B - ScienceWilmeth5

Report
Life Boot Camp
5.10A #3
Compare the structures and functions of
different species that help them live and survive
such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed
feed in aquatic animals
101. Some animals, such as the snowshoe hare,
have fur that is similar to the color of their
surroundings. During the winter, a snowshoe
hare’s fur changes to—
A
B
C
D
dark brown
light gray
brown spots
pale white
101. Some animals, such as the snowshoe hare,
have fur that is similar to the color of their
surroundings. During the winter, a snowshoe
hare’s fur changes to—
A
B
C
D
dark brown
light gray
brown spots
pale white
102. Which of the organisms pictured is a
decomposer?
A
B
C
D
1
2
3
4
102. Which of the organisms pictured is a
decomposer?
A
B
C
D
1
2
3
4
103. Some salamanders have a sticky tongue
and a wide mouth lined with teeth. These
animals most likely feed on —
A
B
C
D
insects and other tiny animals
leaves and other plant structures
algae and other microorganisms
dead and decaying materials
103. Some salamanders have a sticky tongue
and a wide mouth lined with teeth. These
animals most likely feed on —
A
B
C
D
insects and other tiny animals
leaves and other plant structures
algae and other microorganisms
dead and decaying materials
104. Which of the following characteristics
would BEST help a bat hunt for food at night?
A
B
C
D
Sharp teeth
Keen hearing
Large eyes
Big wings
104. Which of the following characteristics
would BEST help a bat hunt for food at night?
A
B
C
D
Sharp teeth
Keen hearing
Large eyes
Big wings
105. Which of the following adaptations would probably help a
plant survive in the desert?
A
B
C
D
The ability to store water for long periods of time
Having large, green leaves to absorb more sunlight
The ability to change colors during different seasons
Having roots close to the surface to take in more water
105. Which of the following adaptations would probably help a
plant survive in the desert?
A
B
C
D
The ability to store water for long periods of time
Having large, green leaves to absorb more sunlight
The ability to change colors during different seasons
Having roots close to the surface to take in more water
106. A porcupine has sharp quills that protect it from
predators. Which of these is a behavioral adaptation of
porcupines that makes the quills more effective for protection?
A
B
C
D
Using sharp teeth to cut twigs and leaves
Climbing to the very tops of trees to eat
Making an underground nest for young
Curling up into a ball when threatened
106. A porcupine has sharp quills that protect it from
predators. Which of these is a behavioral adaptation of
porcupines that makes the quills more effective for protection?
A
B
C
D
Using sharp teeth to cut twigs and leaves
Climbing to the very tops of trees to eat
Making an underground nest for young
Curling up into a ball when threatened
107. A bird called a ptarmigan has feathered feet. The
feathers on the feet of the ptarmigan are most helpful
when this bird—
A
B
C
D
digs up food out of the ground
walks in deep snow
climbs up rocky cliffs
runs under low bushes
107. A bird called a ptarmigan has feathered feet. The
feathers on the feet of the ptarmigan are most helpful
when this bird—
A
B
C
D
digs up food out of the ground
walks in deep snow
climbs up rocky cliffs
runs under low bushes
108. Pill bugs can often be found underneath rocks and rotting
logs. When exposed to light, they immediately try to find a
dark place to hide. This reaction by the pill bugs is a result of—
A
B
C
D
migration
feeding behavior
energy requirements
changing environmental conditions
108. Pill bugs can often be found underneath rocks and rotting
logs. When exposed to light, they immediately try to find a
dark place to hide. This reaction by the pill bugs is a result of—
A
B
C
D
migration
feeding behavior
energy requirements
changing environmental conditions
109. The diagrams below show an arctic bird in the summer
and the same bird in the winter
Growing thicker fur in the winter helps some animals to—
A hide from danger
B attract a mate
C find food
D keep warm
109. The diagrams below show an arctic bird in the summer
and the same bird in the winter
Growing thicker fur in the winter helps some animals to—
A hide from danger
B attract a mate
C find food
D keep warm
110. Animals that live in the desert must be able to survive in
very hot temperatures. Which of the following is an adaptation
that helps desert animals survive in hot temperatures?
A
B
C
D
Being active at night only
Being active day and night
Being active during the day only
Being active in the middle of the day
110. Animals that live in the desert must be able to survive in
very hot temperatures. Which of the following is an adaptation
that helps desert animals survive in hot temperatures?
A
B
C
D
Being active at night only
Being active day and night
Being active during the day only
Being active in the middle of the day
111. Birds eat moths. Moths in a given area have been
changing colors slowly over many years to match the color of
the tree bark on which they are found. What is the MOST
LIKELY reason for this color change?
A
B
C
D
It helps the moth fly faster than the birds.
It makes the moths taste bad.
It makes it hard for the birds to see the moths.
It helps the moths stay cooler in the summer.
111. Birds eat moths. Moths in a given area have been
changing colors slowly over many years to match the color of
the tree bark on which they are found. What is the MOST
LIKELY reason for this color change?
A
B
C
D
It helps the moth fly faster than the birds.
It makes the moths taste bad.
It makes it hard for the birds to see the moths.
It helps the moths stay cooler in the summer.
112. Deer eat plants. Some plants, however, have adaptations
that keep the deer from eating them. Which adaptation is
likely to keep deer from eating a particular plant?
A
B
C
D
No flowers
Thorny branches
Large leaves
Short stems
112. Deer eat plants. Some plants, however, have adaptations
that keep the deer from eating them. Which adaptation is
likely to keep deer from eating a particular plant?
A
B
C
D
No flowers
Thorny branches
Large leaves
Short stems
113. Blue crabs can be found in coastal waters. Which of these
explains why the crab’s outer shell helps it survive in its
habitat?
A
B
C
D
The shell keeps the crab warm.
The shell helps the crab catch food.
The shell protects the crab from predators.
The shell allows the crab to get oxygen.
113. Blue crabs can be found in coastal waters. Which of these
explains why the crab’s outer shell helps it survive in its
habitat?
A
B
C
D
The shell keeps the crab warm.
The shell helps the crab catch food.
The shell protects the crab from predators.
The shell allows the crab to get oxygen.
114. The plover is a bird that finds its food at the edge of
shallow water. Which adaptation would help this species find
food in shallow water?
A
B
C
D
Shorter wings
Long legs
Curved beak
Change in color
114. The plover is a bird that finds its food at the edge of
shallow water. Which adaptation would help this species find
food in shallow water?
A
B
C
D
Shorter wings
Long legs
Curved beak
Change in color
115. Birds that eat other
birds usually have short,
curved beaks and strong
feet with sharp talons.
Which of the birds
pictured above MOST
LIKELY eats other birds?
A
B
C
D
Blue jay
Gray hawk
Mourning dove
House sparrow
115. Birds that eat other
birds usually have short,
curved beaks and strong
feet with sharp talons.
Which of the birds
pictured above MOST
LIKELY eats other birds?
A
B
C
D
Blue jay
Gray hawk
Mourning dove
House sparrow
M.S. ?’s
116. Hooves on buffalo and webbed feet on
ducks are –
A. structures on the same species
B. behaviors of different species
C. structures on different species
D. behaviors of the same species
116. Hooves on buffalo and webbed feet on
ducks are –
A. structures on the same species
B. behaviors of different species
C. structures on different species
D. behaviors of the same species
117. The purpose of animals with webbed feet
is–
A. Structural adaptation for survival
B. Behavioral adaptation for survival
C. Competition between species
D. Learned behavior of species
117. The purpose of animals with webbed feet
is–
A. Structural adaptation for survival
B. Behavioral adaptation for survival
C. Competition between species
D. Learned behavior of species
118. Colorado has a large population of bighorn sheep. They
are herbivores and have hooves with specialized claws or
toenails adapted for running and helping them escape
predators. Mountain lion, elk, chipmunks, and black bears also
live in Colorado. Which of the animals below has feet that are
most similar to the Colorado bighorn sheep?
A. Mountain lion
B. Elk
C. Chipmunk
D. Black bear
118. Colorado has a large population of bighorn sheep. They
are herbivores and have hooves with specialized claws or
toenails adapted for running and helping them escape
predators. Mountain lion, elk, chipmunks, and black bears also
live in Colorado. Which of the animals below has feet that are
most similar to the Colorado bighorn sheep?
A. Mountain lion
B. Elk
C. Chipmunk
D. Black bear
119. Biologists study structural adaptations of animals such as
marine birds to understand the function of their feet. Which
question below can best be answered from the biologists’
study?
A. How do birds use webbed feet to nest high in trees?
B. What causes marine birds to stay dry in water?
C. How do the feathers of marine birds help them fly?
D. Can all birds with webbed feet swim?
119. Biologists study structural adaptations of animals such as
marine birds to understand the function of their feet. Which
question below can best be answered from the biologists’
study?
A. How do birds use webbed feet to nest high in trees?
B. What causes marine birds to stay dry in water?
C. How do the feathers of marine birds help them fly?
D. Can all birds with webbed feet swim?
120. Which of the following is a structural adaptation of a
cow?
A. Having hoofed feet
B. Possessing sharp teeth
C. Coming when called
D. Running with dogs
120. Which of the following is a structural adaptation of a
cow?
A. Having hoofed feet
B. Possessing sharp teeth
C. Coming when called
D. Running with dogs
121. Which animal most likely has the characteristics described
below:
1. Feet covered in hair for protection against extreme
temperatures
2. Thick callused pads for protection from sharp edges and
extreme temperatures
3. Long claws for climbing and digging
A. Polar bear
B. Red kangaroo
C. Desert fox
D. Western gorilla
121. Which animal most likely has the characteristics described
below:
1. Feet covered in hair for protection against extreme
temperatures
2. Thick callused pads for protection from sharp edges and
extreme temperatures
3. Long claws for climbing and digging
A. Polar bear
B. Red kangaroo
C. Desert fox
D. Western gorilla
122. Cows and deer are herbivores. They have an adaptation
which helps them cover enough ground to find food and water.
Which adaptation helps them with this?
A. toenails
B. paws
C. claws
D. hooves
122. Cows and deer are herbivores. They have an adaptation
which helps them cover enough ground to find food and water.
Which adaptation helps them with this?
A. toenails
B. paws
C. claws
D. hooves
123. Elk and bighorn sheep are grazers. A structural
adaptation that helps meet the needs for this type of diet is –
A. camouflaged fur
B. flat teeth
C. webbed feet
D. good eyesight
123. Elk and bighorn sheep are grazers. A structural
adaptation that helps meet the needs for this type of diet is –
A. camouflaged fur
B. flat teeth
C. webbed feet
D. good eyesight
124. Bactrian camels have special features that allow them to
live in harsh, hot climates. These camels have long eyelashes
and ears lined with hair. They also have nostrils that they can
close when needed. Which is most likely the reason camels
have these adaptations?
A. protection from hot weather
B. protection from sandstorms
C. protection from rainstorms
D. protection from predators
124. Bactrian camels have special features that allow them to
live in harsh, hot climates. These camels have long eyelashes
and ears lined with hair. They also have nostrils that they can
close when needed. Which is most likely the reason camels
have these adaptations?
A. protection from hot weather
B. protection from sandstorms
C. protection from rainstorms
D. protection from predators
125. The kangaroo rat lives in the drier areas of the western
and southwestern United States. It is very small and has a long
tail and large back legs that allow it to jump up to 9 feet. This
animal most likely uses it’s back legs to—
A. dig burrows
B. leap away from predators
C. listen for dangers
D. attract a mate
125. The kangaroo rat lives in the drier areas of the western
and southwestern United States. It is very small and has a long
tail and large back legs that allow it to jump up to 9 feet. This
animal most likely uses it’s back legs to—
A. dig burrows
B. leap away from predators
C. listen for dangers
D. attract a mate
126. Groups of students are to select a topic for research. A
group wants to study the adaptations of animals in the desert.
One question they should ask is —
A. How long do the animals live?
B. How do the animals satisfy their need for water?
C. How many offspring do the animals have?
D. Can you buy the animals in pet stores?
126. Groups of students are to select a topic for research. A
group wants to study the adaptations of animals in the desert.
One question they should ask is —
A. How long do the animals live?
B. How do the animals satisfy their need for water?
C. How many offspring do the animals have?
D. Can you buy the animals in pet stores?
127. Students collected data about the arctic fox. They learned it can
change colors from brown to white. What conclusions can be drawn from
the table about color change?
Number & Color of Artic Foxes
January
May
August
White
15
0
0
Brown & white
0
13
0
Brown
0
0
18
A. Color changes help the fox with camouflage
B. Color changes help the fox find shelter
C. Color changes help the fox stay cooler
D. Color changes help the fox move faster
127. Students collected data about the arctic fox. They learned it can
change colors from brown to white. What conclusions can be drawn from
the table about color change?
Number & Color of Artic Foxes
January
May
August
White
15
0
0
Brown & white
0
13
0
Brown
0
0
18
A. Color changes help the fox with camouflage
B. Color changes help the fox find shelter
C. Color changes help the fox stay cooler
D. Color changes help the fox move faster
128. A group of students are comparing the hooves of deer and
buffalo. They decide to construct a diorama to display a reallife representation of how these two species use this structural
adaptation to survive in their environment. The students are
constructing a —
A. diagram
B. model
C. sculpture
D. cast mold
128. A group of students are comparing the hooves of deer and
buffalo. They decide to construct a diorama to display a reallife representation of how these two species use this structural
adaptation to survive in their environment. The students are
constructing a —
A. diagram
B. model
C. sculpture
D. cast mold
129. Students are to research a scientist who has worked with
animals. One scientist they might choose would be —
A. Thomas Edison
B. Jane Goodall
C. Benjamin Franklin
D. Isaac Newton
129. Students are to research a scientist who has worked with
animals. One scientist they might choose would be —
A. Thomas Edison
B. Jane Goodall
C. Benjamin Franklin
D. Isaac Newton
130. Everything in nature has a reason for how it is structured and how it
behaves. It is important to learn about animals and how they survive in
their environments. Which of the following questions CANNOT be
answered from studying animal structures and their functions?
A. How do animals instinctively survive changes made within an ecosystem?
B. What are some structural adaptations for living on water and on land?
C. What observations can be made about body parts of aquatic animals?
D. What are some physical features of prairie animals that help them adapt to
climate?
130. Everything in nature has a reason for how it is structured and how it
behaves. It is important to learn about animals and how they survive in
their environments. Which of the following questions CANNOT be
answered from studying animal structures and their functions?
A. How do animals instinctively survive changes made within an ecosystem?
B. What are some structural adaptations for living on water and on land?
C. What observations can be made about body parts of aquatic animals?
D. What are some physical features of prairie animals that help them adapt to
climate?
131. Student conducted an investigation to learn about bird beaks. They
used different tools to represent different bird beaks, such as tweezers,
straws, and spoons. When they finished the investigation, the teacher
instructed the students to conduct a second trial. Why did the teacher want
students to do the same investigation two separate times?
A. The students did not listen to directions the first time
B. Birds in the natural world eat two times a day
C. Data tables look better when they have more than one column
D. Two trials are needed to make the investigation valid
131. Student conducted an investigation to learn about bird beaks. They
used different tools to represent different bird beaks, such as tweezers,
straws, and spoons. When they finished the investigation, the teacher
instructed the students to conduct a second trial. Why did the teacher want
students to do the same investigation two separate times?
A. The students did not listen to directions the first time
B. Birds in the natural world eat two times a day
C. Data tables look better when they have more than one column
D. Two trials are needed to make the investigation valid

similar documents