Introduction to the Scholarly Communications System

Report
Introduction to the Scholarly
Communications System
Presenter Name
Presenter Institution
ACRL Scholarly Communication 101:
Starting with the Basics
Eventually, Steve
looked up. His mother
was nowhere in sight
and this was certainly
no longer the toy
department.
Gary Larson
“In times of change learners inherit
the earth; while the learned find
themselves beautifully equipped to
deal with a world that no longer
exists.”
Eric Hoffer
Reflections on the Human
Condition (1973)
Iterations in the life cycle of scholarship
Idea
research
data
manuscript
copyrights assignment
peer review
copy editing
publication
dissemination
preservation
expansion/reformulation
Iterations in the life cycle of scholarship
Formulation
Registration
Certification
Dissemination
Preservation
major participants in that life cycle
researchers
authors
foundations
federal agencies
universities
scholarly societies
publishers
libraries
taxpaying public
Publication (Registration
Creation
and Certification)
Dissemination
Editor
Manuscript & IP
Academic
Library
Publisher
Peer
Reviewers
Reformulation
disruption:
economic model
proved unsustainable
pressure points
Publication (Registration
Creation
and Certification)
Editor
IP
Dissemination
Academic
Library
cost
Publisher
Peer
Reviewers
budget
Reformulation
disruption:
Web
most scholarly publications still mimic print:
linear, formal, publisher-coordinated
Editor
Academic
Library
Publisher
Reviewers
internet
creation
Publication
dissemination
reformulation
scholars are
beginning to exploit
the power of the Web
Iterations in the life cycle of scholarship
Idea
research
data
manuscript
copyrights assignment
peer review
copy editing
publication
dissemination
preservation
expansion/reformulation
internet
creation
publication
dissemination
reformulation
ED
LIB
PUB
P-R
What role, then, for
publishers and libraries?
How can we/they add
value in a new system?
internet
editor
Peer-reviewers
creation
publication
dissemination
reformulation
Publishers
Libraries
Disaggregation of traditional system is in process…
new models are popping up
repositories
working papers
e-journals
preprints
data banks
“Scientific publishers should be terrified
that some of the world’s best scientists,
people at or near their research peak,
…are spending hundreds of hours each
year creating original research content for
their blogs, content that in many cases
would be difficult or impossible to
publish in a conventional journal.
By comparison, journals are standing still.”
Michael Nielsen, “Is scientific publishing about to be disrupted?”,
blog post on The future of science, June 29, 2009
Function
Old System
New System
Formulation
Alone or in laboratory with
 and…
graduate students and colleagues With colleagues all over the web
Registration
Journal submission
Book publication
Conference presentation
Working paper / Technical Report
 and…
Blogs
Disciplinary repositories
Open notebooks
Certification
Publishers through peer review
Universities indirectly through
promotion and tenure
?
Dissemination Libraries
Publishers – journals and
monographs
Scholarly societies thru
publications & conferences
Abstract and Indexing Services
and…
Blogs
Repositories
Google and other web search
engines
Funding agency mandates
Archiving
 and
Collaborations like Portico & Hathi
Trust
Disciplinary and institutional
repositories
Publishers
Libraries
disruption:
Open Movement
disruption:
Open Movement
power of ‘open’
disruption:
Open Movement
access grows impact
disruption:
Open Movement
taxpayers should
have access to the
research they fund
disruption:
Open Movement
universities create new
knowledge for the good
of society
disruption:
Open Movement
there’s more than one
way to fund a scholarly
distribution system
Reform
Goal: Build capacity to
integrate scholarly
communications awareness
and reform into our work as
academic librarians
Questions?
Comments?
This work was created by Lee Van Orsdel and modified by Sarah L
Shreeves for the ACRL National Conference, Scholarly
Communications 101 Workshop and last updated April 8,2010.
It is licensed under the Creative Commons AttributionNoncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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