2-Legal_Framework

Report
Mauritius, 18-20 March 2014
Compliance Workshop: Collection and reporting of Fisheries data to IOTC
The Legal Framework
IOTC Requirements for Fisheries Data
and levels of Compliance
Sponsored by BOBLME-IOC-SmartFish-IOTC
Summary of IOTC Resolutions
IOTC Resolutions: IOTC and main shark species
• IOTC Resolution 10/02 Mandatory statistical requirements for IOTC Members and
Cooperating Non-Contracting Parties (CPC’s)
• Minima requirements for the reporting of statistics to the IOTC
• IOTC Resolution 13/08 Procedures on a fish aggregating devices (FADs) management
plan
• Minima requirements for the collection and reporting of data on FADs, drifting
or anchored, used by Purse seine and pole-and-line fisheries
• IOTC Resolution 13/03 On the recording of catch and effort data by fishing vessels in the
IOTC Area of Competence
• Minima data requirements for the collection of CATCH-AND-EFFORT data
• IOTC Resolution 11/04 On a Regional Observer Scheme
• Minima requirements sampling of catches in land and at-sea
Summary of IOTC Resolutions (cont.)
IOTC Resolutions: Main sharks and other bycatch species
• IOTC Resolution 05/05 Concerning the conservation of Sharks caught in association with
fisheries managed by IOTC
• Minima requirements for the reporting of data on sharks caught on IOTC fisheries
• Other Resolutions on sharks: Ban on catch retention and reporting requirements for:
• Oceanic whitetip shark: IOTC Resolution 13/06
• Thresher sharks: IOTC Resolution 12/09
• Whale sharks: IOTC Resolution 13/05 (purse seine fisheries)
• IOTC Resolution 10/06 On reducing the incidental bycatch of Seabirds in longline fisheries
• Minima requirements for the reporting of interactions with seabirds (longline)
• IOTC Resolution 12/04 On Marine Turtles
• Minima requirements for the reporting of interactions with marine turtles
• IOTC Resolution 13/04 On the conservation of Cetaceans
• Minima requirements for the reporting of interactions with cetaceans
Data requirements at a glance
Types of fisheries data for which the Commission has set [data collection] and
reporting standards; and data resolution requested by the Commission:
Statistical Requirements
Summary
Annual catches (NC+DI)
Active Crafts (FC)
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catches (weight) of IOTC Species, main species of pelagic sharks, and other bycatch, per IOTC Area, gear, species and Year
Discard levels IOTC species, sharks, seabirds, marine turtles, Cetaceans per IOTC Area, gear, species and Year (in number of weight)
Number of fishig craft per boat-gear type category per year
CE Data by fishery (type of boat-gear), area and period
Individual vessel data for all fishing ships catching IOTC species
Surface fisheries: CE by
fishery, 1° grid and month
#FADs [Anchored Supply vessels
Purse seine
& Drifting: CE by
1° grid and month fishery: Effort 1°
grid and month
(PS-BB)]
Longline fisheries: CE by fishery, 5° grid and month
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Sample of catches in land to cover at least 5% vessel activities
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
Individual lengths of IOTC species sampled, by fishery, species, 5° grid, and month
Sample of catches at-sea to cover at least 5% fishing operations
No standards have been set as yet
CE data for foreign licensed fishing vessels (above CE standards)
Full Compliance: Coastal Fisheries
Time
Coastal Fisheries
Reports Fishing Sector
Coverage ≥ 5% vessel activities (e.g. trips)
Sampling in land
At least 1 fish measured for size per ton of catch
Raising &
Aggregation
Catch-and-effort
(statistical area,
boat-gear, species,
month)
Catch-andeffort
estimation
Raising
Size frequency
[Raising]
(statistical area,
boat-gear, species,
month)
Aggregation
Nominal Catch
Catch-and-Effort
Fishing Craft
Size Frequency
(Boat-gear, IOTC
area, Year, Species)
(boat-gear, Stat Area,
Month, Species)
(number boats / size
category, Gear, Year)
(Species, boat-gear,
Stat Area, Month)
Socio-Economic
(Various)
Full Compliance: Surface Fisheries
Time
Surface Fisheries
Catch reports & Logbooks (Fishing Sector)
Coverage ≥ 5% fishing operations (e.g. sets)
Total Enumeration
Sampling at sea
At least 1 fish measured for size per ton of catch
Sampling in land
Catch-and-effort
Catch-andeffort
estimation
(1°Grid, boat-gearfishing mode,
species, month)
Size Data
estimation
Discards
Estimation &
Raising
Aggre
gation
Size frequency
(5°Grid, boat-geartarget, species, month)
Raising
Aggregation
Raising
Nominal Catch
Catch-and-Effort
(Boat-gear-fishing
mode-target, IOTC
area, Year, Species)
(boat-gear-fishing
mode-target, 1°Grid,
Month, Species)
Discards
(Boat-geartarget, IOTC
area, Year,
Species)
FAD &
Supply
[PS+BB]
Size Data
(Species, boatgear-target,
5°Grid, Month)
Trip
Report
(1°Grid)
Active
Vessel
List
SocioEcon.
(Various)
Full Compliance: Longline Fisheries
Time
Longline Fisheries
Total Enumeration
Catch reports & Logbooks (Fishing Sector)
At least 1 fish measured for size per ton of catch
Coverage ≥ 5% fishing operations (e.g. sets)
Sampling at sea
Size frequency
(Species, boat-geartarget species,
5°Grid, Month)
Catch-and-effort
Catch-andeffort
estimation
(5°Grid, boat-geartarget species,
month, species)
Size Data
estimation
Discards
Estimation &
Raising
Aggregation
Raising
Raising
Aggregation
Nominal Catch
Catch-and-Effort
(Boat-gear-target,
IOTC area, Year,
Species)
(boat-gear-target,
5°Grid, Month,
Species)
Discards
(Boat-geartarget, IOTC
area, Year,
Species)
Size Data
(Species, boatgear-target,
5°Grid, Month)
Trip
Report
(1°Grid)
Active
Vessel
List
SocioEcon.
(Various)
Dissection of catch for a Fishing Trip
The IOTC definitions for nominal catches, bycatch, and discards may differ from
those used in other areas
Catch-and-effort and size data shall be collected for IOTC species and the main
species of sharks, as identified by the Commission, from both, nominal catches
and discards
DISCARDS
Total
Retained
catch
catch
Marketable (Other)
• Tuna (-like)
• Sharks
• Other finfish
Discards
Marketable (Target)
• Tuna (-like)
• Sharks
• Other finfish
Discards commercial
and other species
• Tuna (-like)
• Sharks
• Other finfish
Incidental catch
• Seabirds
• Marine turtles
• Cetaceans
NOMINAL CATCH
BYCATCH
0
WS-Indonesia
WS-Iran, Islamic…
WS-India
WS-Sri Lanka
EU-Spain
WS-Maldives
WS-Seychelles
Taiwan,China
WS-Pakistan
EU-France
WS-Yemen
WS-Oman
WS-Malaysia
Japan
WS-Thailand
France OT
Myanmar
NEI-Fresh Tuna
WS-Madagascar
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
NEI-Deep-freezing
Australia
WS-Comoros
China
WS-Tanzania
Korea, Republic of
NEI-Other
EU-France(Reunion)
Qatar
WS-Bangladesh
Philippines
Eritrea
EU-United Kingdom
EU-Portugal
WS-Kenya
WS-Mauritius
South Africa
Egypt
Belize
Guinea
WS-Djibouti
WS-Mozambique
Vanuatu
Kuwait
Jordan
Bahrain
Sudan
United Kingdom OT
East Timor
Metric tons (*1000)
2000
79
1500
67
71
60
52
1000
43
33
500 22%
82
85
93 94 95
90 92
89
87
96
97
98
99
100%
OTHER
Sharks
Billfish
Seerfish
Small tunas
Large tunas
50
Longtail tuna
Skipjack tuna
%
25
0
% of total catch (accumulated)
Importance of IOTC fisheries (2008-2012)
The 19 countries invited at the Workshop have reported catches of IOTC species and sharks
that represent over 75% of the total catches for all fisheries and species combined in the
Indian Ocean (2008-12)
Indonesia, Iran, India, and Sri Lanka caught over 50% of the total catches (2008-12)
100
75
75
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Indonesia (22%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
INDONESIA
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Indonesia reported 1254 industrial tuna longliners, 19 industrial purse seiners
and 2 gillnetters fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Indonesia has reported conflicting catch figures for its coastal fisheries over
the time series (due to lack of sampling)
• Data for coastal and industrial fisheries are not reported separately
• Sampling in port of industrial longliners does not cover all catch components
• Indonesia has implemented logbook and observer programmes but no data
has been reported to date; size data has not been reported since 2010
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Iran, Islamic Republic (11%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
IRAN, ISL. REP.
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Iran reported 1229 industrial tuna gillnetters and 4 industrial purse seiners
fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Data for coastal and industrial fisheries are not reported separately
• Iran has implemented a logbook programme for its industrial fisheries but no
data have been reported to the IOTC to date
• Purse seiners do not use FADs at present (?)
• Size data are not reported by type of fishery or IOTC grid (port sampling)
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
India (10%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
INDIA
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• India reported 20 industrial tuna longliners fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• India has reported conflicting catch figures for its coastal fisheries over the
time series, in particular as regards to species and gear breakdown
• Catches and Catch-and-effort for commercial industrial longliners are as
reported by the fishing sector (in logbooks, likely to be incomplete)
• India reports survey data for FSI longliners
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Sri Lanka (9%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
SRI LANKA
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Sri Lanka reported 2,482 [semi-]industrial multi-purpose vessels fishing for IOTC
species in 2012
• Sri Lanka has strengthened its sampling programme for the coastal and offshore
fisheries
• Data for coastal and industrial fisheries are not reported separately
• Statistics are not recorded by gear type (aggregated by gear)
• No observer programme in place
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Maldives (7%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
MALDIVES
Annual catches (NC+DI)
•
•
•
•
•
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
Compliance refers to the year 2012
Maldives reported 249 baitboats (multi-gear) fishing for IOTC species in 2012
Maldives has not implemented sampling for its coastal fisheries as yet
Data for coastal and industrial fisheries are not reported separately
Catch-and-effort, and size data for industrial fisheries not reported by IOTC
Grid (a logbook programme is in place though ); incomplete species
breakdown (bigeye tuna); discards not available (probably minor discards)
• No observer programme in place
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Seychelles (4%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
SEYCHELLES
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Seychelles reported 8 industrial purse seiners, 3 supply vessels, and 28
longliners fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Seychelles has implemented a sampling programme for its coastal fisheries but
the current system needs to be strengthened
• Numbers of FADs and activities of supply vessels for purse seine fisheries not
reported; No observer programme in place (to be initiated soon)
• No EEZ data reported for foreign licensed vessels in Seychelles in 2012
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Pakistan (4%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch (?)
Discards
Discards (?)
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List (?)
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency (?)
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports (?)
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
PAKISTAN
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries (?)
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets (?)
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Pakistan did not report any industrial vessels fishing for IOTC species in 2012;
however, 10 gillnet vessels were reported in 2011
• Pakistan implemented a sampling programme for its coastal fisheries with the
assistance of WWF; however, no data were reported for 2012
• At present, it is not clear if Pakistan has any industrial vessels operating on the
high seas; or foreign licensed vessels operating in its EEZ
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Yemen (3%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
YEMEN
Annual catches (NC+DI)
•
•
•
•
•
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
Compliance refers to the year 2012
At present Yemen does not have an industrial fleet for IOTC species
Yemen has no sampling programme in place
To date, Yemen has not reported data to the IOTC for its coastal fisheries
Yemen does not license foreign tuna vessels to operate within its EEZ (?)
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Oman (2%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
OMAN
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Oman reported 8 industrial longliners fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Oman has implemented a sampling programme for its coastal fisheries but
catches are not reported fully by gear or species
• Catch and catch-and-effort for the industrial fleet not reported for all active
vessels and not fully by species
• No observer programme in place
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Malaysia (1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
MALAYSIA
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Malaysia reported 5 industrial tuna longliners fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Although nominal catches and catch-and-effort are reported for coastal
fisheries, the species breakdown needs to be reviewed
• Catches and Catch-and-effort for industrial longliners are as reported by the
fishing sector (in logbooks, likely to be incomplete), and refer only to IOTC
Area F51
• Malaysia has not an observer programme in place
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Thailand (1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
THAILAND
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Thailand reported 2 industrial longliners fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Thailand has a sampling programme for its coastal fisheries but coverage is
insufficient
• Catches for the longline fishery not fully by species
• No observer programme in place
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Madagascar (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
MADAGASCAR
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Madagascar reported 8 [semi-]industrial tuna longliners fishing for IOTC species
in 2012
• To date, Madagascar has not reported catches for its coastal fisheries; sampling
in some provinces was implemented in 2013 (IOC-SmartFish & IOTC support)
• Madagascar did not report data other than Nominal catches and some discards
and trip reports for its longline fleet in 2012 (data reported for 2010-11 though)
• No EEZ data reported for foreign licensed vessels in Madagascar in 2012
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Comoros (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
COMOROS
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2011
• At present Comoros does not have an industrial fleet for IOTC species
• In 2011 the sampling system was strengthened with the support of the IOTCOFCF Project; IOC-SmartFish provided further support in 2013
• Comoros licenses foreign vessels to operate within its EEZ; to date, Comoros
has not reported catch-and-effort data for foreign licensed vessels
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Tanzania (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
TANZANIA
Annual catches (NC+DI)
•
•
•
•
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
Compliance refers to the year 2012
Tanzania reported 8 industrial longliners fishing for IOTC species in 2012
Tanzania reported catches for its coastal fisheries aggregated by gear
To date, Tanzania has not reported data for its industrial fleet, other than
information on active vessels
• No EEZ data reported for foreign licensed vessels in Tanzania in 2012
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Bangladesh (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
BANGLADESH
Annual catches (NC+DI)
•
•
•
•
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
Bangladesh is not an IOTC CPC at present (though has applied for CNCP status)
Data availability refers to the year 2012
At present Bangladesh does not have an industrial fleet for IOTC species
Nominal catches for Bangladesh from the FAO database; catch aggregated by
species and no gear information available
• It is not known if Bangladesh licenses foreign vessels to operate within its EEZ
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Kenya (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
KENYA
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• At present Kenya does not have an industrial fleet for IOTC species
• Kenya has reported incomplete catch figures for its coastal fisheries, in
particular as refers to species and gear breakdown
• Kenya did not sample catches at the landing place in 2012
• A sampling programme was established in 2013 (coverage levels are unknown)
• No EEZ data reported for foreign licensed vessels in Kenya in 2012
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Mauritius (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
MAURITIUS
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Mauritius reported 5 industrial longliners fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Mauritius has implemented a sampling system for its coastal fisheries but
coverage is insufficient
• Size data for industrial longliners refers only to swordfish and not by IOTC grid
• No observer programme in place
• Mauritius reported EEZ data for foreign licensed longline vessels in Mauritius
in 2012 (not for purse seiners)
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Djibouti (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
DJIBOUTI
Annual catches (NC+DI)
•
•
•
•
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
Djibouti is not an IOTC CPC at present (though has applied for CNCP status)
Data availability refers to the year 2012
At present Djibouti does not have an industrial fleet for IOTC species
Nominal catches for Djibouti from the FAO database; catch aggregated by
species and no gear information available
• Djibouti does not license foreign tuna vessels to operate within its EEZ (?)
Fully compliant
Partially Compliant
Non-compliant
Not applicable
Mozambique (<1%)
Coastal fleets
EEZ vessels less than 24 m LOA
Industrial surface and longline fleets
Vessels with LOA ≥ 24 m and all high seas vessels
Nominal catch
Nominal catch
Discards
Discards
Active Crafts (FC)
Fishing Craft
Active Vessel List
Catch-and-Effort (CE)
Catch-and-Effort
Size data (SF)
Scientific observer data
Socio-economic data
Size frequency
Size frequency
Sampling Coverage
Trip Reports
Foreign fleets EEZ catch
Not applicable
MOZAMBIQUE
Annual catches (NC+DI)
CE Surface fisheries
FADs
PS-Supply vessels
CE Longline fisheries
No standards have been set as yet
CE EEZ Licensed Foreign Fleets
• Compliance refers to the year 2012
• Mozambique reported 1 industrial longliner fishing for IOTC species in 2012
• Mozambique has implemented catch monitoring for is coastal fisheries;
however, sampling coverage is unknown
• Size data for industrial longliners highly aggregated, not by month and IOTC grid
• No observer programme in place
• No EEZ data reported for foreign licensed vessels in Mozambique in 2012
Summary of Compliance: By Country
Data Requirements Compliance Index
Nominal Catch
Catch-and-Effort
Size Frequency
HIGHEST CATCH
LOWEST CATCH
Indonesia
Mozambique 100
Djibouti
75
Mauritius
Kenya
Iran
Sri Lanka
50
Maldives
25
Bangladesh
0
Seychelles
Tanzania
Comoros
Madagascar
Thailand
Importance
of Catch
India
Pakistan
Yemen
Oman
Malaysia
Summary of Compliance: By Fishery
• The artisanal and semi-industrial fisheries of countries invited to the Workshop
took the majority of the catches in the Indian Ocean during 2008-2012;
• and around 35% of the total catches of industrial fisheries (2008-2012)
• Overall levels of Compliance for countries at the Workshop:
• Nominal catch: 5% artisanal; 35% semi-industrial; 50% industrial
• Catch-&-Effort: Nil artisanal; Nil% semi-industrial; 45% industrial
• Size frequency: Nil artisanal; Nil semi-industrial; 35% industrial
• Observer Programme and discards: Nil compliance
POOR QUALITY
GOOD QUALITY
Q0: As reported
Q2
Q4
Q6
Q8: Not reported/fully estimated
Artisanal
SemiIndustrial
Industrial
Industrial Workshop
SF
Industrial Other
CE
Industrial
NC
Semi-industrial Workshop
SF
Semi-industrial Other
CE
Semi-industrial
NC
Artisanal Workshop
SF
CE
Artisanal Other
NC
Artisanal
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
% Nominal Catch for which NC/CE/SF data are available by IOTC standards
90
100
0
25
50
75
Contribution of catches (%) to total catches
100
Summary of Compliance: Annual Catch
• Nominal catch: 5% artisanal; 35% semi-industrial; 50% industrial
• Discards: Nil coverage
• Major issues:
• Artisanal and semi-industrial fisheries: Catch reports not validated through
independent sampling of catch and effort, then:
• Problems to allocate catches by type of fishery (catches aggregated for
the artisanal and semi-industrial components)
• Problems with estimates of total catch
• Problems with estimates of catches by type of gear; and catches
around anchored-FADs
• Problems with estimates of catches by species
• Industrial fisheries: Catches incomplete (no discards) and not validated due
to lack of sampling at-sea, and in port (some fleets)
• Problems to allocate catches by type of fishery (catches aggregated for
the semi-industrial and industrial components)
Summary of Compliance: Catch-and-Effort
• Catch-&-Effort: Nil artisanal; Nil% semi-industrial; 45% industrial
• Major issues:
• Artisanal and semi-industrial fisheries: Generalized lack of catch-and-effort
data due to lack of independent sampling and poor reporting
• Catch and effort by month not available (seasonality of many fisheries
is unknown)
• Lack of logbook programmes or poor quality data recorded on
logbooks for semi-industrial fleets
• Industrial fisheries: Lack of logbook programmes or poor quality data
recorded on logbooks and data not reported for some fleets
• Purse seine: Numbers of FADs and activities of supply vessels not
reported
• Longline: Lack of reporting for some fleets; catches by gear and target
species group (tropical tunas; swordfish and albacore; other species)
not reported separately
• Other fisheries: Lack of data for industrial pole-and-line and gillnet
fisheries (logbook programmes not fully operational)
Summary of Compliance: Size Frequency
• Size frequency: Nil artisanal; Nil semi-industrial; 35% industrial
• Major issues:
• Artisanal fisheries: Generalized lack of size data due to lack of independent
sampling and poor reporting
• Semi-Industrial fisheries: Insufficient sampling, poor coverage, and poor
reporting
Problems shared by Artisanal and Semi-industrial fisheries:
• Size data not representative of total catches of the fishery concerned
(poor coverage and/or uneven distribution of sampling)
• Size data combined for fisheries operated in different areas and having
different selectivities (e.g. multi-gear fisheries; lack of weighting of size
data)
• Industrial fisheries: Incomplete sampling of catches and insufficient timearea coverage for some fleets
• Length samples not by area (the majority of the longline fleets and all
gillnet vessels and baitboats)
• Lack of size data for bycatch species and discards (lack of at-sea
sampling)
Summary of Compliance: IOTC species
GUT
COM
BLT
FRI
KAW
LOT
SFA
MLS
BLU
BLM
SWO
SKJ
SBF
ALB
BET
YFT
• The majority of the catches of neritic
tunas, BLM, SFA, SKJ and, to a lesser
extent, YFT come from countries
attending the Workshop
• Statistics for marlins, sailfish and neritic
tunas are poor quality in general, due
to:
• Problems with species
identification: Catches misreported
by species
• Problems with gear and species
breakdown: Catches not by gear
and/or species
• Very little catch-and-effort and size data
available for species other than tropical
tunas
ALL
Q0: As reported
Q2
Q4
Q6
Q8: Not reported/fully estimated
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
SF
CE
NC
ALL
GUT
COM
BLT
FRI
KAW
LOT
SFA
MLS
BLU
BLM
SWO
SKJ
SBF
ALB
BET
YFT
0
20
40
60
80
% Nominal Catch for which NC/CE/SF data are available by IOTC standards
100
0
100
Catch WS/Total Catch
(%)
Main Priorities
• Coastal fisheries:
• Implementation (or strengthening) of sampling programmes in most
countries (improvement in data collection) to achieve:
• Separation of coastal and industrial fleets (as defined by the
Commission)
• Obtain the necessary catch-and-effort and size data from the fisheries
• Validation of information reported by the fishing sector or, where not
available, implementation of sampling to obtain the necessary data
• Improve reporting through a better understanding of the requirements and
arrangements in each country to allow the timely reporting of data to the
IOTC (improvement in data management)
• Industrial fisheries:
• Full implementation of logbook systems to achieve 100% logbook
coverage, as recommended by the Commission
• Full implementation of the regional observer scheme (sampling at-sea) to:
• Collect/validate length frequency data for the fishery
• Validate the catch-and-effort data reported in logbooks
• Obtain information on discards of IOTC species and sharks and
incidental catches of other species
Mauritius, 18-20 March 2014
Compliance Workshop: Collection and reporting of Fisheries data to IOTC
WHERE DO WE START ?
www.iotc.org
Sponsored by BOBLME-IOC-SmartFish-IOTC

similar documents