一年级数学认知能力训练活动课研究Curriculum Development of First

Report
一年级数学认知能力训练活动课研究
Curriculum Development of Firstgrade Math Cognitive Training
Huang Yan, The Experimental School Attached TO Sichuan
Normal University , Chengdu
认知能力-----智力
Cognitive skills Intelligence
注意
Attention
思维
Thinking
想象
Imagination
观察
Observation
记忆Memory
发现问题
Discovering problem
一年级的新生入学伊始,就在学习习惯和学习能力上存在着较大的个体差异。
Great individual differences of study habits and learning
capacity rest in the very beginning of first-grade freshman
• 生活常识
• Common sense of life
• 感悟力差
• Lack of perception
• 专注地倾听
• Listen attentively
• 细致地观察
• Observe carefully
• 完整地表述
• Express clearly
• 记忆力、思维灵活性、想象力
• Memory, thinking of flexibility and imagination
原因分析
Cause analysis
•
•
•
•
遗传因素
Genetic factor
0—6岁阶段家长对孩子认知能力与习惯培养的重视程度
The importance of cognitive ability training and habit
cultivation that parents attach to their children age 0-6
• 早教误区
• Blind spots of Early Year’s Education
重知识而轻认知能力培养
Emphasize knowledge teaching, ignore cognitive ability
training
重技能而轻习惯培养
Emphasize skills teaching, ignore habit development
• 学校课堂教学的局限性
• Limitation of classroom teaching
解决办法
Solution
• 认知能力的训练引入课堂
• Classroom teaching with introduction of cognitive
ability training
游戏化 情景化 专门化
Game-based Scenario-based Specialized
• 相关资料的收集和整理---形成成果
• Related information gathering – process to
achievement
教师用
家长用
For the use of teacher
For the use of parents
观察与记忆
Observe and Memorize
• 观察的敏锐性
与精细性
Exact sharpness of observation
•你看到了什么?
•What do you see?
•什么东西不见了?
•What is missing?
• 观察的方法----有序观察
• Method of observation – Observe
in order
• 观察力训练与审题习惯培养的有机结合
• Mutual integration of observation ability
training and habit development of question
examination
注意力
• 拍掌游戏
Hand Games
85314760…
• 写数游戏
• Number writing games
• 听故事,捉迷藏
• Listen to stories, hide-and-seek
感知觉能力
Perceptual ability
• 数感的培养
• Number sense training
• 估计能力
• Ability to estimate
• 空间感
• Spatial sense
数感的培养
Number sense training
•猜糖果
•Candy
guessing
•数豆子
•点子图
•Beans
counting
•Idea Map
•小棒游戏
Game of small
stick
估一估,数一数
Let’s estimate and count
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
十位
Ten-digits
个位
Single-digit
十位
个位
Ten-digits
Single-digit
计算能力的培养
Training of calculating ability
•游戏竞赛
•Competition
•活动体验
•Activity experiencing
•合理有效的练习
•Sound and effective practise
6
估计能力
Ability to estimate
•“厨房的秘密 ”系列活动
•Series of activities - “Kitchen’s
secret”
思维能力
Thinking ability
思维灵活性、开放性的培养
Training of flexible and open thinking
•颠倒说
•Say it in
reversed order
•故事接龙
•Story domino
•纸能用来做什么?
•What can paper be used for?
谢谢老师们的聆听!
Thank you for your
listening!

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