Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources: IFRS 6 Wiecek and Young IFRS Primer Chapter 12 Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources 2 Related standards IFRS 6 Current GAAP comparisons IFRS financial statement disclosures Looking ahead End-of-chapter practice Related Standards 3 FAS 144 Accounting for the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets FAS 69 Disclosures about oil and gas producing activities FAS 25 Amendment of FASB Statement No. 19 FAS 19 Financial accounting by oil and gas producing companies Related Standards 4 IAS 8 Accounting policies, changes in accounting estimates and errors IAS 16 Property, plant and equipment IAS 36 Impairment of assets IAS 37 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets IAS 38 Intangible assets IFRS 6 - Overview 5 Objective and scope Recognition and measurement of exploration and evaluation assets Impairment Disclosure IFRS 6 – Objective and Scope IFRS 6 is limited to the accounting for and reporting of costs associated only with the exploration and evaluation of mineral resources. These activities are defined as: - the search for mineral resources…after the entity has obtained legal rights to explore in a specific area, and - the determination of the technical feasibility and commercial viability of extracting the mineral resource. 6 IFRS 6 – Objective and Scope 7 IFRS 6 is an interim measure pending completion of a major project on extractive activities. Permits continuation of accounting policies used prior to adoption of IFRS Accounting policies may be inconsistent with IFRS Framework IFRS 6 – Recognition and Measurement of Exploration and Evaluation Assets - - 8 Recognition: Companies use a variety of methods to account for exploration and evaluation activities, from expensing all related costs to fully capitalizing them Therefore, exploration and evaluation assets are defined in terms of the policy each company chooses IFRS 6 – Recognition and Measurement of Exploration and Evaluation Assets 9 Exploration and evaluation assets are recognized at cost Examples of costs that may be capitalized: - Cost of exploration rights, geological studies, exploratory drilling and sampling, and evaluating technical and commercial viability of extraction IFRS 6 – Recognition and Measurement of Exploration and Evaluation Assets 10 Classification of exploration and evaluation assets: IFRS 6 - Impairment Impaired? When facts and circumstances suggest that carrying amount > recoverable amount. Consider: 11 the right to explore expires and is not expected to be renewed no other substantial expenditures are planned for exploration or evaluation in the area the entity decides to stop exploration and evaluation activities because viable quantities have not been found in the area although development is likely, the costs capitalized as exploration and evaluation assets exceed the amounts that are likely to be recovered Impairment losses are taken to profit or loss – may be reversed IFRS 6 - Disclosure 12 Disclosure objective: to identify and explain amounts recognized in the financial statements that result from exploration and evaluation activities If classified as PP&E, use IAS 16 If classified as intangible asset, use IAS 38 IFRS 6 - Disclosure - - 13 Minimum disclosure: Accounting policies for exploration and evaluation expenditures and their capitalization as assets The amount of assets, liabilities, income, expense, and operating and investing cash flows from exploration and evaluation activities Current GAAP Comparisons Page 156 of 164 of http://www.kpmg.co.uk/pubs/IFRScomparedtoU .S.GAAPAnOverview(2008).pdf 14 IFRS Financial Statement Disclosures Royal Dutch Shell plc http://wwwstatic.shell.com/static/investor/downloads/fin ancial_information/reports/2007/2007_annual _report.pdf Accounting policies – page 122 of 224 Key accounting estimates – page 127 of 224 Property, plant & equipment – pages 135-137 of 224 15 Looking Ahead 16 Comprehensive research project underway for approach to resolving issues unique to upstream extractive activities in mining and oil and gas industries Discussion paper expected late 2009, with decision to proceed to be determined in late 2010 End-of-Chapter Practice 17 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Access Copyright is unlawful. Requests for further information should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, website http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. The purchaser may make back-up copies for his or her own use only and not for distribution or resale. The author and the publisher assume no responsibility for errors, omissions, or damages caused by the use of these programs or from the use of the information contained herein.