Where People Go

Where People Go
Unit 4
a Where are these places?
1 Paris 2 London 3 New York 4 Rio de Janeiro 5
Athens 6 Cairo 7 Taj Mahal 8 Ayers Rock
b How long would it take you to get to each place
from where you live?
c How would you get there: by air, road or ... ?
d What is the time difference:
- between these places and your country?
- between these places and GMT?
Match the words in A and B which have the same meaning.
Which words are British and which American?
a check
a closet
a cupboard
an elevator
ground floor
a faucet
a lift
first floor
a one-way ticket
a fortnight
a round trip
a restroom
a tap
a return
a toilet
a single
two weeks
Listen to an American family talking about their
holiday in Europe and take notes on the comments
they make about each of these topics:
a school
/ schools
/ sand
the school
the schools
the sand
The definite article
Look at the following and put them into logical
Africa/the Himalayas/the Alps/ Italy/ Asia/ Kilimanjaro/
Australia/Lake Michigan/the beaches of Goa Lake Ontario/
Buenos Aires/Lenin's Mausoleum/the Czech Republic/the
Louvre/ Japan/Madame Tussaud's/ Geneva/the Mayan
ruins of Yucatan/ Everest/ the Gobi Desert/ the Nile/the
Pacific/ the Parthenon/ the Mediterranean/ the Sahara/
Napoleon/Count Dracula/ the temples of Bangkok/ the
Thames/ the Uffizi/ the United Kingdom/ the United States
of America/ the West Indies/ the Yangtze
The definite article
2. Look at the examples and write rules for the use of the in each case.
• Rule 1: t he Uffizi, the Prado, the Victoria and Albert
• Rule 2: the Nile, the Thames, the Atlantic
• Rule 3: the Seychelles, the West Indies, the Philippines
• Rule 4: the Sahara, the Alps, the Rockies
• Rule 5: the Czech Republic, the USA, the UK
• Rule 6: Innsbruck, Switzerland, Europe
• Rule 7: Napoleon, Count Dracula, Prince Charles
• Rule 8: Lake Ontario, Everest, Lake Garda
• Rule 9: the beaches of Goa, the Tower of London, the Mayan ruins
of Yucatan
• Rule 10: Madame Tussaud's, St Basil's Cathedral,
When a noun or adjective is used to create a
The Russians want as many tourists as possible.
a Before nationalities, when referring to an
She's British but her husband is Greek.
b When referring to an ability to speak a language.
He's very gifted at languages. He can speak
French, Russian, German, Spanish and Arabic.
The word the has been deleted from this article.
Put it back whenever necessary. The first paragraph has been done for you.
Seventy percent of Britons believe visiting London is more dangerous than
going abroad, while in Scotland this rises to 80 per cent. These findings
come despite a number of tourist killings in Florida, Egypt and elsewhere in
Africa, according to Lunn Poly, the travel firm which polled a random sample
of 1,030 adults about their holiday intentions.
Trips to Florida from Britain fen by 20 percent last summer and nearly half
of people who were polled said they would not go there next year. That is
bad news for Disney World in Orlando, top American attraction for British
tourists, and bookings are also down to Disneyland near Paris. British fear of
London is not shared by nine million foreigners who visited capital last year London's attractions, such as Changing of Guard being main reason why
Britain was world's sixth tourist destination. At least 25 per cent of British
families are expected to holiday abroad next year, and a record nine million
are forecast to book a foreign package holiday.
It looks as if biggest beneficiary will be cheapest country, Spain, where
bookings are up by50 per cent - not least because peseta has fallen faster
than pound.
We say 9 million (NOT '9 millions).
• BUT we say millions of foreigners, thousands of tourists, etc.
For figures over 100, British English uses and between the hundreds and the tens:
• 257 two hundred and fifty-seven USA: two hundred fifty-seven
• 1,000 a thousand or one thousand
If we use a decimal we say point. Each figure is said separately:
zero point three five
eight point seven five
nought point three five
eight point seven five
Fractions are expressed using ordinal numbers:
• a third 1/3 a quarter 1/4 a half 1/2 two fifths 2/5 three quarters 3/4
Note these mathematical terms:
• 18x34=612eighteen multiplied by/ times thirty-four equals/makes/is six hundred and
• 27%3 = 9 twenty-seven divided by three is nine
Many figures are pronounced individually:
• Flight 8A 818 eight one eight
• My room number is 631. six three one
From, to , and by are used to indicate changes in figures:
• The price has risen by 5%, from $100 to $105.
When speaking about money we say the currency unit after the figure:
• £55 fifty-five pounds / $800 eight hundred Canadian dollars
Past Continuous
[was/were + present participle]
• You were studying when she called.
• Were you studying when she called?
• You were not studying when she called.
Past Continuous
USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past
I was watching TV when she called.
When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.
USE 2 Parallel Actions
I was studying while he was making dinner.
REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs
Jane was being at my house when you arrived. Not
Jane was at my house when you arrived. Correct
Past Continuous -exercises
1. The Titanic (cross) the Atlantic when it (strike) an iceberg.
2. After I (find) the wallet full of money, I (go, immediately) to the police and (turn) it in.
3. The doctor (say) that Tom (be) too sick to go to work and that he (need) to stay at
home for a couple of days.
4. Sebastian (arrive) at Susan's house a little before 9:00 PM, but she (be, not) there. She
(study, at the library) for her final examination in French.
5. Sandy is in the living room watching television. At this time yesterday, she (watch, also)
television. That's all she ever does!
6. A: I (call) you last night after dinner, but you (be, not) there. Where were you?
B: I (work) out at the fitness center.
7. When I (walk) into the busy office, the secretary (talk) on the phone with a customer,
several clerks (work, busily) at their desks, and two managers (discuss, quietly) methods to
improve customer service.
8. I (watch) a mystery movie on TV when the electricity went out. Now I am never going to
find out how the movie ends.
9. Sharon (be) in the room when John told me what happened, but she didn't hear
anything because she (listen, not) .
10. It's strange that you (call) because I (think, just) about you.
Present Perfect Continuous
has/have + been + present participle
• You have been waiting here for two hours.
• Have you been waiting here for two hours?
• You have not been waiting here for two hours
Present Perfect Continuous
USE - Duration from the Past Until Now
They have been talking for the last hour.
She has been working at that company for three years.
What have you been doing for the last 30 minutes?
We have been waiting here for over two hours!
REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs
Sam has been having his car for two years. Not Correct
Sam has had his car for two years. Correct
Present Perfect Continuous -exercise
Robin: I think the waiter (forget) us. We (wait) here for over half an
hour and nobody (take) our order yet.
Michele: I think you're right. He (walk) by us at least twenty times.
He probably thinks we (order, already) .
Robin: Look at that couple over there, they (be, only) here for five or
ten minutes and they already have their food.
Michele: He must realize we (order, not) yet! We (sit) here for over
half an hour staring at him.
Robin: I don't know if he (notice, even) us. He (run) from table to
table taking orders and serving food.
Michele: That's true, and he (look, not) in our direction once.

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