Volcanoes2012

Report
The World’s
Most Famous
Volcanoes
The students of IB 7
January 2012
Table of Contents
Arenal
46
Colima
122
El Chicon
10
Etna
50
Fuji
21
Hekla
39
Kilauea
56
Mauna Loa
93
Mayon
98
Mt St Helens
Paracutin
106
Puyehue
26
Rabaul
Raupehu
Sakurajima
Santa Maria
Stromboli
Taal
White Island
Vesuvius
Yellowstone
3
34
113
76
117
63
69
88
81
Rabual , Papau New Guinea
Map
• The map shown is all of
Papau New Guinea.
Information
•
•
•
•
•
Height: 688 m / 2257 ft
Type of volcano: pyroclastic shield
Eruption style: Explosive
Active volcano
Rabual Papau New Guinea is still active this
very day.
History
• The volcano formed by lava flowing down the
side and hardening making the mountain tall
after a while.
• The last eruption of Papau New Guinea was
September 23, 1994.
History
• Papau New Guinea’s town was coated in ash
through all of the air. Many died and 30,000
were evacuated.
• It covered the whole town of Papau New
Guinea.
• The surrounding area was very dark for about
7 days and then the ash started to spread so
people started to evacuate New Guinea.
History
• The eruption had a secondary which was
there was clouds, rain, and lightning.
• The type of plate boundary is divergent.
Future
• There will most likely be more eruptions
because the last eruption was about 18 years
ago.
• Height -1,150 meters ( 3,773 ft.)
• Type -shield.
:Erupted in 1982
:11 eruptions
: Created about
200,ooo years ago
: largest water volume ever recorded
• Thought to be extinct in 1982, erupted in 1984
• Pyroclastic flow, kill the tree but
bushes grew
• Eruption began on march 28th at 11:32 p.m.
• 2nd eruption on march 30th 1982 but smaller
• El Chichon caused el Niño
• El Niño is a flood
• El Chichon killed 2,000 people 1982
• Glow is purple because of the ash from el
Chichon.
• Seen from Alaska.
• Dust in the
Stratosphere
caused the
Color.
• El Chichon could erupt again
• Last eruption in 2009
• People would have to abandon their homes.
HOW EL CHICHON WAS FORMED
: El Chichon was formed over night
: El Chichon has hot spots
: Filled with a shadow acid lake.
: color is because of
Huge amount of rock
Mineral
: light colors are
Boiling water.
: you can easily see
Fumaroles.
MT. FUJI
Mt. Fuji
Mt. Fuji is a volcano located in Japan. It is less
than 100 miles from Tokyo, which is the capital.
MT. FUJI FACTS
• Mt.Fuji is a dormant volcano
.It last erupted in 1707.
.It is also the highest point in Japan at a height
of 3,776 meters ( or 12,385 feet).
Facts and history
• Mt Fuji is a composite volcano
• scientists believe that it will erupt again
• When it last eruption in 1707 it had a
earthquake with a magnitude of 8.4
OTHER INFORMATION
o The lowest temperature ever recorded there was
-38.0 c (36.4 ) f
o The highest recorded temperature was 17.8 c
(64.0)f
Mt.Puyehue is located in South
America, Chile .
Map of Mt. Puyehue .the red dot on
the map is where Mt. Puyehue is
located .
-Mt. Puyehue is 7,349 ft. it is a very
active volcano .
-Chile’s chain of about 2,000
volcanoes is the worlds 2nd largest
after Indonesia .
-Mt . Puyhue is a strato volcano.
History of Mt. Puyehue .
-Mt. Puyehue erupted Saturday June
4th 2011 .
-After 51 years of inactivity ,an
earthquake with a magnitude of 5, and
this happened with 8 earthquakes
happened to shake the earth around
Mt. Puyehue.
- The volcano itself had not erupted
from its caldera instead it has ripped a
huge gash into the surface of earth.
History of Mt. Puyehue # 2
the longest time it blew its top off was
in 1929 when it erupted for 3 months
between December and February.
-History #3 of Mt. Puyehue on October
17 2011 the volcano erupt again it was
so dangerous with lightning flashing it
was so bad they had to close all
airlines. that’s how bad it was .
Future of Mt. Puyehue
due to its activeness it will probably
erupt again over time .if you want to
take a trip to Chile you probably not
want to go while the volcano is about
to erupt .
I hope you guys learned a lot 
thank you .
Ruapehu
New Zealand
•Located in New Zealand. Its on the north island. New Zealand is in the south
Atlantic right by Australia.
•2797 meters at highest point.
•Mount Ruapehu. Its active.
•Formed on a convergent plate boundary.
• In 1995-6 it erupted . Ash covered all of the
central north island. Nobody died. It was a full
scale eruption. It made a lot of the
surrounding area diffilcult to farm for months.
Its very probable that it will erupt again being one of
the most active volcanoes in the world.
Hekla
Southwest Iceland
Map of Hekla in South west Iceland
Hekla
• Height of Hekla 1491 m (4892 ft)
• Shield volcano
• It’s very active
Hekla
• Icelanders in The Middle Ages called the
volcano the “Gateway to Hell”.
Hekla
• Formation: 4892ft, 1491m (elevation)
• Active
• Vik, Iceland
Hekla
•
•
•
•
5 major eruptions
Been erupting since 1100-2000
Southern Iceland
Best volcano known in Iceland
• In 10 years it’ll erupt
• Every 10 years it’ll erupt
Arenal, Costa
Rica
Arenal, Costa
Rica
Arenal, Costa Rica
•
•
•
•
Last time it erupted was in 2011
It is still active
The Arenal, Costa Rica is a stratovolcano
The volcano is 1633 meters
Arenal, Costa Rica
• From 1500-1900 the Arenal volcano was silent and said to
be extinct
• In 1968 it erupted, 87 people were killed
• The volcano flung giant rocks, some weighing several tons
• When these rocks landed it created 3 new active craters
• It affected 232 square kilometers of land
• Crops were spoiled, property was ruined, and livestock was
killed
MOUNT ETNA, ITALY
Located in Europe, above the city of Catania on the island of Sicily.
Mount Etna
Mount Etna is located on a island called Sicily,
South of Italy.
Mount Etna
•Mount Etna is a composite volcano.
•An Active volcano
•Height-3,329m (10,922ft) high.
Mount Etna
Formed – By European and the African plates.
Plates pushed toward each other, because of Convection currents
in the mantle below the Earth’s surface.
Mount Etna’s Eruptions
•Chunks of volcanic rocks formed into cinder blocks which were used for walls and
Gates.
1991-1993-lasted hours and was very damaging.
1999,1998,1995-the eruptions send lava and ash all over the island
Mount Etna’s Future
•Mount Etna is growing bigger
•There are more eruptions in the
Future
•More eruptions because it is still growing
•Mount Etna growing slowly
Kilauea, Hawaii
Kilauea is located in Hawaii

KILAUEA, HAWAII
IS it active
,dormant or extinct
THIS VALCONO IS ACTIVE.
The summit of the
volcano is high because
eruptions are more
frequent there than at
any other single location
on the volcano.
However, more
eruptions actually occur
on the long rift zones
than in the summit
area, but they are not
localized, instead
constructing ridges of
lower elevation than the
summit. Eruptions along
the east and southwest
rift zones have build
ridges reaching outward
from the summit some
125 km and 35 km,
respectively.
History of Kilauea
When Kilauea began to
form is not known, but
various estimates are
300,000-600,000 years
ago. The volcano has
been active ever since,
with no prolonged periods
of quiescence known.
Geologic studies of
surface exposures, and
examination of drill hole
samples, show that
Kilauea is made mostly of
lava flows, locally
interbedded with deposits
of explosive eruptions.
Probably what we have
seen happen in the past
200 years is a good guide
to what has happened
ever since Kilauea
emerged from the sea as
an island perhaps
50,000-100,000 years
ago.
History
Brought to you by
Henry L. Brown iii
Kilauea volcano is probably
amongst the most active
volcanoes of the world and may
probably top the ranking. It is the
youngest volcano of the
Hawaii. Ever since 1983 the
volcano has been continuously
erupting from its east rift. The
Kilauea volcano has erupted 62
times in 245 years, and 34 since
1952. The lava flows towards the
Pacific Ocean. Most of the Kilauea
surface comprises of the lava
which is around 1000 years old
and some parts which dates back
to 600 years old.
The eruption that began on 3rd
January 1983 still continues and
the lava flow travels 12 km to
finally vent into the sea. The
Kilauea volcano eruption of the
1790 had taken away several
lives. On March 25th of 2008
when the lava of the volcano
reached the coast of Puna, there
was a spectacular display of color
and light. Since then the civil
defense officials of Hawaii have
set up a viewing point for the
visitors to witness the amazing
display when the lava meets the
ocean.
History
http://hawaiiblogging.com/2011/05/2
5/kilauea-volcano-facts-informationlocation-military-camp-and-tours/
Location of Taal on
the map .
Taal is located in the
Philippines .
Height – 311 meters
 Type – Andesitic volcano
 Taal is an active volcano

Taal is part of a chain of volcanoes on
Luzon .
 Smallest active volcano in the world.
 Over thirty eruptions have been
recorded since the 16th century.
 Its one of the of the active volcanoes in
the Philippines and part of the “Pacific
Ring Of Fire.”


Taal is part of a chain of volcanoes on
the island of Luzon, which were formed
by two tectonic plates colliding over
500,000 years ago.
33 eruptions have been recorded since
1572.
 The volcano had several violent
eruptions in the past causing loss of life in
the island and the populated areas
surrounding the lake, with the death toll
estimated at around 5,000 to 6,000.

There could possibly be more eruptions in
the future, but you never know the
volcano has been quiet since 1997.
 It shows signs of unrest since 1991.

By Steven Chen
New Zealand's latitude and longitude is 41°
00' S and 174 ° 00' E
White island's Latitude: 37.52°S 37°31'0"S
Longitude: 177.18°E 177°11'0"E





Volcano Type: Stratovolcanoes (Composite)
White Island: Active
Summit Elevation: 321 m
Volcano: White Island




Last Known Eruption: 2001
There are 22 layers of lava on the ground
Yellow Sulfur deposits can be found on the
Island.
70% of the Volcano is under water


According to legend, the island was created
by fire demons.
Sulphur mining was attempted but was
abandoned in 1914 after a lahars killed all 10
workers.

In the 1914 eruption of White Island 1-50
casualties have occur (few)



Height of the top above sea level: 3768m
Santa Maria is a large active volcano.
Volcano: Santa Maria


Santa Maria was form by a tectonic plate.
October 1902 santa Maria erupted, it was the largest
eruption that time.

The future will be that it might erupt again.
Yellowstone Super-Volcano
Wyoming
Wyoming
Yellowstone Caldera showing
previous eruptions
Yellowstone Super-Volcano

Elevation: 9203ft ( 2805 m)
Dormant (non-active)
Caldera- A cauldron-like volcanic
feature usually made by the
collapse of land after an eruption.
History-Formation

Was a hot spot volcano
Was eroded over thousands of years
Felt effects of lava and covered by
forest
History-Eruptions

The last eruption was 640,000 years
ago
The one before was 1.2million years
ago
The earliest one we can record was 2
million years ago
History-Effect

The last eruption spread debris out
240 cubic miles
Then the central portion collapsed
then making a 28-47 mile caldera
The Future!
 What the future holds about the Yellowstone
caldera is unknown
Will it end the world?
Based on the activity and the increasing
activity some say yes some say no
But when it does it has the power to
certainly do so
it is estimated it will erupt in the next
50000 years
 Mount
Vesuvius is a composite volcano
 It’s height above sea level is1350m (1.35km)
4,203ft tall.
Mount Vesuvius is a in the
Gulf of Naples , Italy, about 9
kilometers (5.6 mi) east of
Naples .
This volcano isn’t dead it will erupt in the
future.
MAUNA LOA, HAWIA
By Seth Lewis
• It is on Hawaii’s southernmost island
Mauna
Mauna
Loa
Loa
• It is a shield volcano
• It is active today
• It is 13,680 above sea
level
Mauna Loa is …….
• Mauna loa erupted 18 times in the last 41 years
• It’s biggest eruption was from March 24,1950 to June 1,
1950
• In all it has had 39 eruptions
MAUNA LOA’S FUTURE
• No one really knows it’s future
• Hopefully it will stay active for many
years to come
Mayon
Albay province , mayon
Mayon
Mayon
Mayon
 2462 M(8077 Ft)
 Mayon is a strato or
composite volcano
 Mayon is an active
volcano
Mayon
Mayon
 Located between the
Eurasian and Philippines
plate
 The first eruption was in
1616
 Erupted over 49 times in the
past 400 years
 4,000 to 5,000 casualties of
all Mayon eruptions
Mayon
Mayon is a active volcano and it’s still erupting now
Paricutin Volcano
Paricutin volcano
By: Pete Luce
Paricutin Volcano
The Paricutin Volcano
•The
Paricutin
volcano is
located in
Paricutin,
Mexico.
• Located in Paricutin, Mexico.
Physical Description of Paricutin.
Paricutin now stands
1,345 ft above the ground
and 9,210 ft above sea
level.
Paricutin is a cinder cone
volcano.
History of the Paricutin Volcano.
The Paricutin Volcano grew out
of a corn field in 1943.
The eruption ended in 1952.
In 1 day the volcano grew 40 ft
tall .In 1 week it grew 500 ft .In 1
year it grew 1200 ft!
The volcanic ash from Paricutin
fell as far as Mexico City
Paricutin in 1950 was named
after a small Tarascan Indian
village.
Paricutin
History (continued)
The worst of Paricutin’s eruptions took place in 1943
,when the volcano was still young.
This type of eruption is called a Strombolian
Eruption.
Nearly 1000 people died from this
Volcano in 1949.
This volcano is one of many
hundreds of cone volcanoes in the
area.
The Future of Paricutin.
 Scientists think that Paricutin will
erupt one day in the future.
SAKURAJIMA,JAPAN
Location of
Mount
Sakurajima
Location of Japan
Facts about Sakurajima.
Sakurajima is 111,7 metres (3,665 feet)
Sakurajima is a stratovolcano
History about Sakurajima volcano.
Sakurajima is a volcano in japan which
Stromboli
Location: Aeolian Islands, Italy
Stromboli
Stromboli
 Elevation: 924 m (3,031 ft)
 Volcano Type: Composite Volcano
Stromboli
 Stromboli is located above a subduction zone formed
where the Eurasian and African plates collide
 It has been continuously erupting since 1932
 It has 70000 US Casualties
 Stromboli cause many building and house to be crushed
Stromboli
 Stromboli is active and it will continue to erupt.
Located in mexico
¥
¥
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Colima is the most active volcano in México.
It has erupted 40 times in recorded history
It is 4330 meters tall
€
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traffic stopped
rode destroyed
Forests destroyed
Animals killed
People injured
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Colima is on 3 plate boundries
Oceanic coco's and Rivera's

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