Problem Based Learning and Teacher Technology Training Problem Based Learning and Teacher Technology Training Problem Based Learning and Teacher Technology Training The Problem: Teachers are not effectively using the computer for web-based activities in the classroom. Many teachers don’t know how to: Create activities for their students involving the Internet Use WebQuests Use software to create web pages Create technology projects with educational objectives Causes of the Problem: (Shelton, 1996) Perceived inadequacies in training Lack of time for preparation Limited access to computer hardware/software Lack of support Additional Cause: Resistance to change According to Becker, (1999) teachers need to be convinced of the value of engaging students in PBL. The Answer: Technology Training for Teachers The Four T’s (Shelton & Jones, 1996) Time Training Technology (hardware & software) Teacher-type tasks The Answer (Part 2) Problem Based Learning The strategy explained: “Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional strategy that promotes active learning.” (Samford University, 2000) “PBL is any learning environment in which the problem drives the learning. That is, before students learn some knowledge they are given a problem. The problem is posed so that the students discover that they need to learn some new knowledge before they can solve the problem.” (Woods, 1996) Characteristics of PBL Learning is student centered. Learning occurs in small groups. Teachers are facilitators or guides. Problems form the organizing focus and stimulus for learning. Problems are a vehicle for the development of clinical problem-solving skills. New information is acquired through self-directed learning. Process of PBL Confront a problem. Solve the problem. Organize what Is known and identify the nature of the problem. Gather information. Pose questions. Design a plan: That solves the problem That identifies needed resources. Outcomes of PBL Ability to find and use appropriate resources Problem-solving skills Self-directed learning skills Critical thinking Facility with computer Ability to work on a team Communication skills Problem-Based Learning causes a shift in roles (imsa.edu, 2001) T ea cher a s coach S tu d en t a s act ive P ro b lem as in iti al M od els/ coach es/fa d es p ro b le m so lv er ch alle n ge and in : m otiv ati o n • A sking abo ut • A cti v e p art ici p an t • Ill -st ructu red th in ki n g • E n gage d • A p peal s to h um an • M on it o ri n g l ear n in g • C o nstr u ct ing d es ire f o r • P rob in g /c h alle n ging m eani n g reso lu tio n /sta sis / stud en ts h ar m on y • K eep in g pr o cess • S ets u p n eed for and m ov in g co ntex t of l earni n g •M on it o ri n g/ad ju sti n g w hich f o llow s levels o f ch all eng e At PBL’s organizing center is The Ill-Structured Problem Complex in nature Requires inquiry, information-gathering, and reflection Is changing and tentative Has no simple, fixed, “right” solution Our Study Research Problem: Teachers are not effectively using technology in the classroom. Research Questions: What impact will instruction in website creation have upon teacher utilization of technology in the classroom? What is the effect of instruction in website creation using a PBL training strategy? How does the use of Dreamweaver software effect teacher utilization of technology in the classroom? Our Study Purpose of the study: To explore whether providing teachers with a simple format of training to create a class website will impact upon their utilization of technology in the classroom. Procedure General population: Classroom teachers employed by SCOE, Grades K-8 Sample: Volunteer teachers employed by SCOE, Grades K-8 Survey: Administer pre- and post-surveys to the subjects. The Survey A Likert scale questionnaire Assesses teacher attitudes towards technology Assesses teacher confidence in technology in general, and web design, specifically The Treatment Three 3 hour sessions on web page design Teaching strategies: Problem Based Learning Mini-lectures Demonstrations, modeling Online tutorials The Treatment (continued) The simulation: A letter from the Technology Director Participants in grade-level groups The assignment: to create a web page template to be used by classroom teachers at a specific grade level. Findings Participants will demonstrate improvement in computer skills and confidence after the treatment. After a follow-up period, there will be an increase in the use of the computer for webbased activities. Links Problem-based learning http://www.samford.edu/pbl.what.html http://www.imsa.edu/team/cpbl/whatis.html http://www.cotf.edu.ete.teacher.tprob/teacherout.html http://www.cusd.chico.k12.ca.us/~pmilbury/collab.html http://www/rims.k12.ca.us/score/ http://www.edserv.sjcoe.k12.ca.us/score/index.html http://www.ctap2.bcoe.butte.k12.ca.us/score/index.html http://www.bham.wednet.edu/quest.htm More Links Dreamweaver tutorial and templates http://www.taskstream.com/Main/login/default.asp Http://www.trainingcafe.com/members/coursesite WebQuest Page http://edweb.sdsu.edu/webquest/webquest.html Suggestions for future research: What would be the effect of using the PBL strategy along with the spreadsheet or database tool in teacher technology training? Would there be a difference in effectiveness when comparing elementary-school vs. high school teachers using the approach in this study? Problem Based Learning Let’s try it!