BASKETBALL Essential Questions Basketball What is the difference between offense and defense in basketball? What is the difference between shooting a basketball and passing a basketball? HISTORY James Naismith was the Canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891. The first rules were created in 1892. Initially, players dribbled a soccer ball up and down a court of unspecified dimensions. Points were earned by landing the ball in a peach basket. HISTORY •Iron hoops and a hammock-style basket were introduced in 1893. •The open-ended net was introduced ten years later. This put an end to manually retrieving the ball from the basket each time a goal was scored. •In 1959, James Naismith was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame. HOW TO PLAY There are 2 teams Ball advances down the court by dribbling, passing, or shooting A player scores by shooting the ball into their basket; 1 point for free throws, 2 points for floor shots, 3 points for shots beyond the 3 point line The ball is given to the other team after a scoring The game is won by the team with the most points after time has expired BASKETBALL SAFETY Wear appropriate athletic clothing and tennis shoes Players need to be aware of all surroundings making sure to not come in contact with another player, benches or walls Make sure playing area is free of debris and liquid spills Practice proper communication, for example, speaking loud enough for teammates to know where you are on the court. Only pass the ball to a player if the player is looking at you. BASKETBALL EQUIPMENT Basketball Goal and Net BASKETBALL COURT BASKETBALL COURT WHAT IS DRIBBLING? (6th Grade) Using the finger pads and a pushing motion to move the ball from one place to another keeping it under control DRIBBLE VIDEO BASKETBALL DRIBBLING CUES (6th Grade) 1. Eyes forward 2. Finger pads 3. Push the ball downward 4. Ball below waist PASSING (7th Grade) Giving the ball to a teammate by throwing it to their chest, overhead, or bouncing PASSING VIDEO TYPES OF PASSES OVERHEAD PASS (7th Grade) A pass thrown from over the head, to clear a defender or for added power. OVERHEAD PASS VIDEO OVERHEAD PASS CUES (7th Grade) 1. Bring ball behind the head 2. Point elbows to receiver 3. Pass the ball and follow through BOUNCE PASS (7th Grade) A pass that bounces off the floor before it reaches the receiver. BOUNCE PASS VIDEO BOUNCE PASS CUES (7th Grade) 1. Start with ball at chest level 2. Pass the ball to receiver on the first bounce 3. Bounce ball 2/3 the distance from receiver CHEST PASS (7th Grade) A two-handed pass thrown from chest height. CHEST PASS VIDEO CHEST PASS CUES (7th Grade) 1. Ball at chest 2. Two hands-spread the fingers, thumbs behind the ball 3. Elbows out 4. Push the ball and follow through BASKETBALL SHOOTING (8th Grade) Throwing the basketball up towards the basket/goal for the purpose of scoring points; 1 point for free throws , 2 points for floor shots and 3 points for shots beyond the 3 point line BASKETBALL SHOOTING CUES Get Ready 1. Bend the knees. 2. Spread fingers of dominant hand behind the ball. 3. Keep elbow under ball. 4. Watch the target. (8th Grade) Release 1. Push the ball toward the goal. 2. Extend the arm upward toward the goal 3. Arch the ball. 4. Follow through (snap the wrist). SHOOTING CUES PICTURE Eyes on target Spread fingers Elbow under ball Bend Knees FIELD GOAL A basket scored on any shot other than a free throw, worth 2 or 3 points depending on the distance of the attempt from the basket. SET SHOT A shot taken with both feet on the floor in a set position LAY-UP A type of shot, where the player dribbles to the basket and without stopping shoots the ball (right/left/hop/shoot). LAY-UP VIDEO FREE THROW A free shot taken from the free throw line after a foul; worth 1 point if made. THREE POINT SHOT A shot taken from outside a designated area on the court; worth 3 points if made CATCHING Receiving a passed or thrown ball without letting it hit the floor CATCHING VIDEO BASKETBALL PASSING CUES 1. Make a target with your hands 2. Move toward pass 3. Extend arms toward ball to receive 4. Pull ball in towards body as the ball contacts hands OFFENSE The team that has the ball; a player or team responsible for scoring in a game DEFENSE/GUARDING The team that does not have the ball; the process used by a team to prevent an opponent from scoring also called “guarding” PIVOTING To hold onto the ball and move around legally by keeping one foot in the same spot DOUBLE DRIBBLE AND TRAVELING VIOLATIONS A violation of dribbling the ball with two hands, or stopping and restarting the dribble. TRAVELING A violation of moving with the ball without dribbling FOUL A violation resulting from illegal contact COGNITION INFORMATION IDENTIFY THE BASKETBALL Tennis Ball Hockey Puck Soccer Ball Basketball Volleyball IDENTIFY THE BASKETBALL PLAYER basketball football soccer volleyball WHAT SKILL AM I DOING? Shooting Dribbling Passing WHAT SKILL AM I DOING? SHOOTING PLAYING DEFENSE/GUARDING WHAT PASS AM I DOING? WHAT ARE THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF PLAYING BASKETBALL? Playing basketball keeps me at a healthy weight Playing basketball keeps Playing basketball is good for my my muscles strong cardiovascular health WHY SHOULD I PLAY BASKETBALL? Playing basketball is good for my cardiovascular health Playing basketball stimulates my brain Playing basketball helps keep my muscles and joints flexible and strong Playing basketball allows me to make new friends and have fun while being active Cognition Assessments Tools IDENTIFY THE BASKETBALL IDENTIFY THE BASKETBALL PLAYER WHAT SKILL AM I DOING? WHAT SKILL AM I DOING? WHAT PASS AM I DOING? WHAT ARE THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF PLAYING BASKETBALL? WHY SHOULD I PLAY BASKETBALL?