Episode 5 FS3 - FieldStudy32011-2012

Paper Works (Preparing Handouts
Submitted by:
Alejandro E. Raterta III
Jhanin D. Lidres
Leah Mae B. Aguilar
Herlyn Chenette Galvez
Marie Sol C. Cagobcob
Subject Matter: Softball
Grade/Year Level: Fourth Year High School
What is Softball?
A. History
B. General Description
Skills and Players
A. Skills
1. Pitching
2. Batting
3. Fielding
4. Throwing
5. Base Running
B. Players
1. http://nwms.ohsd.net/encore/pe/softballhandout1.pdf
2. http://cats.k12.il.us/ghs/pe/softball_handout.pdf
3. http://www.google.com.ph/search?um=1&hl=en&biw=853&bih=555
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Softball
History and General Description
Softball is an adaptation of baseball. Originally
played indoors: The bat was made smaller, the ball
softer and the baselines and pitching distances
shorter. Some of the basic rules adopted by the
YMCA in the 1900’s were the ball being pitched
underhand and base stealing was not permitted
until the ball left the pitcher’s hand. Over the years,
the National Recreation Association of America was
in need of a game that could be adapted to small
outdoor spaces and played by people of all ages. It
took on such names as playground ball, kitten ball,
recreation ball, and ladies ball, but in 1933 the
name softball was officially adopted and the ASA
was formed. Also, in 1933 the first set of official
softball rules were standardized. Today, it is the
single most play co-educational recreational activity
in America. A softball team is made up of ten player
positions: catcher, pitcher, first basemen, second
basemen, third basemen, shortstop, right- centerleft fielder’s and a rover. The period of time during
which both teams have been up at bat and have
retired after three outs in called an inning. A
compete game of softball consists of seven innings.
In slow-pitch softball, the ball is delivered
underhand and must make an arch that ranges
between 6’ – 12’ as it travels to the batter. The
arching pitch gives the pitcher more
control and accuracy.
The batter must follow the flight of the ball toward
him/her, make a judgment as to when
and how to swing, and swing so as to generate the
biggest force. Also, the batter must
maintain control of the bat during the swing. The
batter must always take a full swing at
the ball. There are no bunts, fouling, free base if hit
by a pitched ball.
In the game of softball, throwing is one of the most
important skills and is used in almost
every play. The overhand throw is used when
speed and distance are required. The
underhand throw is used for short distances and to
pitch. Remember to grip the ball with
the fingers.
Base Running
The four bases in softball are first, second, third and home.
The base runner must have
good running form and speed. The runner must have agility
and maintain control of
his/her moving body. Remember to hit the ball and RUN! Run
through or past the first
base and turn to the right on a close play.
Always touch each base as you run by it. A player must
remain on base until the ball
reaches home plate. A player is awarded first base after four
balls. A runner must be
aware of the action of other base runners so that he does not
jeopardize their play. There
is no stealing, sliding or leading off in P.E. classes.
There are ten players on a team.
They are the:
1. Pitcher
2. Catcher
3. First baseman
4. Second baseman
5. Short stop
6. Third baseman
7. Left fielder
8. Center fielder
9. Right
Equipment Used
1. The bat:
a. Shall not be more than 34” in length and not more than 2 ¼
“ in diameter at its largest part.
2. Ball:
a. The official ball shall be a regular smooth seam, flat surface
ball of any type, 16’ in circumference. It shall not weigh
more than 10 oz.
3. The Bases:
a. The bases, other than home plate, shall be 15” square. 4.
4. Gloves
Fielding positions:
P = pitcher
C = catcher
1 = 1st basemen
2 = 2nd basemen
3 = 3rd basemen
SS = short stop
R = right fielder
C = center Fielder
L = left fielder
Backstop – The fence behind the catcher
Base runner - A player who has finished his/her turn at bat and reached first base
Batted ball – Any ball that hits the bat or is hit by the bat intentionally or not
Batting order – A list of players in the order in which each player must come to bat
Catch – A ball caught with the hand or glove
Defensive team – The team in the field
Double play – Two offensive players are put out by the defense in continuous
Fly ball – any ball batted into the air
Force out – A base runner loses the right to the base he is occupying
Infield – The are located inside the boundaries of the four bases
Inning – After three outs, teams alternate offense and defense.
Offensive team – The team at bat
Outfield – That portion of the field within the foul lines and beyond first, second, and
third bases
Overthrow – A ball thrown from one fielder to another and goes into foul territory on
a play at first, third, or home base
Strike zone – The area between the batter’s armpit and the top of his knee
Strike – A batter swings at a pitched ball and misses, or fails to swing at a pitch that
falls within the strike zone.
Out – A batter is out when there are three strikes, a batted ball is caught a runner is
tagged out, or a force out
1. What are the good features of a handout?
3. Which features are not present in the
handout we made?
Features of a good handout:
•A strong title
•Topic that is easily recognized
•A clear layout
•In bullet form instead of narrative form
•Presence of subtitles
•Presence of diagrams and illustrations
•Orderly presentation of topics
•Keywords in bold or italic
•Not more than 2 fold types in a single document
•All important information are present
We admit that the handout we made does not
contain much graphics which actually plays a
great role in catching students’ interest in the
2. Which of these features are present in the handout we made?
Our handout has a good title and a very useful topic for general usage. The layout is clear and outline is
presented in bullet form, though some parts are narrative like the history and description, to maximize
explanation. Subtitles are present to make reading and understanding easier. Diagrams and illustrations
provide clearer presentation of the topic. Important information are emphasized by use of bold letters.
What difficulties, if any, did you encounter in making the handouts? How did you overcome them?
The difficult part in making an effective handout is in the order of the presentation of the topic, for you
have to make a lot of considerations to ensure that the target students of the handout not only gain
learning but also maximum attention and interest. Through the use of an outline, I was able to make a
clear picture of the whole learning experience.
Making a handout is not easy because you have to think wisely for you to come up with an effective
and better output. The most difficult part is outlining, for you need to make it in such a way that it will
be easy for the students to read and comprehend to the whole presentation as well as designing it to
make it more attractive for the target audience.
2. What tips can you give teachers regarding presentation of handouts?
Before making a handout, look for as many references as possible, and compile them in such as way
that it is short or concise, but it should contain the fundamentals of the topic you are discussing.
Include graphics and other visual presentations which do not only add beauty to the design but also
arouses interest from target readers.
In making handouts you should make it short yet informative. You can also use flowcharts and
graphic organizers to make it clearer and easier for the students to comprehend.

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