Chapter 18 Section 1 Popes and Kings

Report
DO NOW
Explain the meaning of this quote:
“Just as the moon gets her light from the sun, and is
inferior to the sun in quality, quantity, position, and effect,
so the royal power gets the splendor of its dignity from
the papal authority”. Pope Innocent III
POPES & KINGS
CHAPTER 18 SECTION 1
Big Idea: Popes & Kings dominated society in the Middle Ages
POWER OF THE POPES & POWER OF KINGS
BY 1000 AD
Representative to God on Earth
Spiritual Leader
Excommunicated- anyone
working against the church
At times: Political leader
-(lived like royalty)
Some Kings had little real power
Except: England, France, & HRE
Governed countries
HRE: viewed as protectors of
the Pope
HRE: didn’t inherit throne, were
elected by empire’s nobles
Both respected & admired
POPES FIGHT FOR POWER & CLASH
• A series of popes wanted to increase authority over eastern
bishops
• 1054- Pope Leo IX- excommunicated eastern bishops (Byzantine)
• Argued the 1st pope was Saint Peter leader of the Christian church,
popes should follow him
• Created a permanent split b/w Orthodox Church & Catholic Church
• Power struggles- kings thought they should appoint bishops in
their countries
• 1073 Pope Gregory VII disapproved of Henry IV (HRE) choice of
bishop in the Holy Roman Empire
• Henry angry at Gregory, Gregory excommunicated Henry, Henry
apologized, Pope more power than Emperor, compromise
OPEN TEXTBOOK TO PAGE 525 & 526
(MAP & PRIMARY SOURCE ACTIVITY)
• With a partner please interpret the
map on page 525 & answer the two
questions below the map of Europe.
• With a partner please read & answer
the question regarding the primary
source reading on page 526
REVIEW
• With a person sitting next to you discuss the answers to
these questions below:
• 1.) Whom might a pope choose to excommunicate?
• 2.) How did becoming a king in England & France differ
from how it was done in the Holy Roman Empire?
• 3.) Predict what might have happened if Leo IX had not
excommunicated the bishop of Constantinople?
• 4.) What compromise solved the conflict over who had
the right to choose bishops?
CLASSWORK / HOMEWORK
• Classwork:
Section Summary Handout (Chapter 18 Section 1)
• Homework:
pg. 524 identify key terms & people & pg. 527 #1-4

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