Regional Policy

Report
EU Cohesion Policy
in support of
Innovative Energy Solutions
in the Baltic Sea Region
Charlina Vitcheva
Director - Inclusive Growth, Urban and Territorial Development and Northern Europe
European Commission - Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy
4 July 2013
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Structure of the presentation
1. 1. Context
2. 2. Focus of Cohesion Policy energy investments
3. 3. Amounts involved
4. 4. Practical examples
5. 5. Way forward 2014-2020
6. 6. EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region
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1. Context
• EU Cohesion Policy aims to reduce the significant
economic, social and territorial disparities that still
exist between Europe's regions.
• It is an investment policy for job creation,
competitiveness, economic growth, improved quality of
life and sustainable development.
• These investments support the delivery of the Europe
2020 strategy and its five ambitious targets on
employment, innovation, education, social inclusion
and climate/energy.
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Europe 2020 targets
1. Employment
75% of the 20-64-year-olds to be employed
2. Innovation
3% of the EU's GDP to be invested in R&D
3. Climate change and energy sustainability
Greenhouse gas emissions 20% lower than 1990
20% of energy from renewables
20% increase in energy efficiency
4. Education
Reducing the rates of early school leaving below 10%
At least 40% of 30-34-year-olds completing third level education
5. Fighting poverty and social exclusion
At least 20 million fewer people in or at risk of poverty and social
exclusion
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2. Focus of Cohesion Policy energy
investments in 2007-2013
(Art. 4-5 of Regulation 1080/2006 of the EP and the Council)
Emphasis on sustainable energy
• Renewable energy sources enable us to diversify our energy
supply. This increases security of supply and improves overall
competitiveness.
• Energy efficiency reduces the energy demand in the first place
and can thus contribute to a higher level of energy independence.
• Traditional energy security actions, i.e. gas and electricity
interconnectors and infrastructure, also receive Cohesion Policy
support.
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3. Amounts involved
Volume of Cohesion Policy support in 2007-2013 based on
indicative programme amounts
Energy efficiency
• EU total
EUR 5.6 billion
• BSR countries
EUR 1.3 billion
Renewable
energy
• EU total
EUR 4.9 billion
• BSR countries
EUR 1.2 billion
Interconnections,
infrastructure and
other
• EU total
EUR 1.7 billion
• BSR countries
EUR 1.1 billion
Total EU Cohesion Policy budget in 2007-2013: EUR 347 billion
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4. Examples of Cohesion Policy in action
Poland-Lithuania Power Link will integrate the Baltic States' power system into the
Western European electricity system.
In Lithuania, energy efficiency has been increased for 100 residential buildings,
resulting to around 50% decrease in the renovated apartments' heating costs.
Energy efficiency is promoted in Latvia with a nationwide campaign "Let's Live Warmer",
which inspires citizens to take action to improve insulation in residential buildings.
Forward-looking and innovative construction of the Nõlvaku kindergarten represents
the first nearly zero energy public or municipal service building in Estonia.
Renewable Energy Research Centre Energon in Finland provides top research for
renewable energy, energy efficiency and development of new technologies.
Sustainable Ålidhem is about building sustainable communities. This residential
neighbourhood in Sweden is halving its energy consumption within five years.
Energy Cluster Centre Zealand in Denmark coordinates and disseminates energy
sector knowledge for the benefit of the entire region.
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5. Way forward 2014-2020
Cohesion Policy objectives
• Promote economic, social and territorial cohesion and solidarity
among Member States
• Deliver the Europe 2020 strategy objectives of smart,
sustainable and inclusive growth
• Tighter link between Cohesion Policy and the European
Semester
• Deepen the internal market and boost economic growth,
employment and competitiveness
-> Focus on results and performance
-> Maximise the impact of EU funding
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Thematic objectives for 2014-2020
(Art 9 of Commission proposal for the Common Provisions Regulation)
1. Research & innovation
2. Information & communication technologies
3. Competitiveness of SMEs
4. Shift to a low-carbon economy
5. Climate change adaptation & risk mangement and prevention
6. Environmental protection & resource efficiency
7. Sustainable transport
8. Employment and support for labour mobility
9. Social inclusion & poverty reduction
10. Education skills & lifelong learning
11. Increased institutional capacity & effectiveness of public
administration
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Thematic objective 1:
Research & innovation
Investment priorities
(Art. 5(1) of Commission proposal for ERDF Regulation)
a) enhancing research and innovation infrastructure (R&I) and
capacities to develop R&I excellence and promoting centres of
competence, in particular those of European interest
b) promoting business R&I investment, product and service
development, technology transfer, social innovation and public
service applications, demand stimulation, networking, clusters
and open innovation through smart specialisation
c) supporting technological and applied research, pilot lines, early
product validation actions, advanced manufacturing capabilities
and first production in Key Enabling Technologies and diffusion
of general purpose technologies
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Thematic objective 4:
Shift to a low-carbon economy
Investment priorities
(Art. 5(4) of Commission proposal for ERDF Regulation)
a) promoting the production and distribution of renewable
energy sources
b) promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy use in
SMEs
c) supporting energy efficiency and renewable energy use in
public infrastructures and in the housing sector
d) developing smart distribution systems at low voltage
levels
e) promoting low-carbon strategies for urban areas
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Connecting Europe Facility
• Connecting Europe Facility will invest in
TEN-E infrastructure of highest European
added value, in order to assure e.g. the
interconnection between energy networks
between countries.
• Cohesion Policy will complement those
investments by concentrating resources on
smart distribution grids as well as energy
efficiency and renewable energy sources
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6. EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region
• Key purpose of the strategy is to mobilise all
relevant EU funding and policies as well as coordinate
actions to promote a more balanced development of
the Baltic Sea Region.
• Energy is one of the strategy's priority areas
(coordinated by DK and LV) with 7 flagship projects.
• Energy sector objectives are to improve the access
to, and the efficiency and security of the energy
markets, as well as to increase the use of renewable
energy sources and promote energy efficiency.
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Seven flagship projects under the
EUSBSR priority area for Energy
1. Monitor the implementation of the Baltic Energy Market
Interconnection Plan (BEMIP)
2. Sharing best practices of regional cooperation of BEMIP with EU
Eastern Partnership countries
3. Extend the Nordic electricity market model (NORDEL) to the
three Baltic States
4. Enhanced market integration of renewable energy sources and
best practice sharing
5. Promote measures to develop the usage of sustainable biofuels
6. Demonstration of coordinated offshore wind farm connection
solutions
7. Promoting energy efficiency measures
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Thank you for your attention!
For more information
InfoRegio:
ec.europa.eu/inforegio
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