Obstacles to Critical Thinking

Report
Obstacles to Critical Thinking
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Unmet survival needs
Prejudice, bias and
oppression
Unreflective acceptance
of societal and cultural
attitudes and beliefs
Stereotypes
Blind obedience and
deference to authority
Habit
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Loaded language
Limited access to
information (uncertainty)
One-sided thinking
Psychological blocks
(anxiety, depression,
trauma, consumerism,
arrogance, etc.)
Cognitive heuristics
Relativism
Key Critical Thinking Skills
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Analysis
 Examining data and
weighing evidence
 Critical reading
 Observation and
description
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Self-reflection
 Expression
 Assessing relevance
4 Tools of Critical Thinking
 Surveillance
Tools
 Analytical Tools
 Synthesis (Synthesizing Tools)
 Problem-Solving Tools
Frame of Reference involves…
 Experience
 Prior
knowledge
 Assumptions and background beliefs
 Values
Frame of Reference affects…
 Considerations
of relevance
 Methodology
 Evidence
utilized
 Interpretation
 Receptiveness to alternatives
Key Dimensions of Diversity
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Frames of reference
Power relations
Language and
Culture
Values
Religion
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Race and Ethnicity
Social Class
Gender
Age
Orientation
Ability

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