Creating the future Workshop C&LR KEN: Break out session Revision of Cadastre and Land Registry Vision Statement Some food for thought from FIG 2010 Pick ups from different Sydney sessions • Cadastral Futures - building a new vision for the nature and role of cadastres (Rohan Bennett, Abbas Rajabifard, Mohsen Kalantari, Jude Wallace, Ian Williamson) • CADASTRE 2014: New Challenges and Direction (Anna Krelle, Abbas Rajabifard) • Cadastre 2014 – Australia and NZ; now and the future (Bill Hirst) • Can the Innovative Use of Mobile Phones Support More Effective Land Administration Services? (Robin McLaren) Contemporary drivers for the cadastre • Political and legal (global and financial crisis, sustainable development, climate change, MDGs/Poverty reduction, eGovernment/social inclusion) • Environmental (extreme weather events, sea-level rises) • Technological (integration of CAD and GIS, 3D visualization, wireless sensor networks, GNSS, volunteered data, Google Earth /Maps, Internet, eServices/WEB 2.0) • Socio-economic (urbanization of the population, globalization) • Spatial enablement, spatial data infrastructures Future Cadastres • • • • • • Survey-accurate Object-oriented 3D/4D Real-time Global or regional Organic Analysis • The need for frameworks to manage rights, restrictions and responsibilities must be acknowledged. Cadastre will show the complete legal situation of land, including public rights and restrictions, i.e. all interests in land • These frameworks must be adaptable and flexible to accommodate the new rights, restrictions and responsibilities that may emerge in the future • Abolishment of separation between ”maps” and ”registers” (also others than land titles) has potential benefits such as reduced cost for users, increased efficiency of processes, easy information updates, reduced redundancy and reduced risk of errors Analysis • While modeling will certainly become more prominent, cadastral mapping still has and will continue to have a role in the future • Consider implications of legal coordinates to define cadastral boundaries • Recognize the varying social and cultural environments in which cadastral systems operate, in particular: country readiness, capacity, for developed countries – investment into developments such as SDI and eGovernment for value add Analysis • Still true to say that Cadastre will be highly privatized. Public and private sector are working closely together. It aligns with the pressures from society for efficient, reliable and customer service approaches, and follows trends for increased investment from private sectors into the area of spatial information. But country context is important. • Acknowledge the potential that new developments such as SDI, SEG and Google can offer for cost recovery. Must acknowledge country context in which the statement is applied Volunteered data – Use of mobile phones • Mobile phones have made a bigger difference to the lives of more people, more quickly, than any previous communications technology. • They have spread the fastest and proved the easiest and cheapest to adopt. • Mobile phones are already changing the developing world Agricultural information services for prices, weather and farming tips, gathering health information in the field to help manage drug stocks, verifying the authenticity of drugs Potential Mobile Land Administration Services • • • • • • • Accessing Customer Information Services Recording Ownership Rights Obtaining Title Accessing Land Information Paying Mortgage Instalments Marketing Real Estate Participating in Development Control/Planning Conclusions • The drivers for change are clear – urbanization, globalization, climate change, good governance, environmental management, disaster management, technology • The increasing and innovative use of mobile phones in the developing world is fast turning them into a global development tool that is changing people’s lives and improving GDP across nations. The challenge for Land Professionals is not just to replicate the elements of the current services using mobile phones, but to radically rethink land administration services using this new, innovative citizen centric paradigm! Introducing the session • • • • Existing vision provides a basis Developments, various in nature, require a new approach During this session, we like to acquire input from you the members This sessions focuses on 3 questions: • What developments and activities require adoption in the new vision? • What are your expectations/what would you like to be achieved? • How can we meet these expectations? • Share results with audience/follow up 3 Questions • What developments and activities require adoption in the new vision? • What are your expectations/what would you like to be achieved? • How can we meet these expectations?