Document

Report
Simulation in Korea
to support CAX
2011. 10
Agenda

JTLS in Korea

ROK JCS’s Plan to support CAX
Republic of Korea

Simulation Development Plan
JTLS in Korea

JTLS is used by ROK AU(Air University)

To give an experience for joint warfare to students of AU
 Joint operations : important factor in modern warfare

Especially, air fighter & commander required joint concept
 JTLS is a unique joint theater level simulation

ROK AU

The supreme professional military education org. for air
force offices

3 courses
 SOC - Squadron Officer Course
 CSC - Command Staff Course
10~15 foreign
officers join
annually
 Pre-commander course
-3-
JTLS in Korea

War-gamming practice in AU

Why performed?
 To give a realistic experience for warfare

How to perform?
 1-week war-gamming practice using JTLS


Concept(2 days) – Practice by JTLS(3~5 days) – AAR(1 day)
Why JTLS?
 JTLS is a unique joint theater level simulation

How many times?
 Every curriculum of AU performs war-gamming practice
 7 times practices are performed annually

4 SOC, 1 CSC and 2 pre-command courses
-4-
ROK JCS’s Plan to support CAX

ROK-US Combined/Joint exercises
Exercises
Audience, Objective and Method
• ROK-US combined military and ROK government
- Military: warfighting commands of corps and the higher echelon
UFG
• Exercise for full spectrum of conflict in Korea
- Crisis Management, Transition to War, Defense, Dominate, and
Stability Operations
* Ulchi : a famous general of
Ulchi Focus Guardians
ancient Korea
• CPX using constructive simulation + Virtual(Specific area)
• ROK-US combined/joint staffs
including above corps equivalent
ROK-US Combined Forces Command
KR/FE
• Exercise for CFC readiness
Key Resolve/Foal Eagle
- RSOI of US wartime reinforcement
(Reception, Staging, Onward Movement & Integration)
• CPX using constructive simulation + FTX(Specific area)
-5-
ROK JCS’s Plan to support CAX

Environment of Korean theater

Physical Characteristics
 Peninsula : water on three sides
 Tides : west extreme, east moderate
 Mountainous : limited mobility corridors
 Weather : four seasons
 Extensive urban sprawl in the south
 Transportation networks :
good in the south, poor in the north

Military Factors

Predominantly land theater

Air support can be decisive

Naval operations exert heavy influence

Amphibious turning movements

Extensive SOF infiltration by land, air, & sea
From Google Earth
-6-
ROK JCS’s Plan to support CAX

Modeling Challenges

Multiple echelons in the training audience
 ROK & US warfighting commands above corps equivalent

Greatest modeling challenge:
 Land forces : large number, multiple echelons

App. 55 friendly and 160 opposing div. & separate brigades

Theater counter fire operations : requires high resolution
 Naval : five carrier strike groups plus numerous other
air, surface, and sub-surface operations, NSW, MCM
Mine Counter Measure
Naval Special Warfare

Multi-divisions for amphibious operations
 Air : 2,000 ~3,000 friendly sorties per day
 Numerous opposing SOF missions and TBM launches
 High resolution collateral and compartmented intelligence portrayal
-7-
ROK JCS’s Plan to support CAX
Simulation federation to support exercises(Current)

Single Integrated Federation
ROK Models
US Models
Ground
Chang-Jo 21
CBS
Ground
Chon-Ja-Bong
Air
Naval
AWSIM
RESA
TACSIM
BICM
Intel
Chang-Gong
VSTARS
JTTI + K/JIS

Cheong-Hae
Air
Naval
JTTI : Joint Training Transformation Initiative
K/JIS : Korea Joint training confederation Infrastructure SW
MUSE
EW
ACE IOS
Logistics
LOGFED
JNEM
CA
High Complex,
High Cost Structure
MDST
TMO
 $10 Million/each ex.
-8-
ROK JCS’s Plan to support CAX

Simulation federation to support exercises(Plan)

Separated Parallel Federation
US Models
CBS
Chang-Jo 21
CI
Ground
ROK Models
Confederation Interface
Air
Ground
Chon-Ja-Bong
AWSIM
Counter-Fire
RESA
BICM
Intel
JTTI
Intel
TACSIM
JIS
VSTARS
MUSE
EW
ACE IOS
JNEM
CA
TMO
Logistics
LOGFED
Air
Cheong-Hae
Naval
JCFS
KSIMS
Naval
Chang-Gong
JCSSM
Logistics
JIOSST
Info. warfare
JCMOS
Civ. Op
ETSS-TMO
TMO
MDST
-9-
ROK JCS’s Plan to support CAX

Simulation federation to support exercises(Conceptual)

Separated Parallel Federation - alternative
US Models
ROK Models
CI
Confederation Interface
Joint
JTLS
Taegeuk-JOS
Joint
Counter-Fire
KSIMS
JCFS
TACSIM
BICM
Intel
JTTI
Intel
JIS
VSTARS
MUSE
EW
ACE IOS
JNEM
CA
TMO
Logistics
LOGFED
JCSSM
Logistics
JIOSST
Info. warfare
JCMOS
Civ. Op
ETSS-TMO
TMO
MDST
- 10 -
Simulation Development Plan
Developed Simulation Model

Combat Simulation Models
Resolution

Korean, means the spirits of Korean marine
Chon-Ja-Bong
Chang-Jo 21
Korean, means blue sky
Korean, means blue sea
Cheong-Hae
AWSIM
Chang-Gong
RESA
Korean, means creation
CBS
Ground
Air
Naval
- 11 -
Simulation Development Plan

Developing Simulation Model

Korean, means the Great Ultimate
Joint Combat Simulation Model : Taegeuk-JOS
 Development period :
1st
stage(2002 ~
Joint Operations Simulation
2004), 2nd (2010 ~ 2012)
 Joint (land, air, naval etc.) constructive simulation

Similar resolution with JTLS
 Support CPX for ROK-JCS staffs
 Modeling feature


Modeling Unit

Ground combat : Regiment or Battalion

Air : Air mission ( 1 ~ 4 aircrafts)

Naval : Ship including submarine

Special : Mission team
Attrition : Lanchester attrition + Pk
- 12 -
Simulation Development Plan

Developing Simulation Model

Joint Combat Simulation Model : Taegeuk-JOS
 Modeling feature

Terrain : Vector layers on Grid base
- 13 -
Simulation Development Plan

Developing Simulation Model

Joint Combat Simulation Model : Taegeuk-JOS
 Modeling feature

Ground Maneuver : Open or Road
- 14 -
Simulation Development Plan

Developing Simulation Model

Joint Combat Simulation Model : Taegeuk-JOS
 Modeling feature

Sea/Air Movement : Free-straight move on line segments
- 15 -
Simulation Development Plan

Planned Simulation Models

Objective : To support Combined/Joint CPX

Subject : Important functional operations area in modern war
 Required higher resolution than combat area
Developed
Joint Counter Fire Simulation
Joint Intelligence Simulation
Joint Combat Service Support training simulation Model
Planned
Joint Information Operations Simulation System for Training
Joint Civil Military Operations Simulation
Exercise & Training Supporting System for TMO
- 16 -
Simulation Development Plan

Other Developing or Planned

Objective : To support Combined/Joint CPX

Subject : Important functional operations area in modern war
 LVC integrated simulation required for specific area
LVC integrated
VC integrated
Constructive
Planned
Constructive
Constructive
LVC integrated
- 17 -
Thank You!
Sang-Yun Jeong Ph.D
Chief of KIDA DM&S Research Division
[email protected]

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