Protective Equipment in Athletics

Report
ATTR 200
Sept. 21 & 23
John Walker
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Illegal play
Poor technique
Inadequate conditioning
Poorly matched player levels
*Inadequate protection to previous injury
*Inability to protect without restricting
motion
*Poor quality or maintenance of protective
equipment
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Hand-me-down equipment
Focus for purchasing new equipment
Equipment regulatory agencies
◦ NOCSAE
◦ NCAA
◦ NFHSA
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Tort Review
Guidelines for proper protective equipment to
minimize liability
◦ Buy from reputable manufacturers
◦ Competent assembly; follow directions strictly
◦ Warn about possible risks and dangers of improper
use
◦ Ensure proper fit of all equipment
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NOCSAE standards
◦ Not a warranty
◦ Periodic reconditioning
 Helmets can last many years
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Purchasing/reconditioning guidelines
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Protective
◦ Used to protect
specific areas from
injury
◦ Think padding
◦ Helmets; shoulder
pads; gloves; shin
guards
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Accommodating
◦ Used during activity
◦ Used to stabilize
previous injury
◦ Most commonly used
for knee
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Rehabilitative
◦ Used after injury and
surgery
◦ Adjustable hinge for
ROM
◦ Not used during
competition
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Prophylactic
◦ Used as a
preventative measure
◦ Added mechanical
support
◦ Braces and taping
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Low-mass-high-velocity impact
High-mass-low-velocity impact
Focal
Diffuse
◦ NOCSAE warning
 Do not strike an opponent with any part
of this helmet or face mask. This is a
violation of football rules and may cause
you to suffer a severe brain or neck
injury, including paralysis or death.
Severe brain or neck injury may also
occur accidentally while playing football.
NO HELMET CAN PREVENT ALL SUCH
INJURIES. YOU USE THIS HELMET AT
YOUR OWN RISK.
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Fitting
◦ Snug fit with no space between pads and the head
and face
◦ Cover the base of the skull
◦ Two fingers from brow to front edge
◦ Ears in ear holes
◦ At least three fingers between chin and facemask
◦ Chin strap should keep the helmet from moving in
all directions
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Hockey
◦ Canadian Standards Association not NOCSAE
◦ High-mass-low-velocity and low-mass-highvelocity protection
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Baseball/softball
◦ NOCSAE standards (similar warning to football)
◦ Suspect protection from high velocity impact
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Mouth guards
◦ 3 types: stock, moldable, custom fit
◦ Protects teeth, lips, tongue; also helps prevent
cerebral concussion
◦ Required in what sports?
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Eye protection
◦ Protects eyes from fast moving projectiles
◦ Sports that require eye protection
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Football shoulder pads
◦ Cantilever vs. non-cantilever
◦ Fitting
 Inside pad must cover shoulder (acromion)
 Outside pads should cover deltoid muscles but allow
movement
 Straps should hold pads tightly in place
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Other sports that require shoulder/chest
protection
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Yes, shoes are protective equipment
Parts of the shoe
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Toe box
Sole
Heel counters
Shoe uppers
Arch support
Shoe comparison (pg.204)
Shoe lacing (pg.205)
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Ankle braces
◦ 3 types
◦ What equipment type?
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Ankle taping
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Rehabilitative
◦ Post-surgical
◦ Allow for progressive
ROM changes
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Functional
◦ Can be worn during
competition/practice
◦ Can be custom fit to
athlete
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Elbow braces/pads
◦ Similar to rehabilitative
knee braces
◦ What sports require
elbow pads?
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Gloves
◦ Important to protect
hand/fingers from
injury, too
◦ Required in what
sports?

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