U.S Embassy Bombing

Report
U.S Embassy Bombing in
Beirut
By Sam Swanson
What is an
embassy?
 A building that is
owned by a country,
but is located in a
different country.
 Ambassadors work in
embassy buildings
 Embassies increase
communication
between countries.

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=embassy+in+united+states&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=666&t
bm=isch&tbnid=cia3p4wXjBTEgM:&imgrefurl=http://eritrea.usembassy.gov/&docid=0S8_SNPdc2hP0
M&w=300&h=300&ei=nHV2TuvIJiLsALn8amMBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=184&vpy=149&dur=312&hovh=219&hovw=219&tx=91&ty=
145&page=1&tbnh=136&tbnw=136&start=0&ndsp=16&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0
About the U.S
embassy in Beirut
 Established in 1833.
 The purpose of the
embassy was for
relations, religious,
educational and
literary pursuits.
 It was considered a
headquarters for a
range of U.S.
agencies

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+in+beirut+before&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=7
09&tbm=isch&tbnid=BlSyo5Du6fjM4M:&imgrefurl=http://abdallah.hiof.no/tracks/US_embassy_Beirut
.kml&docid=cNLup0Rox20ccM&w=827&h=806&ei=c3N2TtvKLM6osAL_lPyLBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx
=805&vpy=138&dur=2812&hovh=222&hovw=227&tx=64&ty=112&page=7&tbnh=152&tbnw=156&
start=96&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:96
What is the U.S
Embassy
Bombing?
 It was an attack on the
U.S embassy building
located in Beirut,
Lebanon.
 A suicide bomber in a
van loaded a stolen
vehicle with
explosives.
 He ran the van into the
U.S embassy building.
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&h
l=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=Ca8NmjTX_GB8M:&imgrefurl=http://news.sky.com/home/article/1300757
&docid=jqrw_KfkWCqAmM&w=180&h=180&ei=Ap9vTsOyIcWBsgLo_6DO
CQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=672&vpy=140&dur=2422&hovh=144&hovw
=144&tx=82&ty=106&page=3&tbnh=144&tbnw=144&start=23&ndsp=8
&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:23&biw=1024&bih=571
When did the
bombing take
place?
 The bombing took
place on April 18,
1983.
 Monday afternoon.
 Approximately
around 1 o’clock P.M.

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tb
m=isch&tbnid=C3MwqQlSwKHzKM:&imgrefurl=http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx%3Fid%3D3
74036&docid=RZHHUiDpVYP2qM&w=230&h=232&ei=Ap9vTsOyIcWBsgLo_6DOCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc
&vpx=482&vpy=265&dur=875&hovh=185&hovw=184&tx=94&ty=91&page=1&tbnh=115&tbnw=12
3&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0&biw=1024&bih=571
How many
people were
wounded/lost
their lives?
 63 people lost their
lives.
• 32 were Lebanese
employees.
• 17 Americans.
• 14 visitors.
 120 people were
injured.

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&h
l=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=YzAJQslLH_e9zM:&imgrefurl
=http://middleeast.about.com/od/thisdayinmideasthistory/ig/September
-18-to-September-24-i/Hezbollah-Attacks-US-Embassy.htm&docid=TtJs2Fmzwvi4QM&w=600&h=404&ei=lqRvTqrkFs6osAL4uZH
9CQ&zoom=1&biw=1024&bih=571&iact=rc&dur=516&page=1&tbnh=11
8&tbnw=160&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0&tx=68&ty=71
Destruction
 The explosives
destroyed the front of
the building.
 The building was 7
stories high.
• For the most part, all
of the stories were
affected.
• The bottom stories
were the worst.

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=U.S+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&hl=en&
safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=w2EbgOawxGf7NM:&imgrefurl=http://w
ww.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1842608_1842698_184
2657,00.html&docid=YuvIOkIHb5OGRM&w=360&h=235&ei=lqRvTqrkFs6osAL
4uZH9CQ&zoom=1&biw=1024&bih=571&iact=rc&dur=172&page=1&tbnh=11
5&tbnw=153&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0&tx=96&ty=91
Destruction
 Balconies and offices
were destroyed.
 Windows were broken
as far as a mile away.
 The bomb was heard
all the way through
West Beirut.

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=u.s+embassy+bombing+in+beirut&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=709&tbm=isch
&tbnid=Shjl-iKo0Jxc1M:&imgrefurl=http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/three-dead-near-beirut-as-bomb-missesusvehicle/2008/01/16/1200419886003.html&docid=YnffQfjr8qK2fM&w=470&h=326&ei=O6J3TomlBezMsQLm6YiMBQ&
zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=189&vpy=338&dur=2491&hovh=187&hovw=270&tx=148&ty=86&page=1&tbnh=159&tbnw
=208&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0
Video: a day after the Bombing
Who was
responsible for
the bombing?
 After the bomb, a proIranian group called the
Islamic Jihad Organization
took responsibility for the
bombing. (The Islamic Jihad
Organization means “holy
war.”
 An anonymous caller said,
"This is part of the Iranian
revolution's campaign
against imperialist targets
throughout the world. We
shall keep striking at any
imperialist presence in
Lebanon, including the
international force."
 Hezbollah (an Iranian
group) claimed
responsibility for the blast
with a message "promising
not to allow a single
American to remain on
Lebanese soil ... we mean
every inch of Lebanese
territory. ...“ [3]
 http://www.blackfive.net/photos/uncategorized
/2008/07/17/hezbollah_islam.jpg
What was
“Hezbollah”?
 Islamic resistance
group
 Hezbollah means
“Party of God”
 41 percent of the
Lebanon population
was associated with
this group.

http://thegatewaypundit.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/hezbollah.jpg
“Hezbollah”
 One of the first
groups to use
suicide bombings
as an attack.
 The leaders of
Hezbollah were
inspired by
Ayatollah
Khomeini
 Religious leader
and politition
–became Iranian
Supreme Leader
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aya
tollah_Khomeini
After the
bombing
 The U.S. government
took no military
action.
 Embassy moved to
new location in East
Beirut.
 The Marine Barracks
bombing occurred
just a few months
later.
 http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/20
08/02/14/world/14syria-inline1-650.jpg
Interesting
Facts
 2,000 pounds of
explosives were in
the van
 After the U.S
embassy was
moved to East
Beirut the
embassy was
bombed a second
time on
September 20,
1984
 The bomb killed 9
people

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=u.s+embassy+in+beirut&um=1&hl=en&saf
e=active&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=xm00GGow46166M:&imgrefurl=http://wade
andmeg.blogspot.com/2010/02/walk-past-hallowed-ground.html&docid=wLxWHrWIzzmDM&w=283&h=400&ei=bN94Ttq9G4HAtgej52bDA&zoom=1&biw=1024&bih=571&iact=rc&dur=375&page=2&tbnh=168&tb
nw=128&start=15&ndsp=8&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:15&tx=64&ty=40
Work Cited
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<http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/target/etc/cron.html>.
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<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_United_States_embassy_bombing>.
Views, Civiliansby Hijazna4,634. "U.S. Embassy Bombing in Beirut 1983 - YouTube." YouTube Broadcast Yourself. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3P8ZD3dA7H4>.
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<http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1842608_1842698_1842657,00.html
>.
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Title Page. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/terror.htm>.
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History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. Web. 15 Sept. 2011.
<http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/us-embassy-in-beirut-hit-by-massive-car-bomb>.
Macaron, Joe. "US Says It Knows Who Bombed Beirut Embassy 25 Years Ago." Web.15 Sept 2011.
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2003432/posts
Hand, Stable. "The Jawa Report: 26 Yrs Ago Today US Embassy In Beirut Bombed." The Jawa Report
V3.0 Beta. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://mypetjawa.mu.nu/archives/197333.php>.
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