### observation

```What is Science?
Science is a process we use to answer
OBSERVATIONS
When you observe you become aware of
something by using your senses: smell, sight,
sound, touch and taste.
An observation is a statement describing a fact.
OBSERVATIONS
When you observe you become aware of
something by using your senses: smell, sight,
sound, touch and taste.
An observation is a statement describing a fact.
this classroom.
Qualitative vs. Quantitative
• Observations can be qualitative or
quantitative.
• Qualitative observations cannot be measured.
Examples: red, hot, beeping noise
• Quantitative observations can be measured.
Examples: 72 degrees, 18 centimeters, 45
mph
Quantitative or Qualitative?
• The room is cold.
Quantitative or Qualitative?
• The room is cold.
Qualitative
Quantitative or Qualitative?
• The room is cold.
• There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
Quantitative or Qualitative?
• The room is cold.
• There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
Quantitative
Quantitative or Qualitative?
• The room is cold.
• There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
• It is 98 degrees Fahrenheit in the cafeteria.
Quantitative or Qualitative?
• The room is cold.
• There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
• It is 98 degrees Fahrenheit in the cafeteria.
Quantitative
Quantitative or Qualitative?
•
•
•
•
The room is cold.
There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
It is 98 degrees Fahrenheit in the cafeteria.
The car was red with white tires.
Quantitative or Qualitative?
•
•
•
•
The room is cold.
There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
It is 98 degrees Fahrenheit in the cafeteria.
The car was red with white tires.
Qualitative
Quantitative or Qualitative?
•
•
•
•
•
The room is cold.
There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
It is 98 degrees Fahrenheit in the cafeteria.
The car was red with white tires.
He drove 15 miles in 8 minutes.
Quantitative or Qualitative?
•
•
•
•
•
The room is cold.
There are five eggs in the bluebird nest.
It is 98 degrees Fahrenheit in the cafeteria.
The car was red with white tires.
He drove 15 miles in 8 minutes.
Quantitative
Record 2 qualitative and 2 quantitative
Record 4 observations. Label each
qualitative or quantitative.
But I can’t see (hear,smell,touch
or taste) it! What do I do?
There are some things that cannot
be observed.
cells
Details of Planets and Stars
Can you think of some ways
scientists have solved this
problem?
Scientists often use inferences.
Inferences cannot be directly observed.
They require thought!!
When you infer you make educated guesses and
An inference is a statement
of the facts.
what do you think happened here?
And here?
Observation vs. Inference
Observation
Inference
There is a car on the side of the road.
The car is on the side of the road because
it ran out of gas.
The plant is drooping and the soil is dry.
The teacher forgot to water the plant.
The room smells and all the students are
covering their faces.
Someone ate tacos for lunch.
Look at these two sets of
animal tracks.
List 3 OBSERVATIONS
Make an INFERENCE
Look at these two sets of
Make 3 observations
.
animal tracks.
List 3 OBSERVATIONS
Make an INFERENCE
Look at these two sets of
Make 3 observations
.
animal tracks.
List 3 OBSERVATIONS
Makean1INFERENCE
inference.
Make
Make 3 observations.
Make 3 observations.
Make 1 inference.
Make 3 observations.
Make 3 observations.
Make 1 inference.
Write a conclusion.
Let’s Practice!
What can you infer about these
people?
What is he thinking?
Why isn’t she using a fork?
Where are they? Do they know each
other?
What happened here?
What do you think he is going to say?
What can you infer?
How does she feel?
What happened?
```