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Metaphysical Poetry
101
Warm-up

When you think of Metaphysical, What
do you think of?
What Is Metaphysical Poetry?
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-Started in the 17th century England
-It is seen a bold and ingenious conceits examples:
metaphors drawing sometimes forced parallels
between apparently dissimilar ideas or things
-subtle though and paradoxes, direct use of
language, rhythem derived from living speech
Authors include: John Donne, George Herbert,
Henry Vaughan, Andrew Marvell, Abraham Cowley
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Link <a
href="http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Metaphysical+poetry">Metaphysical
poetry</a>
Guiding Questions?
What are the main elements to
Metaphysical poetry?
 Where was Metaphysical poetry most
prominent?
 What poetic devices are most commonly
used in Metaphysical poetry?
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 Which
art Period is associated with
the Metaphysical Poetry movement?
AP Style Prompts

In this following poem called “A Garden,
written after the Civil War” by Andrew Marvell,
he addresses the end of the Civil War. After
reading, write an essay of how poetic devices
are used to enhance his feelings of the event.

Andrew Marvell’s “The Mower’s Song” is a
prime example of metaphysical poetry. After
reading, list at least two poetic devices with
examples to show your understanding of the
theme.
Lesson 1.1 (words)

As a group, you and your table will view
the screen and select certain words that
stand out to you the most. (Minimum 5
Words).

And all garrisons flowers;
And men did rosy garlands
wear?
 And sleeps too; but if once
stirr’d,
 But when vigilant patrol
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roses only arms might bear,
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SEE how flowers, as parade,
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Seem their staves ensigns furl’d.
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She runs you through, nor asks
word.
stars walks round about pole,
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But, exclude world, did guard
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Each bee, sentinel, shut,
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sweet militia restore,
Their leaves, stalks are curl’d
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Each regiment order grows,
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Then in some flower’s belovèd
hut
Thou Paradise four seas
tulip, pink, rose.
Under their colours stand
display’d:
Unhappy! shall we never more

What luckless apple did we taste

With wat’ry if not flaming sword;
garden world erewhile,
 gardens only had their
towers,
 Heaven planted us please,
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make us mortal and thee
waste!
 O thou, dear and happy Isle,
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Lesson 1.2 (Rhyme)

As a group, you and your table will view
the hand-out and figure out a possible
rhyme scheme. Using this rhyme
scheme, Try to piece together the poem.
Lesson 1.2 (A Garden By Andrew Marvel)
SEE how the flowers, as at parade,
Under their colours stand display’d:
Thou Paradise of the four seas
Which Heaven planted us to please,
But, to exclude the world, did guard
Each regiment in order grows,
That of the tulip, pink, and rose.
But when the vigilant patrol
Of stars walks round about the pole,
Their leaves, that to the stalks are curl’d
Seem to their staves the ensigns furl’d.
Then in some flower’s belovèd hut
Each bee, as sentinel, is shut,
And sleeps so too; but if once stirr’d,
She runs you through, nor asks the word.
O thou, that dear and happy Isle,
The garden of the world erewhile,
With wat’ry if not flaming sword;
What luckless apple did we taste
To make us mortal and thee waste!
Unhappy! shall we never more
That sweet militia restore,
When gardens only had their towers,
And all the garrisons were flowers;
When roses only arms might bear,
And men did rosy garlands wear?
Introduction
John Donne (info)
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Born into an English
family of whom supported
Catholicism.
Doubted his religion.
Wasted his inheritance
Dean of St. Paul’s.
Poems revolved around
the ideas of love, and
death.
A Fever By John Donne
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Oh do not die, for I shall hate
All women so, when thou art gone,
That thee I shall not celebrate,
When I remember, thou wast one.
But yet thou canst not die, I know;
To leave this world behind, is death,
But when thou from this world wilt go,
The whole world vapours with thy breath.
Or if, when thou, the world’s soul, go`st,
It stay, ’tis but thy carcase then,
The fairest woman, but thy ghost,
But corrupt worms, the worthiest men.
Oh wrangling schools, that search what fire
Shall burn this world, had none the wit
Unto this knowledge to aspire,
That this her fever might be it ?
And yet she cannot waste by this,
Nor long bear this torturing wrong,
For much corruption needful is
To fuel such a fever long.
These burning fits but meteors be,
Whose matter in thee is soon spent.
Thy beauty, and all parts, which are thee,
Are unchangeable firmament.
Yet ’twas of my mind, seizing thee,
Though it in thee cannot persever.
For I had rather owner be
Of thee one hour, than all else ever.
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A fever is the death
of man.
Theme of love and
death.
Draws upon emotion
(rhyme).
Metaphor/ imagery
AB Rhyme scheme.
George Herbert (info)
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Born into an artistic and
wealthy family.
Mother was a patron and
friend of poet John
Donne.
Anglican Priest.
Poems usually are
religious, have rhyme
schemes, and unique
stanza shape.
Poetry Analysis
Easter wings
 Stanzas form a wing
shape
 From fall of man to
redemption
 Religious and deals
with human fraility
 Theme: God can help
you rise
 ababcdcd rhyme
scheme to create
order
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Sir John Suckling (info)
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Cavalier Poet but
considered metaphysical
Known works:
 Ballade Upon a Wedding
 Why so Pale and Wan, Fond
Lover
 I Prithee, Send Me Back My
Heart
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Style reflects John Donne
Poems mainly exhibited
love
I prithee send me back my heart
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I prithee send me back my heart,
Since I cannot have thine;
For if from yours you will not part,
Why, then, shouldst thou have mine?
Yet now I think on't, let it lie,
To find it were in vain;
For thou hast a thief in either eye
Would steal it back again.
Why should two hearts in one breast lie,
And yet not lodge together?
O Love! where is thy sympathy,
If thus our breasts thou sever?
But love is such a mystery,
I cannot find it out;
For when I think I'm best resolved,
I then am in most doubt.
Then farewell care, and farewell woe;
I will no longer pine;
For I'll believe I have her heart,
As much as she hath mine.
Edward Taylor (info)
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Born in Leicestershire, England 1642
Son of a non-conformist yeoman
farmer who was left England after
Charles II issued the act of Uniformity.
Became an American Colonist soon
after His arrival the Americas
Admitted to Harvard University as a
second year student.
Only American who worked in
metaphysical poetry.
His profession included a pastor and
physician as well as a Poet
Continued…

His motivations as a poet to create metaphysical
poetry:
 Strong belief in religion
 A strict upbringing of religion due to
Congregationalist Puritans
Meditation 1

What Love is this of thine, that Cannot bee
In thine Infinity, O Lord, Confinde,
Unless it in thy very Person see,
Infinity, and Finity Conjoyn'd?
What hath thy Godhead, as not satisfide
Marri'de our Manhood, making it its Bride?
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Oh, Matchless Love! filling Heaven to the brim!
O're running it: all running o're beside
This World! Nay Overflowing Hell; wherein
For thine Elect, there rose a mighty Tide!
That there our Veans might through thy Person bleed,
To quench those flames, that else would on us feed.
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Oh! that thy Love might overflow my Heart!
To fire the same with Love: for Love I would.
But oh! my streight'ned Breast! my Lifeless Sparke!
My Fireless Flame! What Chilly Love, and Cold?
In measure small! In Manner Chilly! See.
Lord blow the Coal: Thy Love Enflame in mee.
The End
For more good reading…
John Donnehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Donne
 George Herberthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Herbert
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Edward Taylorhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Taylor
John Suckling-
http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/suckling/
http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/sir-johnsuckling
http://www.poemhunter.com/sir-john-suckling/

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