Placer mining

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Question 1
Early prospectors would
extract shallow
deposits of ore by
what?
Placer mining
Question 2
After ore deposits near the
surface dwindled, mining
corporations began using
what type of mining?
Quartz mining
Question 3
What type of Union was the
Iron Molders’ International
Union?
Trade union
Question 4
What phrase means “ let
people do as they choose”?
Laissez-faire
Question 5
People using the phrase
“Pikes Peak or Bust” were
what?
Gold miners
Question 6
What manages property for
others?
Trust
Question 7
Why was petroleum in high
demand before the invention
of the automobile?
It could be turned into
kerosene
Question 8
Huge ranches that covered
thousands of acres were
called what?
Haciendas
Question 9
What does laissez-faire rely
on to regulate prices and
wages?
Free market
Question 10
Supporters of laissez-faire
believed the government
should interfere in the
economy only to do what?
Protect property and maintain
peace
Question 11
What describes the historical
significance of vaqueros?
They taught their trade to
American cowboys
Question 12
Measurements taken of Union
soldiers during the Civil War
led to the development of
what?
Ready-made clothes
Question 13
In the early 1800s, Americans
did not think cattle ranches on
the Great Plains were practical
because why?
Eastern cattle could not survive
on tough prairie grasses
Question 14
What act began the railroad
boom?
Pacific Railroad Act
Question 15
In the late 1800s, workers
buying power generally
increased because why?
Prices fell faster than wages
Question 16
What type of Union was the
Knights of Labor?
Industrial union
Question 17
A steel company that owns the
coal mines, limestone quarries,
and iron ore fields it depends on
is an example of what?
Vertical integration
Question 18
What machine changed
bobbins without stopping?
Automatic loom
Question 19
What did corporations hope
to achieve with the purchase
of new machines?
Economies of scale
Question 20
The Chisholm Trail was a trail
that did what?
Cowboys used to drive cattle to
a railroad line
Question 21
At first, ranchers saw barbed
wire as a threat because it did
what?
Kept their herds from roaming
freely
Question 22
What was a hardship faced
by settlers on the Great
Plains?
Prairie fires
Question 23
How did railroad companies
raise most of the money that
was needed to build the
railroad?
Selling government land grants
Question 24
One approach to farming on
the Great Plains was “dry
farming” in which farmers
did what?
Planted seeds deep in the
ground
Question 25
Before the Sand Creek
Massacre, the Cheyenne had
come to Fort Lyon to do
what?
Negotiate
Question 26
What country did rail
workers that Central Pacific
Railroad hire come from?
China
Question 27
The Homestead Act gave land
to homesteaders if they did
what for 5 years?
Lived on the land
Question 28
What owns stock in
companies that produce
goods?
Holding company
Question 29
Large landholders on the
Great Plains were able to
Invest in the tools they
needed
Question 30
Why did the government offer
each railroad company land
along its right-of-way?
Encourage rapid construction
of the tracks
Question 31
What invention enabled
longer and heavier trains?
Air brakes
Question 32
The fencing of the open range
resulted in what?
The end of cattle drives
Question 33
The Dawes Act attempted to
help Native Americans by
doing what?
Giving them land for farming
Question 34
Economies of scale resulted
in what?
Lower costs and increased
production
Question 35
The confrontation at
Wounded Knee occurred
because the chief’s
followers did what?
Performed a ritual
Question 36
In the 1890s, when a glut of
wheat on the world market
caused prices to drop, some
farmers tried to survive how?
Mortgaging their land
Question 37
What type of costs are wages,
shipping charges, and
supplies?
Operating costs
Question 38
What did members of
Congress think tariffs were
necessary during the early
day of industrialization?
Protect new industries from
foreign competition
Question 39
What type of costs are
loans, mortgages, and
taxes?
Fixed costs
Question 40
Why did the army encourage
the killing of the buffalo?
Force Native Americans on
reservations
Question 41
The Comstock Lode was a
rich deposit of what?
Silver
Question 42
Many of the first miners in the
Colorado mountains did not
find any minerals because
why?
The minerals were buried too
deep

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