Understanding the Global Apparel Manufacturing Process PPT

Report
Understanding
the Global
Apparel
Manufacturing
Process 2.02
How our clothing is
created…
From Design to Reality…

Once a prototype, or example of the product
has been created, then the manufacturing
process begins…
Image Source:
http://www.sdfltd.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/clothing_manufacturer.jpg
Developing a Production
Pattern
There are four steps to the process of
creating a pattern for a manufactured
apparel product:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Grading
Marking
Spreading
Cutting
ImageSource:
http://www.artec3d.com/upload/iblock/ee2/Pattern-production.jpg
Creating Different Sizes

Most apparel products come in various sizes.
Patterns have to be created for each size. This
process is called grading.
Image Source: http://www.patternsandgrading.com/sitebuilder/images/grading_only-540x355-540x351.png
How is Grading Done
Grading can be done by:
 a CAD (Computer Aided Design)
software program
or
 By hand on paper
Developing a Marker
 Marking
is the process that uses a computer or
paper to create an outline of the shape of the
pattern piece .
 The markers are then placed on the fabric in a
way ensure the least amount of wasted fabric
possible.
Image Source: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-LqjRC1l3VA8/Td5Mxl9GpGI/AAAAAAAAG0E/eX_rqraOjss/s1600/LADIES+NIGHT+DRESS-NIGHTYMARKER+PLANNING.bmp
Spreading the Fabric
 Spreaders
are machines used to place
multiple layers of fabric so they can be cut
into pieces ready for assembly.
Cutting It All Out…
 The
cutting process usually involves one of
two primary types of machines:
1.
Electric Cutting Knife
2.
Laser Cutting Machine
Electric Knife Machine
Computerized Laser Cutter
Assembling the Product
Apparel assembly usually involves one of
four basic methods:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Tailoring/Whole Garment
Progressive Bundle/Piecework
Unit Production
Modular Manufacturing
Tailoring/Whole Garment
One person creates the design, pattern and
assembles the garment from start to finish.
Image Source:http://images.clickliverpool.com/admin/article/articleimages/1263472034-tailor.jpg
Progressive Bundle/Piecework
 Each
operator does different parts of the
assembly process

Image Source: http://morethanshipping.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/BANGLADESH.bmp
Unit Production
 This
system
involves
transporting all of
the parts of the
product together
in a carrier
through the entire
assembly process.
Image Source:
http://img.diytrade.com/cdimg/437786/4273562/0/11894040
64/Euratex_Unit_Production_System.jpg
Modular Production
 Multiple
operators work together as a
team to create the product with each
individual performing multiple steps.
Standards of Quality Control
When measuring the quality of a finished
product, there are two different types of
quality to consider
•
•
Design Quality
Manufacturing Quality
Design Quality
 Design
quality takes into consideration the
features that are part of the design of a
garment. Certain sewing techniques and
seam finishes are used on higher quality
garments that would not be seen on
garments of lesser quality – ie. bound
seams, top stitching etc.
Manufacturing Quality
Manufacturing quality considers the care
with which a garment has been created.
Workers in this area of inspection would look
for:
1. color defects
2. construction defects
3. sizing defects

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