ATTR 200 Sept. 21 & 23 John Walker Illegal play Poor technique Inadequate conditioning Poorly matched player levels *Inadequate protection to previous injury *Inability to protect without restricting motion *Poor quality or maintenance of protective equipment Hand-me-down equipment Focus for purchasing new equipment Equipment regulatory agencies ◦ NOCSAE ◦ NCAA ◦ NFHSA Tort Review Guidelines for proper protective equipment to minimize liability ◦ Buy from reputable manufacturers ◦ Competent assembly; follow directions strictly ◦ Warn about possible risks and dangers of improper use ◦ Ensure proper fit of all equipment NOCSAE standards ◦ Not a warranty ◦ Periodic reconditioning Helmets can last many years Purchasing/reconditioning guidelines Protective ◦ Used to protect specific areas from injury ◦ Think padding ◦ Helmets; shoulder pads; gloves; shin guards Accommodating ◦ Used during activity ◦ Used to stabilize previous injury ◦ Most commonly used for knee Rehabilitative ◦ Used after injury and surgery ◦ Adjustable hinge for ROM ◦ Not used during competition Prophylactic ◦ Used as a preventative measure ◦ Added mechanical support ◦ Braces and taping Low-mass-high-velocity impact High-mass-low-velocity impact Focal Diffuse ◦ NOCSAE warning Do not strike an opponent with any part of this helmet or face mask. This is a violation of football rules and may cause you to suffer a severe brain or neck injury, including paralysis or death. Severe brain or neck injury may also occur accidentally while playing football. NO HELMET CAN PREVENT ALL SUCH INJURIES. YOU USE THIS HELMET AT YOUR OWN RISK. Fitting ◦ Snug fit with no space between pads and the head and face ◦ Cover the base of the skull ◦ Two fingers from brow to front edge ◦ Ears in ear holes ◦ At least three fingers between chin and facemask ◦ Chin strap should keep the helmet from moving in all directions Hockey ◦ Canadian Standards Association not NOCSAE ◦ High-mass-low-velocity and low-mass-highvelocity protection Baseball/softball ◦ NOCSAE standards (similar warning to football) ◦ Suspect protection from high velocity impact Mouth guards ◦ 3 types: stock, moldable, custom fit ◦ Protects teeth, lips, tongue; also helps prevent cerebral concussion ◦ Required in what sports? Eye protection ◦ Protects eyes from fast moving projectiles ◦ Sports that require eye protection Football shoulder pads ◦ Cantilever vs. non-cantilever ◦ Fitting Inside pad must cover shoulder (acromion) Outside pads should cover deltoid muscles but allow movement Straps should hold pads tightly in place Other sports that require shoulder/chest protection Yes, shoes are protective equipment Parts of the shoe ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Toe box Sole Heel counters Shoe uppers Arch support Shoe comparison (pg.204) Shoe lacing (pg.205) Ankle braces ◦ 3 types ◦ What equipment type? Ankle taping Rehabilitative ◦ Post-surgical ◦ Allow for progressive ROM changes Functional ◦ Can be worn during competition/practice ◦ Can be custom fit to athlete Elbow braces/pads ◦ Similar to rehabilitative knee braces ◦ What sports require elbow pads? Gloves ◦ Important to protect hand/fingers from injury, too ◦ Required in what sports?