Lebanon population was associated with this group. http://thegatewaypundit.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/hezbollah.jpg “Hezbollah” One of the first groups to use suicide bombings as an attack. The leaders of Hezbollah were inspired by Ayatollah Khomeini Religious leader and politition –became Iranian Supreme Leader http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aya tollah_Khomeini After the bombing The U.S. government took no military action. Embassy moved to new location in East Beirut. The Marine Barracks bombing occurred just a few months later. http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/20 08/02/14/world/14syria-inline1-650.jpg Interesting Facts 2,000 pounds of explosives were in the van After the U.S embassy was moved to East Beirut the embassy was bombed a second time on September 20, 1984 The bomb killed 9 people http://www.google.com/imgres?q=u.s+embassy+in+beirut&um=1&hl=en&saf e=active&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=xm00GGow46166M:&imgrefurl=http://wade andmeg.blogspot.com/2010/02/walk-past-hallowed-ground.html&docid=wLxWHrWIzzmDM&w=283&h=400&ei=bN94Ttq9G4HAtgej52bDA&zoom=1&biw=1024&bih=571&iact=rc&dur=375&page=2&tbnh=168&tb nw=128&start=15&ndsp=8&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:15&tx=64&ty=40 Work Cited o o o o o o o o o o "About the Embassy | Embassy of the United States Beirut, Lebanon." Home | Embassy of the United States Beirut, Lebanon. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://lebanon.usembassy.gov/about_the_embassy.html>. "Terrorist Attacks On Americans, 1979-1988 | Target America | FRONTLINE | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/target/etc/cron.html>. "1983 United States Embassy Bombing." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_United_States_embassy_bombing>. Views, Civiliansby Hijazna4,634. "U.S. Embassy Bombing in Beirut 1983 - YouTube." YouTube Broadcast Yourself. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3P8ZD3dA7H4>. "U.S. Embassy in Beirut - Worst Embassy Attacks - TIME." Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1842608_1842698_1842657,00.html >. "Terrorist Bombing Of The Marine Barracks, Beirut, Lebanon." Arlington National Cemetery Website Title Page. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/terror.htm>. "U.S. Embassy in Beirut Hit by Massive Car Bomb — History.com This Day in History — 10/23/1983." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/us-embassy-in-beirut-hit-by-massive-car-bomb>. Macaron, Joe. "US Says It Knows Who Bombed Beirut Embassy 25 Years Ago." Web.15 Sept 2011. http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2003432/posts Hand, Stable. "The Jawa Report: 26 Yrs Ago Today US Embassy In Beirut Bombed." The Jawa Report V3.0 Beta. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://mypetjawa.mu.nu/archives/197333.php>. "April 18, 1983: U.S. Embassy Bombed in Beirut | Video - ABC News." ABCNews.com: Daily News, Breaking News and Video Broadcasts - ABC News. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/april-18-1983-us-embassy-bombed-beirut-9808367>.