topic sentence

Report
Good morning! I
-Please get a red pen.
-Please get any handouts off of the back counter.
Caught’ya Day8

Write out the date right next to day 7

Example: January 22, 2014

Edit the Caught’ya for errors first

Then look up any vocabulary words


Do NOT turn in vocabulary words; they stay in your VoW section of your ELA binder
Extra task-Label the types of sentences
sam sagacious put his book in his backpack and he laughed. felicia fey
threatened to zap william with a spell but that didnt deter him
What Makes a Good
Body Paragraph?
TREAEAEAT
Paragraph Puzzle
Arrange
the sentence strips into a
logical order
Time limit = 10
Be able to justify each sentence’s
placement
What is a paragraph?
- a group of sentences
- the first word of each paragraph is indented
How are these sentences
related?

All sentences are about the same idea
or topic

Begins with a topic sentence

Several sentences support the topic
sentence with evidence from the text

Several sentence analyze the evidence

Ends with a concluding sentence
What makes a good
paragraph?

Usually 5 or more sentences

The sentences flow with transitional
words/phrases

Varied kinds of sentences

Compound, Complex, and
Compound/Complex sentences.
Topic Sentences

A paragraph usually begins with a topic sentence


Example: Some amusement park rides can be frightening experiences.
Topic sentences can be divided into two elements

The topic – amusement park rides (objective)

The thesis/controlling idea – frightening experience (subjective)

The topic sentence is not effective without the thesis/controlling
idea.

Third possible element: Essays usually have multiple paragraphs,
therefore the topic sentence should include a transitional phrase
to show movement from one paragraph to another.


Example: First of all, some amusement park rides can be frightening
experiences.
The supporting sentences should prove the thesis/controlling idea.

E’s and A’s
Think on your own: Identify the
elements of the following topic
sentences.
1. Jackie Robinson was one of
the cleverest base runners in
modern baseball.
2. From the time the artist
Georgia O’Keeffe was young,
she was interested in painting
a part of a whole scene.
3. Harriet Tubman’s first
outstanding quality is her
bravery.
What will the supporting
sentences prove in each of the
above topic sentences?
Analyze the elements of this paragraph –
Mark up the text with your colored pencils
In 1955 Claudette Colvin, a 15-year-old African-American girl, stood up for her
rights. According to the text, “Claudette could sit only in the ‘colored’ section of
the bus. When the colored section was full the ‘White-only’ section was empty,
Claudette had to stand.” In other words, no African American was allowed to sit in
front of or next to a white person. The author describes one day when all seats in
the colored section were full, Claudette sat in the white-only section. When the bus
driver told her to move, Claudette was arrested and taken to the jail. She bravely
decided to stand up for herself as well as others around her. This incident took
place just a few months before Rosa Parks refused to move to the back of the bus.
Perhaps Claudette’s courage helped Rosa Parks in her act of courage.
Analyze the elements of this paragraph –
Mark up the text with your colored pencils
In 1955 Claudette Colvin, a 15-year-old AfricanAmerican girl, stood up for her rights. According to the
text, “Claudette could sit only in the ‘colored’ section of
the bus. When the colored section was full the ‘Whiteonly’ section was empty, Claudette had to stand.” In
other words, no African American was allowed to sit in
front of or next to a white person. The author describes
one day when all seats in the colored section were full,
Claudette sat in the white-only section. When the bus
driver told her to move, Claudette was arrested and
taken to the jail. She bravely decided to stand up for
herself as well as others around her. This incident took
place just a few months before Rosa Parks refused to
move to the back of the bus. Perhaps Claudette’s
courage helped Rosa Parks in her act of courage.

Topic sentence

Topic

Thesis/controlling idea

Is this one stand-alone paragraph or is it one of
multiple from an essay? How do you know?

Concluding sentence

Supporting sentences

E’s

A’s

Transitional phrases/X Statements

5 or more sentences

Varied kinds of sentences

Compound, Complex, Compound/Complex
Analyze the elements of this paragraph –
Mark up the text with your colored pencils
In 1955 Claudette Colvin, a 15-year-old AfricanAmerican girl, stood up for her rights. According to the
text, “Claudette could sit only in the ‘colored’ section of
the bus. When the colored section was full the ‘Whiteonly’ section was empty, Claudette had to stand.” In
other words, no African American was allowed to sit in
front of or next to a white person. The author describes
one day when all seats in the colored section were full,
Claudette sat in the white-only section. When the bus
driver told her to move, Claudette was arrested and
taken to the jail. She bravely decided to stand up for
herself as well as others around her. This incident took
place just a few months before Rosa Parks refused to
move to the back of the bus. Perhaps Claudette’s
courage helped Rosa Parks in her act of courage.

Topic sentence

Topic

Thesis/controlling idea

Is this one stand-alone paragraph or is it one of
multiple from an essay? How do you know?

Concluding sentence

Supporting sentences

E’s

A’s

Transitional phrases/X Statements

5 or more sentences

Varied kinds of sentences

Compound, Complex, Compound/Complex
Analyze the elements of this paragraph –
Mark up the text with your colored pencils
In 1955 Claudette Colvin, a 15-year-old AfricanAmerican girl, stood up for her rights. According to
the text, “Claudette could sit only in the ‘colored’
section of the bus. When the colored section was full
the ‘White-only’ section was empty, Claudette had to
stand.” In other words, no African American was
allowed to sit in front of or next to a white person. The
author describes one day when all seats in the
colored section were full, Claudette sat in the whiteonly section. When the bus driver told her to move,
Claudette was arrested and taken to the jail. She
bravely decided to stand up for herself as well as
others around her. This incident took place just a few
months before Rosa Parks refused to move to the
back of the bus. Perhaps Claudette’s courage
helped Rosa Parks in her act of courage.

Topic sentence

Topic

Thesis/controlling idea

Is this one stand-alone paragraph or is it one of
multiple from an essay? How do you know?

Concluding sentence

Supporting sentences

E’s

A’s

Transitional phrases/X Statements

5 or more sentences

Varied kinds of sentences

Compound, Complex, Compound/Complex
Do your paragraphs have what it
takes to be good paragraphs?

The writing process:
1. Prewrite
2. Draft
3. Revise
4. Edit
5. Publish
 Use
today’s notes to
revise your written
or typed essay
 Complete “More
Practice with Topic
Sentences” WS
packet

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