November 7

Election results and comments
90% chimp and 10% bee
What does he mean by this?
Flag sticker on car (overgeneralization?)
Is there group selection?
What is the free rider problem?
How can we get around it, according to Haidt?
Can animals be altruistic? Can we (and according to whom)?
Is this true for all people or just weird people?
Multilevel selection
What evidence does Haidt give for multilevel selection? Why does this
concept matter?
Major transitions in evolution produce superorganisms
Shared intentionality leads to shared moral foundations
Genes and culture co-evolve (Richerson & Boyd’s tribal instincts
Evolution can be fast
The “hive switch”
How can we activate the hive switch according to Haidt?
What are other things that make us more groupcentric?
How does our biology get involved?
How does hiving relate to liberalism/conservatism? Do they have the same
What does Haidt suggest for making groups more productive?
How is religion hivey?
How are sports like religion?
What is the function of religion, according to Haidt?
How does Atran and Henrich’s approach differ from that of the “new
Why is religion better (or is it) than other ways of bringing people together
and promoting social control?
“Religion is therefore often an accessory to atrocity, rather than the driving
force of the atrocity.” p. 268
“Societies that forgo the exoskeleton of religion should reflect carefully on
what will happen to them over several generations…the first atheistic
societies in Europe…are the least efficient societies ever known at turning
resources…into offspring…” p. 269
Definition of moral systems
“Moral systems are interlocking sets of values, virtues, norms, practices,
identities, institutions, technologies, and evolved psychological mechanisms
that work together to suppress or regulate self-interest and make
cooperative societies possible.” p. 270
Back to politics
Have we grown further apart? Why?
Again Block is miscited!
What are McAdams’s 3 levels of personality?
How does Haidt’s use of McAdams’s research to explain political orientation
mesh with other research we’ve read this semester?
Why does Haidt claim that it is easier for conservatives to understand
liberals than vice versa? What evidence does he give?
How does Haidt define conservatism? How is that similar to or different from
other definitions we’ve read this semester?
Why and when do liberals develop only 3 foundations?
Are 3 foundations really worse than 6?
Moral capital
“the degree to which a community possesses interlocking sets of values,
virtues, norms, practices, identities, institutions, and technologies that mesh
well with evolved psychological mechanisms and thereby enable the
community to suppress or regulate selfishness and make cooperation
possible” p. 292
Liberals fail to consider effects of reforms on moral capital—examples?
Conservatives fail to notice some victims and limit powerful institutions and
resist change.
Corporations as superorganisms?
What are libertarians, according to Haidt’s research?
Health insurance vs. free market
What does Haidt offer as solutions to an increasingly divided US?
The “numbers lady”
Critiques of Haidt’s book
Next week and upcoming
3 readings (click on links) plus find an article on media and politics to
informally present; test questions out
Automatic effects plus multimedia due
Finals week, Wed night same time: Group project presentations; Discussion
of multimedia projects

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