English SOL`s 2010 instructional updates

Report
Full Implementation of the 2010
English Standards of Learning:
Instructional Updates
Jackie Kelley
English Specialist
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Standards of Learning Review
Process
• The Standards of Quality require the Board
of Education to review the Standards of
Learning on a regular schedule.
• The English Standards of Learning were
developed in 1995 and revised in 2002.
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July 2012
Standards of Learning Review
Process
• Higher Education Review Committee
meets to review proposed SOL
• Feedback solicited from business leaders
• Following first review, the proposed
English SOL placed on the VDOE Web
site for review and public comment
• A series of Public hearings held as
prescribed the BOE
• The proposed English SOL presented to
BOE for final review and adoption
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July 2012
English Curriculum Framework
Review Process
• In writing the Curriculum Framework, the
following were considered:
• Alignment studies from Achieve, College Board,
and ACT
• Reports from National Council of Teachers of
English (NCTE), International Reading
Association (IRA), The American Association of
School Librarians (AASL)
• Common Core State Standards for English
Language Arts
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July 2012
Schedule of implementation
• January 2010 –BOE approves and adopts the
2010 English Standards of Learning
• November 2010 – BOE approves and adopts the
2010 English Standards of Learning Curriculum
Framework
• 2011-2012 – SOL Field testing on items aligned
to the 2010 English Standards of Learning
• February – April, 2012 – SOL online writing field
test for grades 5, 8, and EOC
• Fall 2012 - Full implementation of SOL EOC
Reading
• Spring 2013 - Full implementation of grades 3-8
and EOC Reading; grades 5, 8, and EOC Writing
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July 2012
IMPLICATIONS FOR
INSTRUCTION
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July 2012
Curriculum Framework
• Students are expected to continue to
apply knowledge, skills, and processes
from Standards of Learning presented
in previous grades as they build
expertise in English.
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July 2012
Curriculum Framework
• Assessment items may not and should
not be a verbatim reflection of the
information presented in the
Curriculum Framework.
• It is not meant to be an exhaustive or a
limiting document.
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July 2012
English Curriculum Framework
• Use all 3 columns of the English Framework Curriculum
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July 2012
Vocabulary
• Differentiate between denotation and
connotation
• Figurative language is addressed in
vocabulary (stand alone items)
• 9-12 vocabulary standards address idioms
and allusions - should not be taught in
isolation
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Vocabulary
• Vocabulary standards appear as the first
standard under reading in 4-12
• Use authentic texts, not merely word lists
• Use of affixes and roots
• Common Greek and Latin roots and affixes
Vision to Practice
July 2012
4-12 Reading
• Stronger vertical alignment grades 4-12
• Reading divided into fiction and nonfiction
strands
• Vocabulary standards appear as the first
standard under reading in 4-12
• Fiction includes narrative nonfiction, poetry,
and drama
Vision to Practice
July 2012
4-12 Reading
• SOL tests will emphasize nonfiction reading
using both informational and functional
passages
• Nonfiction reading includes emphasis on
text structures
• 9-12 nonfiction standards include
identification of faulty reasoning
• Main idea and supporting details in fiction
and nonfiction
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July 2012
6-12 Reading
• Reading strategies are emphasized in each
strand including before, during, and after
reading
• Both fiction and nonfiction emphasize
making inferences and drawing conclusions
• Comparing texts is emphasized in 8-12
• Pair passages of same topic: fiction and
nonfiction
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July 2012
9-12 Fiction Reading
• School divisions have the choice of sequence of
American, British, and world literature (10,11,12)
• Grade 9 fiction standard includes all literary
terms
• Grade 11 fiction standard includes literary
movements, archetypal characters, and themes
• No required reading list; local choice
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July 2012
4-12 Nonfiction Reading
• Instruction should include both
informational and functional passages
• Nonfiction reading includes emphasis on
text structures and organizational patterns
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July 2012
6-12 Reading Nonfiction
Use of text features:
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Bold-face/italics
Use of color type
Underlining
Indentation
Side bars
Illustrations, graphics, photographs
Headings and subheadings
Footnotes and annotations
Vision to Practice
July 2012
6-12 Reading Nonfiction
Patterns of organizing nonfiction texts:
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Chronological or sequential
Comparison/contrast
Cause and effect
Problem-solution
Generalization or principle (explanation)
Enumeration or listing
Concept definition
Process
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July 2012
4-12 Writing
• Writing revolves around mode, purpose, audience,
and process
• All students should be given practice writing on
demand, for shorter time frames, and over extended
periods of time
• Each grade level has a composing/revision standard
and an editing/grammar standard
• SOL writing does NOT require 5 paragraphs
Vision to Practice
July 2012
4-12 Writing
• Provide students with opportunities to compose
using computer technology (NAEP; SOL writing
online 5, 8, EOC)
• Provide students opportunities to use the Online
Practice SOL Writing Tool (no prompts provided)
• Teaching writing is an expectation of every grade,
not only “tested” grades
• Self- and peer-editing opportunities for students are
essential
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July 2012
9-12 Writing
• Argumentative, persuasive, and analytical
writing is emphasized in 11th and 12th
grades
• Students should be able to produce a sound
argument, address counterclaims, provide
sound reasoning, and come to a just
conclusion
• Teachers need to stress “real life” writing
opportunities~ not merely literary analysis
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Research (Grades 4-12)
• Consequences of plagiarism, following
ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and
using information stressed grades 3-12
• Strand begins at grade 4
• Students conduct research projects in
grades 4 and 5
• Citation of primary and secondary sources
begins in grade 6
• MLA or APA documentation required in
grades 9-12
Vision to Practice
July 2012
4-12 Research
• Critically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and
validity of the information
• Frame, analyze, and synthesize information
to solve problems, answer questions, and
generate new knowledge
• Each research “product” does not have to be
a paper
• Incorporate Media Literacy into research
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Communication/Media Literacy
• Provide opportunities for collaboration
• Use of 21st century skills
• Paraphrasing and summarizing
• Active listening skills
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July 2012
Communication/Media Literacy
• Identify author, audience, content, and
purpose of media messages
• Compare/contrast auditory, visual, and
written media messages
• Identify persuasive techniques in
media messages
• Distinguish between fact and opinion
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Communication/Media Literacy
• 9-12 Review of media for persuasive or
rhetorical devices
• Pairs with persuasive/analytical reading and
writing
• Opportunities to write/analyze blogs, Web
sites, Pod casts, wikis, etc.
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Virginia College and Career
Readiness Initiative
• Designed to strengthen students'
preparation for college and the work force
before leaving high school
• English Performance Expectations (EPE) are
comprised of 51 Standards in reading,
writing, and communicating
Vision to Practice
July 2012
English Performance
Expectations
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July 2012
Next Steps
• SOL Institutes July 10 – August 7
• Enhanced Scope and Sequence
Summer 2012
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July 2012
English SOL Tests
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July 2012
Phase-Out of Paper/Pencil
Testing
• Language in the Appropriations Act requires
that all Standards of Learning (SOL) tests be
administered online by:
• 2010-2011 for all high schools
• 2011-2012 for all middle schools
• 2012-2013 for all elementary schools
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Phase-Out of Paper/Pencil
Testing: Exceptions
SOL tests available in a paper/pencil
format for students with a documented
need
Examples include:
• Attends school in a location where the
required technology is not available
(e.g., out-placed students or
homebound)
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July 2012
Examples of Documented
Needs for Paper/Pencil Testing
• Accommodation in the IEP, 504 Plan, or LEP Plan
requires a paper test (e.g., Large-Print or Braille)
• Documented medical condition (e.g., seizure
disorder) where exposure to a computer will
aggravate the student’s condition
• Other exceptions must be approved by the VDOE
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Use of Technology-Enhanced
Items
• Online testing allows use of “technologyenhanced” items (TEI)
• TEI items make up 15 % of SOL
Reading/Writing Assessments
• Provides new ways of assessing higher
order thinking skills
• Students indicate answers in different ways
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Changes to SOL Reading Tests
• Research will be tested in writing instead of
reading
• The Reporting Categories include:
• word analysis
• comprehension of fiction
• comprehension of nonfiction
• Beginning in grade 5, there are more
nonfiction than fiction items
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July 2012
4-12 Reading Blueprints
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July 2012
Grade 3 Reading
2012-2013 SOL Test
2009-2010 SOL Test
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July 2012
Grade 8 Reading
2012-2013 SOL Test
2009-2010 SOL Test
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July 2012
EOC Reading
2012-2013 SOL Test
2009-2010 SOL Test
Vision to Practice
July 2012
Changes to SOL Writing Tests
• The End-of-Course direct writing prompt is
persuasive
 Research will be tested in writing
 Composing/Written Expression is now one
combined domain
 Prompts will be released before the tests
Vision to Practice
July 2012
SOL Writing Blueprints
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July 2012
Scoring with the SOL Writing
Rubric
All student papers are read by at least
two readers; their scores are added
together
Composing/Written Expression score
counts twice
Usage/Mechanics score counts once
If judges scores are more than 1 point
apart, papers are read by a third judge
Vision to Practice
July 2012
SOL Two Domain Writing
Rubric
• Composing/Written
Expression
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Audience/purpose
Central Idea
Effective conclusions
Counter arguments
Elaboration
Unity
Organization
Deliberate Word
Choice
Selected, Precise
Information
Sentence Variety
Tone
Voice
• Usage and
Mechanics
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Sentence Formation
Usage
Standard Inflections
Comparison of
Adjectives / Adverbs
Agreement
Mechanics
Capitalization
Spelling
Punctuation
Formatting
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July 2012
Writing Rubrics
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July 2012
Grade 5 Writing
2012-2013 SOL Test
2009-2010 SOL Test
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July 2012
Grade 8 Writing
2012-2013 SOL Test
2009-2010 SOL Test
Vision to Practice
July 2012
EOC Writing
2012-2013 SOL Test
2009-2010 SOL Test
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July 2012
RESOURCES
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July 2012
VDOE Writing Practice Tool
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July 2012
VDOE Writing Practice Tool
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July 2012
VDOE Writing Practice Tool
Typing tools
Current line
location
Progress bar
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July 2012
4-12 Writing
Online Writing Practice Tool available at:
http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/pr
actice/writing_practice_tool.shtml
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July 2012
http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/frameworks/english
_framewks/2010/english_sol_crosswalk_02_10.pdf
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July 2012
Literacy Web Page
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July 2012
SOL Progression Charts
Writing
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July 2012
SOL Progression Charts
Reading
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July 2012
Online Writing Web Page
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July 2012
Writing Resources
Downloadable Writing Process graphic
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July 2012
Questions?
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July 2012
Contact Information
Jackie Kelley
English Specialist
Virginia Department of
Education
[email protected]
804-786-2484
Vision to Practice
July 2012

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