Rosa Parks

Report
Rosa Parks
{ By: Hailey Schroeder
Background
Born: February 4,1913 in Tuskegee,
Alabama
 Died: October 24, 2005 at age 92 in
Detroit
 Attended high school at Industrial school
for girls in Montgomery until she left to go
to Alabama State College for Negroes for
secondary education
 Married Raymond Parks at age 19
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“We didn't have any civil rights. It
was just a matter of survival, of
existing from one day to the next. I
remember going to sleep as a girl
hearing the Klan ride at night and
hearing a lynching and being afraid
the house would burn down."
NAACP
Rosa and her husband joined the NAACP
 Worked closely with President Nixon
 The goal was to improve the ways of AfricanAmericans in the South
 This program worked on many cases such as rape
and murder
 Rosa Parks stated “We didn't seem to have too many
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successes. It was more a matter of trying to challenge
the powers that be, and to let it be known that we did
not wish to continue being second-class citizens."
Seamstress
Rosa and her husband also worked as
seamstress together.
 While working, Rosa came across Clifford and
Virginia Durr
 Clifford and Virginia took Rosa Highlander Folk
School in Tennessee
 The school trained social activists.
 At the school, Rosa learned ways to protest
against segregation
 After Parks returned back home she was more
determined to get rid of Jim Crow Laws

December 1, 1955
Rosa Parks, 42 year old boarded Montgomery
City bus
 Refused to give her seat up to a white man
 Rosa was than arrested by two police man for
not obeying the Jim Crow Laws.
 President Nixon and Clifford Durr bailed Rosa
out of jail.
 The word of what had happened to Rosa spread
very quickly
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http://tsminteractive.com/this-day-in-history-for-december-1-rosa-parks-arrested/
Montgomery Bus Boycott
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Over 35,000 handbills were made and announced to bus boycott
After the boycott worked for one day, the Montgomery
Improvement Association was put into place
 President of this Association was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
During the boycott, African Americans decided only to carpool,
take cab, or walk.
 Some people walked up to 20 miles a day
“The Supreme Court ruled that segregation on city buses were
unconstitutional on November 13, 1956”
Although, the boycott did not end until November 20, 1956. They
were waiting until the court written order came into Montgomery.
The boycott lasted 382 days
Known as the “largest boycott in American History”
 17,000 African Americans participated in this boycott
Rosa Parks was named “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement”
http://www.thehenryford.org/exhibits/pic/2002/02.feb.html
After Boycott
With all the threats that occurred during the boycott,
Rosa and her family moved to Detroit
 Stayed a seamstress and was a spokesperson for
Civil Rights
 After a year, came back to Montgomery.
 Worked as a secretary for U.S. Representative John
Conyers
 Co-founded with the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute
for Self-Development
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Awards
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Presidential Medal of Freedom
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"she stood up for the ideals of equality and justice and demanded that
the rest of us do the same.“
Congressional Gold Medal
In 2001 opened up the Rosa Parks Museum and Library
Each year in Parks honor, the Southern Christian Leadership
Conference Award presents Rosa Parks Freedom Award
Rosa Parks was the only women and second of African Americans to
lie in state at the Capitol
Video
http://www.history.com/topics/rosa-parks/videos#bet-youdidnt-know-rosa-parks
References
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Academy of achievement . (1961). Retrieved from
http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/pagegen/index.html
Bio.. (2005). Retrieved from
http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biographies/rosaparks.html
Chaberski, C. (2012, November 30). This day in history for december 1 —
rosa parks arrested, and more. Retrieved from
http://tsminteractive.com/this-day-in-history-for-december-1-rosa-parksarrested/
Gaillard, F. (2007, March 14). Encyclopedia of alabama. Retrieved from
http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1111
Pretzer, W. S. (2002, February). The rosa parks bus. Retrieved from
http://www.thehenryford.org/exhibits/pic/2002/busmore.html
History. (1996). Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/rosa-parks
Pettinger, T. (n.d.). Biography online. Retrieved from
http://www.biographyonline.net/humanitarian/rosa-parks.html
Stevens, P. (2006). Rosa parks . Retrieved from
http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdrosa.htm
Story behind the bus. (2002). Retrieved from
http://www.thehenryford.org/exhibits/rosaparks/story.asp

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