Economic Health Indicators

Report
Economic Health and Employment
Indicators in North Minneapolis
Jeff Matson
Steve Peyton
Center for Urban and Regional Affairs
Overview
• Contract with LISC and Building Sustainable Communities
Partners
– Neighborhood Assessment
– Technical Assistance
• Shared understanding of data
• Illuminating gaps & racial disparity
• Quantify the values in each critical category
• How can community organizations best use this data?
Data Categories
• Housing
– Cost-burdened households
– Home ownership
• Employment
– Unemployment rates
– Laborforce participation
– Joblessness
• Poverty
– Households in poverty
– Wage categories
• Public Safety
– Crime
LISC Building Sustainable
Communities Focus Areas
North Minneapolis
BSC Area
White
African American
American Indian
Asian
Hawaiian/Pacific
Islander
Other
Two or More Races
Employment
In Work Force
Total
White (NonHispanic)
231,216
Metropolitan
Region
1,632,782
Minneapolis
Number Employed
Number
Unemployed
Percent
Unemployed
In Work Force
14,866
209,346
1,513,652
3,965
21,870
119,130
21.1%
9.5%
7.3%
5,661
163,337
1,310,636
Number Employed
Number
Unemployed
Percent
Unemployed
In Work Force
5,068
152,998
1,232,181
593
10,339
78,455
10.5%
6.3%
6.0%
8,640
30,506
113,890
6,144
23,518
94,167
2,496
6,988
19,723
28.9%
22.9%
17.3%
Number Employed
African American
North
Minneapolis
18,831
Number
Unemployed
Percent
Unemployed
Employment
The Current Unemployment Rate for the
African American Population in North
Minneapolis is:
28.9%
The Current Unemployment Rate for the
White (Non-Hispanic) Population of the City
is:
6.3%
Reducing the North Mpls African American
Poverty Rate to Match the City’s White
Poverty Rate will Require This Many People to
Procure Employment:
1,952
Employment
30%
25%
Total
20%
White (Non-Hispanic)
African American
15%
Asian
10%
Minneapolis White
(Non-Hispanic)
Metro White (NonHispanic)
5%
0%
2000
2003
2006
2009
2012
Unemployment
• Spatial concentration of unemployment in North Minneapolis
• Racial disparities in the unemployment rate
– High African American unemployment rate specifically
• Widening unemployment gap over time between North Minneapolis and
the City and Region as a whole
• Distribution of high- and low-income employment is skewed toward
lower wages in North Minneapolis
Poverty
North Minneapolis
Total
Minneapolis
Metropolitan Region
Individuals Below
Poverty Line
Percent Below
Poverty Line
Individuals Below
Poverty Line
Percent Below
Poverty Line
Individuals Below
Poverty Line
Percent Below
Poverty Line
15,071
36.6%
83,366
22.5%
299,741
10.6%
Non-Hispanic
White
African American
1,364
15.1%
29,401
12.9%
133,045
6.2%
8,348
42.0%
29,735
45.4%
78,176
33.9%
American Indian
Asian
Hispanic
256
2,723
1,433
63.4%
43.0%
41.3%
2,895
6,204
12,421
48.9%
30.7%
33.0%
5,536
31,481
38,546
32.4%
17.2%
23.3%
The Current Poverty Rate for The African
American Population of North Minneapolis
is:
42.0%
The Current Poverty Rate for the White
(Non-Hispanic) Population of the
Metropolitan Region is:
6.2%
Reducing the North Mpls African American
Poverty Rate to Match the Metropolitan
White Poverty Rate will Require This Many
People to Move Out of Poverty:
7,116
Poverty
50%
Total
40%
African American
30%
Minneapolis Total
20%
Minneapolis White (NonHispanic)
Metro Total
10%
Metro White (Non-Hispanic)
0%
2000
2003
2006
2009
2012
Poverty
• High level of racial disparities in poverty
• Spatially-concentrated poverty
• Instability and higher increase over time
Indicator Assessment
• Consistent spatially concentrated and racially differentiated
economic disparities North Minneapolis
• Trends have remained constant in the last decade
• Targeted strategies need to take into account both race and
location
• Moving Forward
– How can we target policies toward closing this gap?
– Understanding the multi-dimensional framework of unemployment
and poverty
– Place-specific and program-oriented

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