Organization

Report
Note: These slides are mostly image free.
I bought the images you saw and do not have
the right to give them to others. (Today’s lesson:
copyright rules! We don’t teach that but we should.)
For a class presentation, just go to Google and download
images. Type in “gestures”—select “images”—select high
resolution, for example.
Two fish…
Water & Insanity
What I will share today:
a practical framework for teaching
effective oral communication
Goals:
To transform the way you think
about oral communication
To share ideas for updating current
speaking activities
Of your lessons that depend on…
Of life’s important communication
Of what you do will be better if…
books in NCTE catalog
teacher prep/workshops
confidence you have that you can teach speaking
Speaking…
Digital Speaking…
Speaking and Listening:
Flexible communication and collaboration
Including but not limited to skills necessary for formal
presentations, the Speaking and Listening standards
require students to develop a range of broadly useful
oral communication and interpersonal skills. Students
must learn to work together, express and listen
carefully to ideas, integrate information from oral,
visual, quantitative, and media sources, evaluate
what they hear, use media and visual displays
strategically to help achieve communicative purposes,
and adapt speech to context and task.
New tools showcase speaking…
Webinars
Podcasts
Video
Skype
Digital stories…
but students don’t speak well.
Blame technology:
they text, tweet, Facebook
Blame us:
we don’t specifically teach speaking
Making kids talk
as an afterthought
in some other unit
is not the same as
teaching speaking.
Assigning
Assigning ≠ Teaching
≠
Teaching
War against ISIS is a good
Idea. It will keep America
safe. There are bad people
there. We need to stop
them. My dad says that they
have a bad religion, too. We
are making the world safe.
three diferent groups are fiting for
control in the MidEast the sunnis
the shiites and the curds. For 1300
years they have been killing each
other we need to stayin iraq to
stop them from fiting and
destaybleizing the entire region,
not doing so would open the door
to violint movemints And terreris
organazations
Multiple-trait writing
•
•
•
•
•
•
Content
Organization
Voice
Sentence structure
Word choice
Mechanics
Students listen and speak
in your class.
It is up to
you
to teach
students
how to
do those
well.
That is not
the same as
commenting
after the fact.
What are the pieces of effective
speaking?
elocution
articulation
enunciation
rhythm
clearly
body language
pitch
hold head up
poise
slowly
eye contact
look at audience
stand up straight
projection
enthusiasm
volume
tone
posture
expression
presence
intonation
inflection
loudly
stance
gestures
body movement
fluid expression
vocal modulation
Necessary
Sufficient
Doable
Understandable
Two distinct parts
• Building a
speech
• Performing a
speech
Audience
Content
Organization
Visual aids
Appearance
Who?
What?
Important information
Interesting information
Connectors
Clarifiers
No verbal viruses
Basic speech plan
Grabber opening
Signposts
Powerful closing
Relevant
Accessible
Important
Designed, not decorated
Convey the
appropriate
image
Audience
Content
Organization
Visual aids
Appearance
Poise
Voice
Life
Eye contact
Gestures
Speed
Poise
Calm & confident
No shuffling, rocking, fidgeting
Nervous smile
That one thing you do
Voice
Every word heard
Life
Feeling
Emotion
Passion
Eye Contact
Hands
Gestures
Face
Body
Speed
Too fast?
Fast & slow
Pause
Poise
Voice
Life
Eye contact
Gestures
Speed
Mini lessons:
Tell us about a
great vacation spot.
Tell us what your favorite activity is.
Why is it your favorite?
What is your favorite restaurant?
Why?
Life
Feeling
Emotion
Passion
I don’t think you’re dumb.
Tropical forests cover just 7% of the
world’s surface, but these forests
contain more than half of the world’s
living species. A sad fact is that these
forests are being destroyed. Each
year, 40 million acres--about the size
of the state of Washington--disappear,
along with the plants and animals that
live there.
Tropical forests cover just 7% of the
world’s surface, but these forests
contain more than half of the world’s
living species. A sad fact is that these
forests are being destroyed. Each
year, 40 million acres--about the size
of the state of Washington--disappear,
along with the plants and animals that
live there.
The dog was real little. He hardly
came up to my knee. But he opened
his mouth real wide, jumped up, and
bit me on the hand! I looked at my
hand and there were tooth marks.
It was a crazy play. I was on 2nd base
and my teammate was batting. He hit
a ball to left field. I was running
around third, the ball was coming in
from the outfield, the catcher was
blocking the plate, there was a big
crash, we looked at the umpire, but
she just stood there. We waited. And
waited. And waited. And finally the
ump said, “OUT!”
Evaluating
Speaking
PD 360
Articulation
Volume
Projection
Enunciation
Word choice
Eye contact
Body movement
Presence
Grammar
PD 360
Articulation
Volume
Projection
Enunciation
Word choice
Eye contact
Body movement
Presence
Grammar
ReadWriteThink
Nonverbal skills
eye contact
body language “movements seem fluid…”
poise
Verbal skills
enthusiasm
elocution
Content
subject knowledge
organization
mechanics “no misspellings…”
Voice
Heinemann
enthusiasm
confidence
interesting
Conventions
volume
look at audience
appropriate rate
enunciate
Organization
story structure
audience
Word choice
Ideas and content
SBAC scoring guide
Mistake made by Plymouth
North and South High Schools?
Haphazardness.
Proper paper markage
Commas, semi-colons, etc.
Squiggles and dots
used correctly
Proper use of large letters
Correct upper-casing
Cases appropriately used
Hold head up
Calm demeanor
Good stance and posture
Speak loudly
Projection
Good volume
“engages the audience
with charisma”
The answer?
Use the framework.
Give equal weight
to building and performing.
(Consider giving more
weight to performing.)
The audience
must be
involved in evaluating.
Go to pvlegs.com
Taylor Mali
www.pvlegs.com
[email protected]

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