Powerpoint - SWEAP Official Website

Report
SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION ASSESSMENT PROJECT (SWEAP):
Responding to the
Challenges of Assessment
Pre-Conference Workshop
BPD Annual Conference
Louisville, KY
March 19, 2014
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WORKSHOP OUTLINE
Introductions
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Overview of Accreditation
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EPAS 2008 (&2015)
Competencies
Characteristic Knowledge, Values & Skills
Practice Behaviors
SWEAP Instruments
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History of Accreditation
Direct vs. Indirect Measures
Implicit Curriculum
Multiple Measures
Organizational Framework for Program Assessment
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Introducing SWEAP /Goodbye BEAP
The SWEAP Team
Workshop Participants
Entrance
Exit
Alumni/Graduate
Employer
Curriculum Instrument (FCAI)
Field Instrument (FPPAI)
BREAK
WORKSHOP OUTLINE
(CONTINUED)
• Unique Benefits of SWEAP
• Tying SWEAP to Program Assessment
o
o
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Linking SWEAP to EPAS
Matrix
Program Integration Example
Using SWEAP beyond EPAS
• Sharing Assessment Ideas
o Group Work
• Navigating SWEAP
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Website
Ordering
Raw Data Policy
Processing
Reports
• Questions
INTRODUCING SWEAP
• Was BEAP
• Now SWEAP
o Not just for undergraduate programs anymore
o Can assess foundation year for graduate programs as well
o Can be modified for program specific advanced year assessment
THE SWEAP TEAM
Vicky Buchan
Colorado State University
[email protected]
Kathryn Krase
LIU Brooklyn
[email protected]
Brian Christenson
Lewis-Clark State College
[email protected]
Phil Ng
[email protected]
Tobi DeLong Hamilton
Lewis-Clark State College, CDA
[email protected]
Ruth Gerritsen-McKane
University of Utah
[email protected]
Sarah Jackman
[email protected]
Patrick Panos
University of Utah
[email protected]
Roy (Butch) Rodenhiser
Boise State University
[email protected]
INTRODUCING
WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS
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Your Name
Your Program
Your Role
Have you used SWEAP?
o If so, which instrument(s)?
OVERVIEW OF ACCREDITATION:
HISTORY OF CSWE ACCREDITATION
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What was the process like before BEAP?
How has it changed over time?
How do changes to EPAS impact it?
Move to competency based educational
standards in EPAS 2008
OVERVIEW OF ACCREDITATION:
DIRECT VS. INDIRECT MEASURES
o Direct Measures
• “Student products or performances that
demonstrate that specific learning has taken
place.”
• Examples (SWEAP and Non-SWEAP)
o Indirect Measures
• “May imply that learning has taken place
(e.g., student perceptions of learning) but do
not specifically demonstrate that learning or
skill.”
• Examples (SWEAP and Non-SWEAP)
o Which do you need and why?
OVERVIEW OF ACCREDITATION:
IMPLICIT CURRICULUM
o What is Implicit Curriculum?
• “Educational environment in which the explicit
curriculum is presented. It is composed of the
following elements: the program’s
commitment to diversity; admissions policies
and procedures; advisement, retention, and
termination policies; student participation in
governance; faculty; administrative structure;
and resources.” (EPAS, 2008)
• How do you measure it?
• Why should you measure it?
OVERVIEW OF ACCREDITATION:
MULTIPLE MEASURES
o The Importance of Multiple Measures
o SWEAP alone is not enough
ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR
PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
EPAS 2008 (& 2015)
• Working under EPAS 2008
• EPAS 2015 underway… expected changes
o Fewer competencies
o Fewer practice behaviors
ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR
PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
COMPETENCIES
• EPAS 2.1—Core Competencies
o Competency-based education
o Outcome performance approach to curriculum design.
o Measurable practice behaviors comprised of knowledge,
values, & skills.
o Need to demonstrate integration & application
competencies in practice with individuals, families, groups,
organizations, and communities.
o 10 competencies listed along with description of
characteristic knowledge, values, skills, & practice
behaviors that may be used to operationalize the
curriculum and assessment methods.
o Programs may add competencies consistent with their
missions and goals.
ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR
PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
COMPETENCIES
• 2.1.1—Identify as a professional social worker and conduct
oneself accordingly.
• 2.1.2—Apply social work ethical principles to guide professional
practice.
• 2.1.3—Apply critical thinking to inform and communicate
professional judgments.
• 2.1.4—Engage diversity and difference in practice.
• 2.1.5—Advance human rights and social and economic justice.
• 2.1.6—Engage in research-informed practice and practiceinformed research.
• 2.1.7—Apply knowledge of human behavior and the social
environment.
• 2.1.8—Engage in policy practice to advance social and
economic well-being and to deliver effective social work
services.
• 2.1.9—Respond to contexts that shape practice.
• 2.1.10— Engage, assess, intervene, and evaluate with
individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities.
ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR
PROGRAM ASSESSMENT:
CHARACTERISTIC KNOWLEDGE, VALUES & SKILLS
• Current focus on measuring practice behaviors.
• Don’t forget about knowledge, values & skills.
ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR
PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
PRACTICE BEHAVIORS
• Multiple practice behaviors per competency
• Each practice behavior MUST be measured for selfstudy/reaccreditation
• TWO measures required for each practice behavior
o At least one measure must be DIRECT
SWEAP INSTRUMENTS
WHAT ARE THEY AND HOW DO I USE THEM?
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•
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Entrance
Exit
Alumni/Graduate & Employer
Curriculum Instrument (FCAI)
Field Instrument (FPPAI)
ENTRANCE
PURPOSE
• Provides demographic profile of entering students.
• Completed at time of entrance into the program
(Program Defined).
• Provides overview of financial resources students
are using or plan to utilize.
• Provides employment status & background
information regarding both volunteer and paid
human service experience.
• Helps track planned or unplanned changes in the
profile of students in the program.
• Evaluate impact of policy changes, such as
admissions procedures, over time.
ENTRANCE
QUESTIONS
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Student tracking: ID number & Survey completion date
Gender
Year in school
Overall GPA & GPA in major & Highest possible GPA at school
Length of current social work-related work experience
(volunteer & paid)
Citizenship/ length of residence in USA
Employment plans during social work education
Hours per week expected to work during education
Sources of financial aid expected
Language fluency
Expected date of graduation
Race/ Ethnicity
Disabilities/Accommodation
EXIT
PURPOSE
• Completed by students just prior to graduation.
o
Often administered in field seminar or capstone seminar.
• Feedback from students about their experiences while in the
program.
• Addresses:
o Evaluation of curriculum objectives based on EPAS.
o Post-graduate plans, related to both employment and
graduate education, are addressed.
• Collects demographic information to compare with the
entrance profile.
EXIT
QUESTIONS
• Educational Experience
o Including implicit curriculum assessment
• Current Employment
• Employment-seeking activities
• Current & anticipated Social Work Employment
o Primary function & major roles
• Post Graduate Educational Plans
EXIT
QUESTIONS
• Students Evaluate how well program prepared them to
perform practice behaviors
• Professional Activities
o Use of research techniques to evaluate client
progress & Use of program evaluation methodology
• Personal Demographic Information
o Gender, Citizenship, Language fluency, & Disabilities
ALUMNI/GRADUATE
PURPOSE
• Intended for completion two years after graduation
o Standardized timing for administration is essential to create a reliable dataset
for comparison over time.
• Alumni evaluate how well program prepared them for
professional practice.
• Alumni employed in social work and those not
employed in social work are surveyed.
• Also gathers information on current employment,
professional development activities, and plans/
accomplishments related to further education.
ALUMNI/GRADUATE
QUESTIONS
• Current Employment
• Current Social Work Employment
• Evaluation of preparation by the Program in the 10
EPAS competency areas (using Likert-type scale)
• Educational Activities
• Professional Activities
• Demographics
EMPLOYER
PURPOSE
• Intended for completion two years after graduation
• Addresses both accreditation and university concern for
feedback from the practice community.
• Measures graduate’s preparation for practice based on
supervisor’s assessment.
• Alumni/ae request employer complete the survey:
o Addresses primary concern of confidentiality.
o Use of student identified allows connection to other instruments.
EMPLOYER
QUESTIONS
• Educational background of supervisor/employer
• Twelve (12) items which evaluate alumni/ae
proficiency in all EPAS competencies.
BREAK TIME
Foundation Curriculum Assessment
Instrument
CURRICULUM INSTRUMENT (FCAI)
PURPOSE
1. Provides Pre/Post test in seven major
curricular areas of the foundation year.
2. Provides a direct measure to assist
programs with evaluation of their
curriculum.
3. Assists with identification of curricular areas
that may need attention.
4. Provides national comparative data.
Curricular Components
Curriculum Area
Number of
Questions
Practice
13
Human Behavior & Social Environment
10
Policy
9
Research
9
Ethics and values
8
Diversity
8
Social and Economic Justice
7
Sample HBSE Question
• The concept “person-in-environment”
includes which of the following:
a. Clients are influenced by their
environment
b. Clients influence their environment
c. Behavior is understood in the context of
one’s environment
d. All of the above
Sample Practice Question
• Determining progress toward goal
achievement is one facet of the _____
stage.
o a. Engagement
o b. Evaluation
o c. Assessment
o d. Planning
Overview of FCAI Respondents
Instrument
2011
2012
2013
Total
Entrance
1,986
2,009
8,432
12,427
964
1,714
5,369
8,047
2,950
3,723
13,801
20,474
Exit
Totals
Reliability Testing
• Version 9
– Tested in two junior practice classes
– Students tested twice, 2 weeks
apart
– Pearson’s correlation coefficient
• r = .86
Item difficulty index
• Overall difficulty or average should be around .5
(Cohen & Swerdlik, 2005)
• FCAI = .523 (n=415)
• “This is a very good difficulty level for the test.
Not likely to misrepresent the knowledge level of
test takers”.
Reliability & Effect Size
• Cronbach’s alpha = .784
• Effect Size d = 6.87
Current Data
1/13 to 9/13
• Number of Schools using the FCAI in
2013
110
• Number of Respondents in 2013:
o Pre-test: 8432
o Post-test: 5369
School X / National Comparison
PRE TEST
POST
TEST
SD
SIG
School X
31.24
(48.81%)
39.35
(61.48%)
6.19
.000
National
30.38
(48.10%)
37.54
(58.60%)
7.59
.000
Overall Scores Pre-Post
BSW
Entering
BSW
Exiting
(N = 8432)
(N =5369)
Raw
Score
32.8
40.05
Mean %
correct
51.2% / 64
62.5%/64
T-test
380.2
S.D.
7. 8
Sig
.000
BSW Student Scores by Curricular Area
One Program FCAI Entrance & Exit
Curricular Area
Question
Suggested
Competency
Correct responses
Correct
and % Entrance responses and %
Exit
Practice
Question 1
2.1.1C
14/64
21.8%
39/64
61%
Question 2
2.1.10A
46/64
71.8%
60/64
93.7%
Question 4
2.1.10H
21/64
32.8%
43/64
67.2%
Expansion beyond BSW
• Based upon CSWE assertions related to educational
levels in social work education, we expanded
testing to three additional groups:
o MSW foundation students:
• entering
• exiting
o Advanced standing students:
• entering
Points to keep in Mind about
the FACI
1. Purpose of this instrument: to review and
improve curriculum
2. Program will want to “monitor” scores over
several years (or several cohorts) for trends.
3. The FCAI can be considered a measure of
“value added” from program entry to exit.
4. Benchmarks: can be set two ways,
a. by competency
b. overall score
Field Practicum/Placement
Assessment Instrument
(FPPAI)
FIELD PRACTICUM/PLACEMENT
ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT
(FPPAI)
• Responds to need for a standardized
field/practicum assessment instrument that
measures student achievement of practice
behaviors.
FIELD INSTRUMENT (FPPAI)
PILOTING PHASE
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•
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Initial Piloting for BSW in May 2008
Second Pilot in Fall 2008 /Spring 2009
Third Pilot in Fall 2009
Reliability Analysis
o Chronbach’s Alpha of 0.91 or higher in each practice
behavior
• Full implementation in BSW: Fall 2010
• Piloting in MSW: Spring-Fall 2012
• Full implementation in MSW (Foundation): Fall 2013
FIELD INSTRUMENT (FPPAI)
METHODOLOGY
• 58 Likert Scale questions measuring practice
behaviors linked to the EPAS 2008 competencies.
• Qualitative feedback form for each domain
available for program use.
• Available online and in print format.
• Individual program outcomes report with national
comparisons available.
• Individual program outcomes report with national
comparisons for EPAS 2008 Competencies &
Practice Behaviors including CSWE benchmark
reporting.
• Can be used as a final field assessment and midtest/post test design.
FIELD INSTRUMENT (FPPAI)
SCALE
FIELD INSTRUMENT (FPPAI)
CURRENT STATUS
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84 programs currently use this instrument
More than 3,132 administrations to date
National data comparisons are available
Cronbach’s Alpha reliability test of internal
consistency at midpoint (Pilot and first two years
Testing): 0.969
• Cronbach’s Alpha reliability test of internal
consistency at final (Pilot and first two years
testing): 0.975
BREAK TIME
SWEAP
UNIQUE BENEFITS
Student demographics
Numerous data points for comparison
Explicit and Implicit curriculum assessment
Doesn’t end at graduation
Peer comparison by region, program type,
auspice & nationally
• …and more
•
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TYING SWEAP
TO PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
LINKING SWEAP TO EPAS
• All instruments updated to reflect 2008 EPAS
• All instruments will be updated and available as
soon as 2015 EPAS goes into effect
• Competency Matrix for 2008 EPAS(Handout)
TYING SWEAP
TO PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
Educational Policy
2.1.1—Identify as a professional
social worker and conduct oneself
accordingly
Practice Behavior
use supervision and consultation
Measures
SWEAP-Exit
SWEAP-FPPAI
SWEAP-Employer
SWEAP-Alumni
TYING SWEAP TO PROGRAM
ASSESSMENT: MATRIX
Competency
2.1.7—Apply knowledge of
human behavior and the
social environment.A. utilize conceptual
frameworks to guide the
processes of assessment,
intervention, and evaluation;
B. critique and apply
knowledge to understand
person and environment.
Alumni
Exit
Employer
FCAI
FPPAI
TYING SWEAP
TO PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
PROGRAM INTEGRATION EXAMPLE
• Program Integration Example (Handout)
TYING SWEAP
TO PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
USING SWEAP BEYOND EPAS
• Curricular Development
• Addressing Implicit Curriculum Concerns
• Understanding student body
o Changes in student body over time
SHARING ASSESSMENT IDEAS
Break into small groups,
tackle the assigned
competency discussing
the following:
How can/do you measure
competencies in your
programs?
Offer SWEAP & NonSWEAP options
SHARING ASSESSMENT IDEAS
Break into small groups, tackle
the assigned competency
discussing the following:
How can/do we measure
Implicit Curriculum?
Offer SWEAP &
Non-SWEAP Measures
NAVIGATING SWEAP
THE WEBSITE
http://sweap.utah.edu
o Navigating the site
o Locating the results of your instruments
NAVIGATING SWEAP
ORDERING
o Online through website.
o Pay by credit-card, or send check.
o Receive email with .pdfs to be printed, or
links to online instruments.
o Printing .pdfs
• Can be double-sided, BUT DO NOT STAPLE
For questions about your order or status:
[email protected]
Online Instruments
• All SWEAP instruments are available in electronic format.
• eTickets (electronic tickets) are simple to use. You order
them via the SWEAP order page on our website, just like
you would order instruments to print on paper.
• Each eTicket is an individual instrument and cannot be
copied.
• The simplest way to administer instruments with eTickets is
to send an email to each student, field educator or
alumnus/a who is expected to complete the instrument.
In that email, you provide an individual eTicket link.
• The respondent enters the letters and numbers that
follow the equal sign (=) on the eTicket link. For instance,
to access the email example, the code to enter in the
pink box is RITNFN26197 (see next slide).
NAVIGATING SWEAP
RAW DATA POLICY
• We offer return of de-identified data to programs
with the following data removed:
o
o
o
o
o
o
Year of Birth
Day of Birth
Parts of Social Security Numbers
ZIP code of Employment or Residence.
Sex / Gender
Ethnic Identity
• In addition, specific answers to the FCAI instruments
will not be returned, nor specific answers to the
Values at Exit or Entrance. These will be reported in
an aggregate only.
• FPPAI instruments, due to their nature, will return all
identifying information.
NAVIGATING SWEAP
RAW DATA POLICY
• There will be a surcharge to utilize this service, it will
be a one time charge of $25.00 to have all
permissible data returned to the program.
NAVIGATING SWEAP
PROCESSING
• Paper instruments need to be mailed to Utah.
o Processing involves scanning forms into system and then
calculating data.
o Can take up 3-6 weeks, depending on time of year.
• Online instruments
o Processing is very quick.
o Can be days, instead of weeks.
o No need to be scanned at our end.
NAVIGATING SWEAP
REPORTS
• Receive email when reports are ready.
• Retrieve reports through website.
• Can request reports with tailored comparisons.
Coming in 2015!
• Bridging the gap for direct measures: New
direct measures in-line with 2015 EPAS
• Outcome Reports on your webpage as
required by CSWE
• All current instruments updated for EPAS
2015
QUESTIONS?

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