presentation - OPAL Environmental Justice Oregon

Campaign for a Fair Transfer
Vivian Satterfield, OPAL Associate Director
Jared Franz, OPAL Law & Policy Associate
Eavan Moore, BRU Research & Advisory Committee Chair
Ben Duncan, OPAL Board Chair
How We Got Here
 BRU formed in 2010
in response to history
of service cuts and
fare increases
 CFT supported by
over 6,000 riders and
over 30 community
 Collaboration with
TriMet to produce
cost estimate and
discuss benefits
The Potential Cost
 $2.6 million, short-term
0.5% of operating budget
2% of passenger revenue
 Diminishing long-term
0.3 short-term sensitivity to
change (price elasticity)
0.6 – 0.9 long-term
Diminishing cost due to
increasing influence on
ridership growth
No Budget Adjustment Necessary
 Sufficient existing cash/contingency funds
 Board Policy = $100.3m
 Cash + Contingency = $118.7m
 Excess of Board Policy = $18.4m
 CFT is a fraction of cash/contingency excess
and an appropriate use of funds
 Re-evaluate actual cost in FY15
CFT vs. Bus Service (Cost)
 CFT is a short-term, diminishing cost
 CFT is ready now, and cost of implementation is
 CFT is one-third the cost of restoring our
frequent service network
CFT vs. Bus Service (Impact)
 CFT has a system-wide
impact; all cash/ticket
riders benefit
 CFT mitigates lowfrequency service and ontime performance issues
 Targeted fare relief for
more people
 No barriers to access
 Existing fare mitigation
programs underutilized
Frequent ≠ Affordable
 Fare burden is at record high
 Price increases have outpaced
inflation since 1990s
 Fare increases + recession =
double blow to riders
 Fare relief reduces cost burdens,
expands transit access
Opportunity to Be a Leader
 Ridership Growth: Minneapolis 2.5 hour fare
 Public Safety: San Francisco unlimited nighttime fare
 Equity: Dallas low-cost, 5 hour midday fare
 Public Perception & Good Will
Transit Is a Lifeline
 Access to opportunity
 Jobs, education, worship, recreation, and
essential health and social services
 Residential displacement and the growing need
for affordable mobility
 A Stronger Community
 Public Health
 Environmental Health
Transit Decisions Most Impact:
 People of Color
More likely to depend on transit, particularly busses
More likely to transfer, use cash/ticket, and make short trips
 People with Limited Income
Fewest transportation options
More than 60% of all boardings
 Women
 People with Limited Mobility
People with Disabilities
Source: TriMet 2010 Attitudes and Awareness Survey, TriMet 2012 Fall Rider Survey
Burdens & Benefits
Fare Increases
Extended Fares
 Disparate impact
 Targeted relief
 People of Color
 Low-income Riders
 People of Color
 Low-income Riders
 Short, Cash or Ticket
Trips (2-zone)
 Short, Cash or Ticket
Trips (time-based)
 Bus Riders
 Bus Riders
Source: TriMet 2012 Title VI /Transit Equity Impacts Assessment and Fall 2012 Rider Survey
The Wisdom of Riders
We Speak for Ourselves
Environmental Justice demands meaningful
participation of those most impacted at every
level of decision-making.
Riders know their challenges and solutions best.

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