Zambia Environmental Management Agency Development of NIPs for POPs in Zambia By David Kapindula Inception Workshop held at Radisson Blu Hotel, Lusaka 6, August 2013 INTRODUCTION • The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from chemicals that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of humans and wildlife, and have adverse effects to human health and the environment. INTRODUCTION • Zambia became a signatory to the Stockholm Convention May 2001 • Zambia developed her NIPs from 2002 - 2006 • Zambia transmitted NIPs to the SC Secretariat at COP 4 in May 2009 • Zambia became Party on October 5, 2006 by submitting the instruments of ratification in July of 2006 NIPs DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA Development of the NIP in Zambia involved the following five phases: • Phase I – Establishment of Coordinating Mechanism and Process Organisation • Phase II- Establishment of POPs Inventories and Assessment of National Infrastructure and Capacity • Phase III- Priority Assessment and Objective Setting • Phase IV- Formulation of National Implementation Plan • Phase V- NIP Endorsement and Submission NIPs DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA PHASE I: ESTABLISHMENT OF COORDINATING MECHANISM AND PROCESS ORGANISATION The initial processes in Zambia included the following steps (i) MOU signing in July 2002 (ii) Setting up of the National Coordinator’s Office at ECZ in Aug 2002 (iii) Holding of the national workshop at which the NCC and the Four Thematic Groups were formed. These were Dioxins & Furans, DDT, PCBs and POPs Pesticides. In August 2002 secretariat produced the Project Plan and initial information dissemination was made to stakeholders and the public on POPs By the end of September 2002 the Four Thematic Groups had started technical meetings. There were on average one meeting per month. NIPs DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA PHASE II: ESTABLISHMENT OF POPS INVENTORIES AND ASSESSMENT OF NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND CAPACITY Work plan developed for National wide inventory (All Nine Provinces). This was done in last quarter of 2003 and additional data collection in September/October 2004 Following data gathering was the development of the National POPs Inventory ( PCBs, DDT, Dioxins & Furans, and POPs Pesticides). Creation of National POPs Database Assessment of POPs in Zambia and POPs Assessment Reports were produced NIPs DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA PHASE III: PRIORITY ASSESSMENT AND OBJECTIVE SETTING Key activity was the review of national status based on inventory ( including national Legal framework) Four Consultants were hired to do an Analysis of Existing Data on Human Health, Socio-economic and the Environment Three workshops were held to undertake a Priority Assessment and setting of objectives ( for DDT, PCBs, POPs Pesticides and Dioxins & Furans, Monitoring, Legal and Institutional framework, Contaminated Sites and Public Awareness) At the end a National Priority Assessment and Objective Setting Report was produced NIPs DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA PHASE IV: FORMULATION OF NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Following the Priority assessment and Objective Setting, the Subcommittees embarked on the action plans development for the NIP The National Action Plans Development focused on; (i) POPs Pesticides (ii) DDT, (iii) PCBs, (iv) Dioxins and Furans, (v) Stocks piles, (vi) Public Awareness (v) Monitoring NIPs DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA PHASE V: NIPs ENDORSEMENT AND SUBMISSION NIP Drafting and Production National Coordinating Committee Endorsement National High Level Endorsement Submit to Secretariat LESSONS LEARNED Multi Stakeholder Approach was very useful Enhanced information gathering fostered networking Time demanding Harmonizing divergent views Created awareness among stakeholders on POPs at various levels Guidance materials came late while the project was in progress Capacity was built at local level e.g. PCBs testing CURRENT STATUS Some projects on POPs implemented with funding from Finland and UNEP Disposal of PCBs by the mines Capacity building for POPs Effectiveness evaluation – background levels of POPs monitoring No preliminary studies have been undertaken nationally to determine presence of new POPs No strategy yet developed on new POPs END THANK YOU!