Presentation by: Delaney Davis • In this presentation I will explain the Elements of Literature using the short story “Cranes” as an example. The five elements I will go over with you are Plot, Characterization, Setting, Point of View/Narrator/Voice, and Theme. Exposition Song-sam decides to quit smoking infront of Tok-chae. • Tok-chae explains to Song-sam about his father and that he was married to Shorty. • We find out that Song-sam had to leave his family to go North to help with the war. Song-sam decides to escort Tok-chae to Chongdan • • Korean War Song-sam realizes Tok-chae is a prisoner about to be escorted to Chongdan • • Resolution Two Tanjong cranes soar into the autumn sky, fluttering their wings. Song-sam decides to let Tok-chae go free. • • Song-sam unties Tok-chae’s hands. Song-sam wants to stop for a crane hunt. We find out about the crane story when the boys were younger. • • • Come across the neutral zone of the 38th parallel and remembering the time when the boys caught a crane together. Inciting Incident Climax Denouement • I believe the resolution of Cranes was when Song-sam decides to untie Tok-chae and let him go free. This is because the inciting incident is that Song-sam realizes that Tok-chae is a prisoner and begins escorting him to Chonadan, and the resolution usually solves the inciting incident and I believe by Song-sam freeing Tokchae that the inciting incident is solved. • The main characters in Cranes are Tok-chae and Songsam. The others informs the reader that the to boys are childhood friends that lost touch when the war began. We’re told that Tokchae was a poor hard working farmer, his father is ill and Tok-chae decided to stay with him till he passed instead of escaping like he wanted to. Song-sam was much the same but he decided to leave his family instead of staying behind. This shows that both of the characters were hard working and cared for their families. • Cranes takes place in a village along the 38th parallel between North and South Korea in the early 1950’s around the Korean War. It was about mid afternoon when the story plays out. The atmosphere seems very tense, people are fearful. The war has a big effect on the story because it has effected both Song-sam’s and Tok-chae life in some way and it is the reason Tok-chae is a prisoner. • The point of view in the story Cranes was written in third person omniscient because we get to experience the thoughts and feelings of both Song-sam and Tok-chae. An example is when Song-sam feels a sudden surge of anger or when he thought of days when him and Tok-cahe would share dried gourd leaves. Another example is when Tokchae was puzzled struck dumb, or when he thinks a bullet is going to come from where Song-sam had gone. The tone and voice of this story I would say is very serious and a little suspenseful because we are waiting and wanting to know what happens between Song-sam and Tokchae. • True friendship can withstand even the hardest of times. • I decided on this theme for Cranes because throughout the story you here about Song-sam’s and Tok-chae’s friendship and the times they had together like when they went to steal chestnuts from the old man in their village and when they caught a crane together. Because of their past in the end Song-sam decides to let Tok-chae even though in the beginning he is really upset with him and is taking him as a prisoner. • In conclusion, I have used the story Cranes to explain the five element of literature, plot, characterization, setting, point of view/narrator/voice, and theme. Cranes was a very good short story, a reason I enjoyed it is because I believe it showed a lot about friendship and freedom and those two things a very important in everybody's life.