Amendments 16-27

Report
+
Amendments 16-27
Of the United States
Constitution
+
Amendments ratified in 1913
16th Amendment:
 Allows
Congress the power to pass income tax
laws and to collect taxes
17th Amendment:
 Allows
senators to be elected by the people of
their states
+
18th
Amendment:
Prohibition

Bans the making
and selling of
alcoholic
beverages

passed in 1919
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21st Amendment

Ends Prohibition

Gives the states the
right to decide
whether or not to ban
liquor

Passed in 1933
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Amendments
that
Extended
voting rights
The 19th , 23rd , 24th,
and 26th Amendments
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The 19th Amendment

Gives women the right to vote

The first state to give women the right to
vote was Wyoming in 1890

The fight for women’s right to vote
continued until the passing of the 19th
amendment in 1920
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The 23rd Amendment

Since the late 1700s people living in the District of Columbia
(Washington, D.C.) were not allowed to vote in national
elections

Passed in 1961, this amendment gave citizens living in DC
the right to vote for president and vice-president
+




The 24th Amendment
Ended the poll tax in federal elections in 1964.
Many southern states adopted a poll tax in the late 1800s
People had to pay this special tax before they could vote.
Many people thought that this tax was meant to keep African Americans
from voting.
26th Amendment
+

Before 1971, the states set
the voting age and this age
varied among the states.

This amendment set the
voting age at 18 in all
states.
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Amendments related to
government offices
The 20th, 22nd, 25th, and 27th
amendments
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Amendments 22 and 25
 The
22nd amendment limits the term of the
president to two elected terms
 Passed
in 1951
 The
25th amendment identifies who will fill the
positions of president and vice-president if these
persons leave office or become disabled
 Passed
in 1967
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Amendments 20 and 27

The 20th amendment sets
new dates for Congress to
begin

It also sets January 20 as the
day the President takes
office

Passed in 1933

The 27th amendment says
that any pay raise that
Congress votes for itself
will not take place until
after the next
Congressional election

Passed in 1992
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Amendments that have not passed

After the 15th Amendment, 43 years passed before
changes were made to the Constitution.

Twelve amendments were added (Amendments
16-27) from 1913 to 1992.
 Since
1971, several amendments have been
proposed but most have failed to pass
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Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

Congress approved the
ERA in 1972

The amendment stated that
equal rights should not be
limited due to a person’s
sex

Congress sent the ERA to
the states for approval

It DID NOT pass!!!

Congress extended the
time limit for ratification
until 1982

Again, It DID NOT pass!!!
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 In 1989 Congress
proposed an
amendment that made
it illegal to burn the
American flag.

The Supreme Court
ruled that this
amendment would be
unconstitutional.

people’s right to burn
the flag was a form of
free speech protected
by the 1st Amendment

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