Who are the Hebrews?

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Who are the Hebrews?
What is Judaism?
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The religion of the Hebrews
The Jewish/Hebrew Bible is part of
the Christian Bible (The Old
Testament)
Who is Abraham?
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According to the Bible, God told
Abraham to leave Mesopotamia and
look for a new land.
He left Mesopotamia and went to
Canaan (current day Israel).
His descendants were called
Hebrews.
There was a famine in Canaan so
some Hebrews moved to Egypt.
Hebrews in Egypt
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The Hebrew population grew in
Egypt
This worried the Egyptian pharaoh
who was afraid that the Hebrews
would try to take over Egypt
To stop this from happening the
pharaoh made the Hebrews slaves
Who is Moses?
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A leader of the Hebrews
In 1200BC God told Moses to lead
the Hebrews out of Egypt
Moses went to the pharaoh and
demanded that he set the Hebrew
slaves free
The Pharaoh refused
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Soon after the pharaoh refused to
set them free…plagues and
disasters struck Egypt
This scared the pharaoh so he
agreed to free the Hebrews
What is the Exodus?
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Moses led his people out of Egypt in
a journey called the Exodus
The Hebrews thought that their
release from slavery proved that
God loved them and was looking
after them.
After their release….
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The Hebrews wandered around the desert
trying to return to Canaan.
During their wanderings
they came to a mountain
called Sinai
The Bible says that this
is where God gave
Moses 2 stone tabletsThe 10 Commandments
What are the Ten
Commandments?
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“I am God your Lord, who brought
you out of Egypt, from the place of
slavery.
Do not have any other Gods before
Me
Do not take the name of God, your
Lord in vain-God will not allow the
one who talked his name in vain to
go unpunished.
10 Comandments cont….
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Remember the Sabbath to keep it
holy
Honor your father and your mother.
You will then live long on the land
that God your lord is giving you.
Do not commit murder
Do not commit adultery
Do not steal
10 Commandments cont…..
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Do not testify as a false witness
against your neighbor.
Do not be envious of your
neighbors’ house.
Do not be envious of your
neighbors’ wife or anything else
that is your neighbors’.
The return to Canaan
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The Hebrews wandered for 40 years
before they reached Canaan.
They conquered Canaan and
became known as the Israelites
They lived in small scattered
communities
Each community had its own judges
as leaders
Philistines
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In the 1000’s BC the Philistines
invaded the Israelites (Hebrews)
The Israelites picked a leader
named Saul to lead them in battle
Saul became the first king of Israel
King David
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David was a servant is Saul’s palace
Saul didn’t like David and made him
an outlaw
For many years David lived in the
desert
Once Saul died, David became King
The Israelites loved David
David defeated the Philistines
King David cont…..
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King David captured many lands
He also captured Jerusalem which
became Israel’s new capital
King Solomon
Was King David’s son
 He expanded the
Kingdom
 He made Egypt and Phoenicia his
allies and started trading with them
 This made Israel very rich
 He built a huge temple dedicated to
God in Jerusalem
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Invaders
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After Solomon died, people fought
about who should be king
Israel split into 2 kingdoms-Israel
and Judah
The people of Judah became known
as Jews
Scattering of Jews
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The Chaldeans captured Jerusalem
and made thousands of Jews their
slaves
In 530 BC the Persians conquered
the Chaldeans and let the Jews free
The Maccabees
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A family called the Maccabees
revolted and once again the Jews
ruled their own kingdom
However they were soon conquered
by the Romans
Hebrew Women
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Couldn’t choose husband
Had to obey husband
Couldn’t inherit property
Important Hebrew Women
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Queen Esther and Judge Deborah
saved the Hebrews from their
enemies
Ruth left her people to care for her
mother-in-law-Naomi (was seen as
a role model)

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