Lingustics 19 2014F Assignment 4 Syntax Albert Weng • Zeugma: He lost his coat and temper. • Bracketing ambiguity: I saw the man walk his dog with binoculars. • Grammatical categories: As I was leaving this morning, I said to myself, "The last thing you must do is forget your speech." And, sure enough, as I left the house this morning, the last thing I did was to forget my speech. • Original: I told him to throw it right and left. Devin Shen • "The farmers in the valley grew potatoes, peanuts, and bored." (Wunderland) • "He fished for compliments and for trout." (Words & Stuff) • Flying planes can be dangerous. (Wikipedia) • Original: Milking cows sure be troublesome when you don't have enough grass. Maddie Mundorf Semantic/thematic roles: (?) A man walks into a bar and says “Ouch.” • Bracketing ambiguity: Joe: “Let’s eat up the street.” Larry: “No thanks, I don’t like concrete.” • Original (Grammatical category):My friend Tanner is always the subject of a lot of jokes because his name is also an adjective, so for example when he got back from a boating trip where he spent long days in the sun I told him, “Hey! You’re tanner!” • Hannah Lee • Structural ambiguity: Did you hear about the blind carpenter who picked up a hammer and saw? • Lexical ambiguity: A linguistics professor was lecturing his class the other day. "In English," he said, "a double negative forms a positive. However, in some languages, such as Russian, a double negative remains a negative. But there isn't a single language, not one, in which a double positive can express a negative." A voice from the back of the room retorted, "Yeah, right." • Zeugma: The farmers in the valley grew potatoes, peanuts, and bored. • Original: The lazy butcher cut meat and corners. Carrie Rapaport • Hierarchal structure from “Mary Poppins”: “I know a man with a wooden leg named Smith” “What’s the name of his other leg?” • Zeugma from Alanis Morrisette’s song, “Head Over Feet”: “You held your breath and the door for me…” • Bracketing ambiguity from a “Muppet Show” episode when Dudley Moore attempts to replace Dr. Teeth’s Electric Mayhem band with an R2D2-like musical robot: Dr. Teeth: “Look! It’s a musical garbage can!” Floyd: “Yeah! Playing some musical garbage!” • Original: I’ve always found it hysterical when restaurants post on their marquees “Kids Eat 99 Cents.” I always think “Wow! I bet that tastes horrible.” Margaret English Clausal complement: “I need for "I see," said the blind carpenter, asahe woman to the be happy“ picked up hammerwith andsubject saw. raising. Adverbial clause: “I need a woman in order (for me) to be happy” with subject deletion. Amy Tam • Parts of speech: noun (gerund)/adjective (idiom):Jane was a chronically late employee; it seemed like her career was just taking off. • Semantic roles: recipient/patient: The comedian Dick Gregory tells of walking up to a lunch counter in Mississippi during the days of racial segregation. The waitress said to him, "We don't serve colored people." "That's fine," he replied, "I don't eat colored people. I'd like a piece of chicken." • Bracketing ambiguity [also submitted by Yiqin Liu]: A cafeteria sign: Shoes are required to eat in the cafeteria. Socks can eat any place they want. ([Shoes are required][to eat in the cafeteria.]/[Shoes are [required to eat] in the cafeteria.]) • Original: A couple of travelers were staying in a barn overnight. The man told his son, "It's time to hit the hay." The boy proceeded to smack the hay bales. Ashley Huang Abraham Lincoln wrote the Gettysburg address while traveling from Washington to Gettysburg on the back of an envelope. Original: The missing dog was found by the mailbox. Yiqin Liu • Teacher: “How can you prevent diseases caused by biting insects?” Jose: “Don't bite any.” • Q: How can you lift an elephant with one hand? A: You will never find an elephant that has only one hand. • Original: Q: If it took a man ten hours to do a CS lab, how long would it take three men to write it? A: No time at all, the lab is already done. Allison Sanders Recursion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= LUN2YN0bOi8 Bracketing Ambiguity: Teacher: Sally, you're pretty dirty. Sally: Yes; and I'm even prettier when I'm clean. Original: A young boy was playing in the house while his mother was out running errands. Despite her previous admonishments to him to "stop throwing the ball indoors", he amused himself by bouncing his tennis ball off the walls... until the ball ricocheted off a corner and slammed into a vase, knocking it off the table. The boy's sister, running at the sound of the crash, hurried into the living room. "What happened?" she cried. "I dented the vase in several places," he said, hanging his head in shame. "Well, I suggest you stop going to those places then," his sister warned, "especially while mom is gone!" Davey Wong • I believe we should all pay our tax bill with a smile. I tried---- but they wanted cash. • A hard man is good to find. • CIA held suspect in secret prison for months. • Original: It was hard to tell him the joke. Jesus Salazar Original: Person 1: Can you make me a hot dog? Person 2: “Boom! You’re a hot dog!” Ron Arbel Original: Want to marry a strong, hard working man? Well I'm a buff shoe polisher. Chase Madorsky • Zeugma: She looked at the object with suspicion and a magnifying glass. • “Commas”: A panda walks into a café. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and proceeds to fire it at the other patrons. "Why?" asks the confused, surviving waiter amidst the carnage, as the panda makes towards the exit. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife manual and tosses it over his shoulder. "Well, I'm a panda," he says. "Look it up.” The waiter turns to the relevant entry in the manual and, sure enough, finds an explanation. "Panda. Large black-and-white bear-like mammal, native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves." • Hierarchical structure: The man became born again for the second time today in church. • Original: I drove myself crazy and to the supermarket.