4. Example with struts and two walls

Tutorial 4: Two walls connected with struts
Deep Excavation LLC
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
DeepEX is a software program for braced excavations in soils with 2D limit-equilibrium and non-linear analysis
methods, and structural verification of all elements (with AISC, ASD, Eurocodes).
It offers the ability to analyze walls with multiple braces (tiebacks) in multilayered soils.
The non-linear analysis considers elastoplastic behavior for the whole soil-wall-support system.
The program also offers the ability to perform traditional limit-equilibrium analyses.
The graphical interface is completely interactive and the input is simplified to a great extend.
The program utilizes archives of wall types, structural and soil materials, ground anchors etc.
The analysis can be performed in either an utlimate state or at a service state (allowable design, LRFD, or Eurocode 7
design approach methods).
The program offers the ability to automatically set all critical settings according to the desired design methodology.
Corso Paratie, Milano 30 settembre 2009
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
File menu
section list
(right click)
Project tree
3D Model
View and
Model stages (right
click options similar to
Program layout
General input tabs
Model space (left or right click
on any item)
Mouse is over
Command prompt
(enter coordinates)
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
Press to perform
Enter basic project information
1. Select this
2. Define the
project name etc.
3. Press OK
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1. Select this
Move model elevations
2. Set new reference
elevation to 100 ft
3. Check All boreholes
(this moves all soil
4. Press OK
1. Add a 2nd
2. Double click
on right wall
3. Change
3.1 Change
xwall= 60ft
Depth L= 45ft
Define basic model limits
(top, bottom, left, right)
1. Select this
2. Set Top= 130ft
Bottom= 40ft
Left= -60ft
Right= 120ft
3. Press OK
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Modify soil types
(database of
1. Select this button.
Expand the Soils Tree and Double click on F
Options: Right click or press Delete
Note: In DeepEX you can use any soil type in more than one
borehole. For example the F soil can be used in boring 1 or
boring 2 etc.
You can use any Boring on any design section. Thus changing
any property of the F soil will affect all the excavation Design
Sections where F is used!
Boring with F
Soil type data form
Short soil name,
description and color.
Available soil
Soil type & initial
clay behavior
Add new, copy,
delete, paste soil
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
Test data for estimating soil
Soil type continued
Soil properties: General
Soil name: F (this appears in the boring)
Description: Detailed soil description.
Soil type: Sand
gt= 125 kcf : Total unit weight
gdry= 120 kcf : Dry unit weight (above water table)
c‘= 0 : Effective cohesion
F’= 30 degrees : Effective friction angle
v= 0.35 Poisson’s ratio
Kx = Horizontal permeability
Kz = Vertical permeability
Parameters only for clays
Su = Undrained shear strength
Fcv= Constant volume shearing angle
Fpeak= Peak shearing angle
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
Soil properties (Resistance and
Enter elasticity values as shown before.
Click on > buttons for more options.
KoNC = At rest lateral earth pressure
coefficient for normally consolidated state.
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
Soil S1
Soil properties: Change S1
A. General
Soil name: S1 (this appears in the boring)
Description: Sand Detailed soil description.
Soil type: Sand
gt =125 pcf : Total unit weight
gdry= 120 pcf: Dry unit
c‘ 0: Effective cohesion
F’ = 36 degrees : Effective friction angle
V = 0.35 Poisson’s ratio
C. Elasto-plastic
E = 500 ksf
rEur = 3
D. Bond
Ultimate bond = 30 psi
Press OK
Edit Borings (soil
To edit the soil layers double click on the model
The borings can also be edited from:
a) Edit Borings Button.
Or from the:
Tree View – Stratigraphy – boreholes
Double click here (or right click) with the mouse.
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
Enter Soil
To edit the soil layers click on the blue
button and enter the top of layer
For this example type 90 here:
Then select soil type S1 here:
Press OK
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
click on
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
2. Select edit section data,
to change wall properties
1. Change wall
depth to 45ft
Number of nodes
controls the divisions
along the wall in a limitequilibrium analysis.
(Suggested 200 min, or
set so that small
intervals (0.25 ft) are
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Change wall section AZ 19 sheet pile
1. Change wall type
2. Select AZ-19
3. Select A50 steel
(fy= 50 ksi)
4. Select OK
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Wall using AZ-19 wall section
Select OK
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Add a new stage (Model Tab)
Or right click (to add a stage, similar to Excel)
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Stage 1 change center El. 90
Stage 1
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Add Stage 2: Add a strut at El. +92
Right click and add stage 2
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
You can also drag the surface with your
Select tool to add a strut
Note: After selecting the “Draw ground anchor
button” the program tells you to select/enter the
1st tieback point at the wall (x z)
DeepEX 2015 – Advanced course
Add tieback with mouse
1. Select 1st point on left wall (we will
modify the coordinates later
2. Select 2nd point on right wall
Edit strut section
• Typing PP24x0.375 will generate a pipe 24” OD x 0.375” thick wall
• Typing PM600x12 will generate a pipe 600 mm OD x 12mm wall
stage and excavate to El. +80
Changing the water table
• Double click or drag the water table
• Change the water elevations in the general tab
• Click on the water table button
• The drop down offers other possibilities for drawing user defined
water profiles.

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