Elements of Literature in “Cranes”

Presentation by: Delaney Davis
• In this presentation I will explain the Elements
of Literature using the short story “Cranes” as
an example. The five elements I will go over
with you are Plot, Characterization, Setting,
Point of View/Narrator/Voice, and Theme.
Song-sam decides to quit smoking
infront of Tok-chae.
Tok-chae explains to Song-sam about his
father and that he was married to Shorty.
• We find out that Song-sam had to leave his
family to go North to help with the war.
Song-sam decides to escort Tok-chae
to Chongdan
Korean War
Song-sam realizes Tok-chae is a prisoner
about to be escorted to Chongdan
Two Tanjong cranes soar into the autumn sky,
fluttering their wings.
Song-sam decides to let Tok-chae
go free.
Song-sam unties Tok-chae’s
Song-sam wants to stop for a
crane hunt.
We find out about the crane story when the
boys were younger.
Come across the neutral zone of the 38th
parallel and remembering the time when the
boys caught a crane together.
Inciting Incident
• I believe the resolution of Cranes was when
Song-sam decides to untie Tok-chae and let him
go free. This is because the inciting incident is
that Song-sam realizes that Tok-chae is a
prisoner and begins escorting him to Chonadan,
and the resolution usually solves the inciting
incident and I believe by Song-sam freeing Tokchae that the inciting incident is solved.
• The main characters in Cranes are Tok-chae and Songsam. The others informs the reader that the to boys
are childhood friends that lost touch when the war
began. We’re told that Tokchae was a poor hard
working farmer, his father is ill and Tok-chae decided
to stay with him till he passed instead of escaping like
he wanted to. Song-sam was much the same but he
decided to leave his family instead of staying behind.
This shows that both of the characters were hard
working and cared for their families.
• Cranes takes place in a village along the 38th
parallel between North and South Korea in the
early 1950’s around the Korean War. It was
about mid afternoon when the story plays out.
The atmosphere seems very tense, people are
fearful. The war has a big effect on the story
because it has effected both Song-sam’s and
Tok-chae life in some way and it is the reason
Tok-chae is a prisoner.
• The point of view in the story Cranes was written in third person
omniscient because we get to experience the thoughts and
feelings of both Song-sam and Tok-chae. An example is when
Song-sam feels a sudden surge of anger or when he thought of
days when him and Tok-cahe would share dried gourd leaves.
Another example is when Tokchae was puzzled struck dumb, or
when he thinks a bullet is going to come from where Song-sam
had gone. The tone and voice of this story I would say is very
serious and a little suspenseful because we are waiting and
wanting to know what happens between Song-sam and Tokchae.
• True friendship can withstand even the hardest
of times.
• I decided on this theme for Cranes because
throughout the story you here about Song-sam’s
and Tok-chae’s friendship and the times they had
together like when they went to steal chestnuts from
the old man in their village and when they caught
a crane together. Because of their past in the end
Song-sam decides to let Tok-chae even though in
the beginning he is really upset with him and is
taking him as a prisoner.
• In conclusion, I have used the story Cranes to explain
the five element of literature, plot, characterization,
setting, point of view/narrator/voice, and theme.
Cranes was a very good short story, a reason I
enjoyed it is because I believe it showed a lot about
friendship and freedom and those two things a very
important in everybody's life.

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