Dr Teddi Fishman - Oxford Brookes University

Report
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Subtitle: Sometimes there are
disconcerting gaps between
theory and practice . . .
http://sanford-soccer-net.blogspot.com/2011/02/norman-hubbard-failing-to-bridge-gap.html
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Internationalization of student cohorts is good (for the
students, and for us.)
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Internationalization of student cohorts is good (for the
students, and for us.)
We should not admit students who do not have access
to the things they will need to succeed.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Internationalization of student cohorts is good (for the
students, and for us.)
We should not admit students who do not have access
to the things they will need to succeed.
If we choose to admit students with a wider range of
writing abilities, it follows that we need to offer a
greater range of resources and/or support services.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Both writing and learning are social activities.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Both writing and learning are social activities.
None of us, if pressed, could identify all of the
sources of knowledge we now claim as “ours.”
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Both writing and learning are social activities.
None of us, if pressed, could identify all of the
sources of knowledge we now claim as “ours.”
Faculty agree neither on a definition of
plagiarism nor on how to interpret or apply
plagiarism policy.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
How do we provide the assistance and resources for
our increasingly diverse range of students while still
maintaining the quality of instruction, fairness, and
rigor?
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
How do we provide the assistance and resources for
our increasingly diverse range of students while still
maintaining the quality of instruction, fairness, and
rigor?
Should we try to make room within existing curricula?
Should we offer “extra” instruction (or leniency) to a
select few?
Should we maintain existing practices and standards
and let the consequences fall as they may?
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
In some cases, what we expect or require of
international students is explicitly contrary to their
own cultural norms.
~Sharon Meyers
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
The students who make it to where we are do so
by learning to succeed within a system of
accepted cultural practices.
(It should not be a surprise that they see marks
or their diploma, rather than learning, as their
goal. That’s how it has been presented to them.)
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
“Any discussion of plagiarism needs to recognize that
the framework under which "plagiarism" is conceived
in American academia is the product of a particular
cultural and institutional history and not one that is
universally shared.”
-The Plagiarism Project
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
“People are blind to their own
academic cultures; they think
students know things when they
don’t.”
(from Janet Ryan’s research responses, given in her
slides here this morning.)
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
I am a visitor here...
I am not permanent
And the only thing keeping me dry is
where I am . . .
-The Postal Service (Song Lyric)
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
There is a critical difference
between importance and
immediacy . . .
-Bill Moyers (journalist)
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Q: Where do we find the most
frequent occurrences of
plagiarism?
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Q: Where do we find the most
frequent occurrences of
plagiarism?
A: Where we look.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Undergrad
Grad
Faculty
(Observing)
Percentage of students
who admit to written
cheating
N=
48%
31%
86%
75,000+ 12,500+ 15,800+
*US only; UGs excludes first year students
-Don McCabe, Address to AAC&U October 2009
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Clearly, this is not simply an issue with International
Students
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Clearly, this is not simply an issue with international
students, however, considering the issues faced by
second (or third) language speakers can help us to
understand and address it.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Clearly, this is not simply an issue with international
students.
One of the things we can do is to speak to students in
language they understand.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Often, even our native speakers find it difficult to
understand what we say about plagiarism.
With the stakes as high as they are, we must try to
remedy that situation.
As Neil Morris noted this morning, the stakes are
quite high, and penalties quite severe, yet we don’t
define it for them and they are quite poorly
prepared to write for us. When we accept them, it
becomes our responsibility.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Plagiarism occurs when someone
* Uses words, ideas, or work products
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Plagiarism occurs when someone
* Uses words, ideas, or work products
* Attributable to another identifiable person or source
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Plagiarism occurs when someone
* Uses words, ideas, or work products
* Attributable to another identifiable person or source
* Without attributing the work to the source from which it was
obtained
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Plagiarism occurs when someone
* Uses words, ideas, or work products
* Attributable to another identifiable person or source
* Without attributing the work to the source from which it was
obtained
* In a situation in which there is a legitimate expectation of
original authorship
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Plagiarism occurs when someone
* Uses words, ideas, or work products
* Attributable to another identifiable person or source
* Without attributing the work to the source from which it was
obtained
* In a situation in which there is a legitimate expectation of
original authorship
* In order to obtain some benefit, credit, or gain which need
not be monetary
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Complex issues should not be addressed in simplistic ways . . .
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Complex issues should not be addressed in simplistic ways . . .
However,
We do a disservice when we hold students to standards we
know to be written in ways they do not comprehend.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Complex issues should not be addressed in simplistic ways . . .
However,
We do a disservice when we hold students to standards we
know to be written in ways they do not comprehend.
“We have a powerful weapon in our hands and have to be
careful to avoid collateral damage”
~ Janet Ryan (this morning)
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
Whether they are “international” students or
not, most of our students are “visitors”
To help them learn the mores of academic
culture, we should embed the knowledge they
need, in language they can understand,
throughout our curricula.
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
For more information, please contact the
International Center for
Academic Integrity
[email protected] or [email protected]
AcademicIntegrity.org
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org
For more information, please contact the
International Center for
Academic Integrity
[email protected] or [email protected]
AcademicIntegrity.org
And please join us for our
Academic Integrity conference in
Toronto in October!
T. Fishman
International Center for Academic Integrity
AcademicIntegrity.org

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