Yiri by Koko Yiri by Koko Today you will… • Recap Yiri by Koko info learnt last lesson. • Learn about the instruments used. • Learn about the melodies & tonality used. Where is this music from? • The West African country of Burkina Faso Official Language • French, but 90% of the population speak tribal languages of the Sudanic family. Cultural Context • Yiri is a native folk music piece from Burkina Faso. • Much of the music here is traditional folk music. • Yiri is celebration music for bringing a person out to honour them (usually an older person). Structure Introduction (1st balaphon) Theme (1st balaphon) 12 variation verses(1st balaphon/group singers/solo tenor) Coda (drums play louder/rhythmic accents/more improvisation) Structure continued • The overall structure is strophic (AAAA). • The piece consists of a set of variations over an ostinato. Texture Light Polyphonic Heterophonic Instruments Used • Talking drum – a traditional WestAfrican drum. It was originally used to send messages across open plains. • Balaphon – a wooden xylophone of West Africa. • Cowbell – this is only used right at the end of the piece. • Singers – they sing in unison & use the high tenor range as doe the solo tenor singer. Melodies & Tonality • The music begins in Db major • It then quickly moves to Gb melodies moving against a pentatonic ostinato on Db. • The tonic is Gb as the melodic phrases consistently end on that note. • The music is diatonic. Dynamics • Mostly mezzo forte • Crescendos & diminuendos at the beginning. • Coda is forte Tempo Moderate except at the beginning where the tempo is quite free. Lyrics The lyrics are in a native tribal language & there is no translation currently available.